NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 12 Atom Exercises Solutions and Additional Exercises Solutions in PDF form as well as option for study online without downloading. Downloads Offline Apps for NCERT Sols of other subjects.

Class: | 12 |

Subject: | Physics |

Chapter 12: | Atom |

Table of Contents

- 1 NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 12
- 1.1 12 Physics Chapter 12 Exercises
- 1.2 12 Physics Chapter 12 Additional Exercises
- 1.2.1 Suppose you are given a chance to repeat the alpha-particle scattering experiment using a thin sheet of solid hydrogen in place of the gold foil. (Hydrogen is a solid at temperatures below 14 K.) What results do you expect?
- 1.2.2 The ground state energy of hydrogen atom is −13.6 eV. What are the kinetic and potential energies of the electron in this state?
- 1.2.3 Is the average angle of deflection of α-particles by a thin gold foil predicted by Thomson’s model much less, about the same, or much greater than that predicted by Rutherford’s model?
- 1.2.4 Is the probability of backward scattering (i.e., scattering of α-particles at angles greater than 90°) predicted by Thomson’s model much less, about the same, or much greater than that predicted by Rutherford’s model?
- 1.2.5 Keeping other factors fixed, it is found experimentally that for small thickness t, the number of α-particles scattered at moderate angles is proportional to t. What clue does this linear dependence on t provide?
- 1.2.6 In which model is it completely wrong to ignore multiple scattering for the calculation of average angle of scattering of α-particles by a thin foil?
- 1.2.7 If Bohr’s quantisation postulate (angular momentum = nh/2π) is a basic law of nature, it should be equally valid for the case of planetary motion also. Why then do we never speak of quantisation of orbits of planets around the sun?

## NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 12

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### 12 Physics Chapter 12 Exercises

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 12 Atom exercises are given below to use it online. Click here to see the Additional Exercises questions of this chapter or go to 12 Physics main page.

### 12 Physics Chapter 12 Additional Exercises

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 12 Atom additional exercises are given below to use it online. Click here to see Exercises Questions or move to Top of the page or go to 12 Physics main page.

Click here for Exercises Questions or Move to Top of the page or go to 12 Physics main page.

Previous Chapter: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Next Chapter: Nuclei

##### Practice Questions

- A 12.5 MeV alpha – particle approaching a gold nucleus is deflected by 180°. What is the closest distance to which it approaches the nucleus?
- Calculate the radius of the third Bohr orbit of hydrogen atom and energy of electron in that orbit.
- An electron and a proton are possessing same amount of K.E., which of the two have greater de-Broglie, wavelength? Justify your answer.
- For what Kinetic energy of a neutron will the associated de Broglie wavelength be 5.6 × 10^-10m?
- If the frequency of incident light in photoelectric experiment is doubled then does the stopping potential become double or more than double, justify?
- What will be the distance of closest approach of a 5 MeV proton as it approaches a gold nucleus?
- The radius of inner most orbit of Hydrogen atom is 5.3 × 10–1m. What are the radii of n = 2 and n = 8 orbits.

###### Try These

- A metal surface illuminated by 8.5 × 1014 Hz light emits electrons whose maximum energy is 0.52 eV the same surface is illuminated by 12.0 × 1014 Hz light emits elections whose maximum energy is 1.97eV. From these data find work function of the surface and value of Planck’s constant. [Work Function = 3ev]
- State the law of radioactive disintegration. Hence define disintegration constant and half life period. Establish relation between them.
- State Bohr’s postulates. Using these postulates, drive an expression for total energy of an electron in the nth orbit of an atom. What does negative of this energy signify?
- The total energy of an electron in the first excited state of the hydrogen atom is about –3.4 eV. What is

(a) the kinetic energy, (b) the potential energy of the electron? (c) Which of the answers above would change if the choice of the zero of potential energy in changed to (i) + 0.5 eV (ii) –0.5 eV.

Table of Contents

- 1 Suppose you are given a chance to repeat the alpha-particle scattering experiment using a thin sheet of solid hydrogen in place of the gold foil. (Hydrogen is a solid at temperatures below 14 K.) What results do you expect?
- 2 The ground state energy of hydrogen atom is −13.6 eV. What are the kinetic and potential energies of the electron in this state?
- 3 Is the average angle of deflection of α-particles by a thin gold foil predicted by Thomson’s model much less, about the same, or much greater than that predicted by Rutherford’s model?
- 4 Is the probability of backward scattering (i.e., scattering of α-particles at angles greater than 90°) predicted by Thomson’s model much less, about the same, or much greater than that predicted by Rutherford’s model?
- 5 Keeping other factors fixed, it is found experimentally that for small thickness t, the number of α-particles scattered at moderate angles is proportional to t. What clue does this linear dependence on t provide?
- 6 In which model is it completely wrong to ignore multiple scattering for the calculation of average angle of scattering of α-particles by a thin foil?
- 7 If Bohr’s quantisation postulate (angular momentum = nh/2π) is a basic law of nature, it should be equally valid for the case of planetary motion also. Why then do we never speak of quantisation of orbits of planets around the sun?

#### Suppose you are given a chance to repeat the alpha-particle scattering experiment using a thin sheet of solid hydrogen in place of the gold foil. (Hydrogen is a solid at temperatures below 14 K.) What results do you expect?

#### The ground state energy of hydrogen atom is −13.6 eV. What are the kinetic and potential energies of the electron in this state?

This is the total energy of a hydrogen atom. Kinetic energy is equal to the negative of the total energy.

Kinetic energy = − E = − (− 13.6) = 13.6 eV

Potential energy is equal to the negative of two times of kinetic energy.

Potential energy = − 2 × (13.6) = − 27 .2 eV

#### Is the average angle of deflection of α-particles by a thin gold foil predicted by Thomson’s model much less, about the same, or much greater than that predicted by Rutherford’s model?

The average angle of deflection of α-particles by a thin gold foil predicted by Thomson’s model is about the same size as predicted by Rutherford’s model. This is because the average angle was taken in both models.

#### Is the probability of backward scattering (i.e., scattering of α-particles at angles greater than 90°) predicted by Thomson’s model much less, about the same, or much greater than that predicted by Rutherford’s model?

The probability of scattering of α-particles at angles greater than 90° predicted by Thomson’s model is much less than that predicted by Rutherford’s model.

#### Keeping other factors fixed, it is found experimentally that for small thickness t, the number of α-particles scattered at moderate angles is proportional to t. What clue does this linear dependence on t provide?

#### In which model is it completely wrong to ignore multiple scattering for the calculation of average angle of scattering of α-particles by a thin foil?

It is wrong to ignore multiple scattering in Thomson’s model for the calculation of average angle of scattering of α−particles by a thin foil. This is because a single collision causes very little deflection in this model. Hence, the observed average scattering angle can be explained only by considering multiple scattering.