NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 10: The Sermon of Benares and the poem For Anne Gregory with Summery or Lesson & Poem This includes all answers of oral comprehension check, working with the text, extra questions with answers, working with language, speaking and writing skills, etc. Download Offline Apps based on updated NCERT Solutions for 2019-20.
|Class 10:||English – First Flight|
|Chapter 10:||The Sermon of Benares|
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 10
Visit to Class 10 English main page
The Sermon of Benares – Answers
- First Flight Chapter 10: The Sermon of Benares
- First Flight Chapter 10 Poem: For Anne Gregory
- Summery of Chapter & Poem
- First Flight Chapter 10: Comprehension Passages
10 English Chapter 10: The Sermon of Benares – Answers
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 10: The Sermon of Benares is given below with all questions answers, working with the text, working with language, writing and reading, oral comprehension check, etc. Visit to Poems question-answers or Class 10 English main page or Top of the page.
10 English Chapter 10 Poem: For Anne Gregory – Answers
Summery of Chapter and Poem
Passages with Question Answer
I. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follows:
He wandered for seven years and finally sat down under a peepal tree, where he vowed to stay until enlightenment came. Enlightened after seven days, he renamed the tree the Bodhi Tree (Tree of Wisdom) and began to teach and to share his new understandings. At that point he became known as the Buddha (the Awakened or the Enlightened). The Buddha preached his first sermon at the city of Benares, most holy of the dipping places on the River Ganges; that sermon has been preserved and is given here.
1. How long had he wandered before enlightenment came?
2. Where did he preach his first serman?
3. Which word in the passage means the same as ‘religious show’? See Answers
II. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follows:
Kisa Gotami had an only son, and he died. In her grief she carried the dead child to all her neighbours, asking them for medicine, and the people said, “She has lost her senses. The boy is dead.” At length, Kisa Gotami met a man who replied to her request, “I cannot give thee medicine for thy child, but I know a physician who can.” And the girl said, “Pray tell me, sir; who is it?” And the man replied, “Go to Sakyamuni, the Buddha.”
1. What happened to Kisa Gotami’s only son?
2. Why did she carry dead child to her neighbours?
3. Which phrase in the passage means the same as ‘gone mad’? See Answers
III. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follows:
The Buddha said, ‘‘The life of mortals in this world is troubled and brief and combined with pain. For there is not any means by which those that have been born can avoid dying; after reaching old age there is death; of such a nature are living beings. As ripe fruits are early in danger of falling, so mortals when born are always in danger of death.
1. What did the Buddha say about the life of the people?
2. How does a ripe fruit fear?
3. Which word in the passage means the same as ‘living beings’? See Answers
Answers for passages
Comprehension Passage I – Answers
1. He had wandered for seven years before enlightenment came.
2. He preached his first serman at the city of Benares.
Comprehension Passage II – Answers
1. Kisa Gotami’s only son died.
2. She carried the dead child to her neighbours to ask for medicine which could revive her son.
3. Lost her senses.
Comprehension Passage III – Answers
1. The life of the people is troubled and brief but combined with pain.
2. A ripe fruit fears the danger of falling.
When her son dies, Kisa Gotami goes from house to house. What does she ask for? Does she get it? Why not?
Kisa Gotami again goes from house to house after she speaks with the Buddha. What does she ask for, the second time around? Does she get it? Why not?
What does Kisa Gotami understand the second time that she failed to understand the first time? Was this what the Buddha wanted her to understand?
Yes, this was what the Buddha wanted her to understand.
Why do you think Kisa Gotami understood this only the second time? In what way did the Buddha change her understanding?
Initially she went from house to house in her neighbourhood asking them for help. She was only thinking about her grief and asking for a medicine that would cure her dead son. When she met the Buddha, he asked her to get a handful of mustard seeds from a house where no one had died. He did this purposely to make her realize that there was not a single house where no beloved had died, and that death is natural. When she went to all the houses the second time, she realised that she could not gather the mustard seeds because there was no house where a beloved had not died. Then, when she sat and thought about it, she realized that the fate of men is such that they live and die. Death is common to all. This was what the Buddha had intended her to understand.
How do you usually understand the idea of ‘selfishness’? Do you agree with Kisa Gotami that she was being ‘selfish in her grief ’?
What does the young man mean by “great honey-coloured /Ramparts at your ear?” Why does he say that young men are “thrown into despair” by them?
What colour is the young woman’s hair? What does she say she can change it to? Why would she want to do so?
Objects have qualities which make them desirable to others. Can you think of some objects (a car, a phone, a dress…) and say what qualities make one object more desirable than another? Imagine you were trying to sell an object: what qualities would you emphasise?
You have perhaps concluded that people are not objects to be valued for their qualities or riches rather than for themselves. But elsewhere Yeats asks the question: How can we separate the dancer from the dance? Is it possible to separate ‘the person himself or herself’ from how the person looks, sounds, walks, and so on? Think of how you or a friend or member of your family has changed over the years. Has your relationship also changed? In what way?
The poet wants to express here that we cannot separate a man from his characteristics. He explain this with an example that a dancer cannot be separated from dance. But it is possible since time and circumstances have their own role to play in this world. His relations with other living beings, looks, sounds, walks and the other factors also work. Circumstances and luck can make or mar the destiny of a person. Here are many cases where we can see them in a great change. Within years they become so prosperous that none can believe. But a real person maintain his relationship in the most appropriate and desirable way. He never expresses his pride in any case.