NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire (अध्याय 4: मुग़ल साम्राज्य) free to View online or download in PDF form. All the NCERT Solutions are based on latest NCERT Books for the academic session 2019 – 2020. Download NCERT Solutions Apps for offline use.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 4
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The Mughal Empire: Question answers
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7 Social Science – History – Chapter 4: Question Answers
Important Notes and Questions on Chapter 4
Who were the Mughals?
The Mughals were descendants of two great lineages of rulers. From their mother’s side they were descendants of Genghis Khan (died 1227), the Mongol ruler who ruled over parts of China and Central Asia. From their father’s side they were the successors of Timur (died 1404), the ruler of Iran, Iraq and modern-day Turkey.
What was Mughal Military Campaigns?
Babur, the first Mughal emperor (1526-1530), succeeded to the throne of Ferghana in 1494 when he was only 12 years old. He was forced to leave his ancestral throne due to the invasion of another Mongol group, the Uzbegs. After years of wandering he seized Kabul in 1504. In 1526 he defeated the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi, at Panipat and captured Delhi and Agra.
What were Major campaigns and events?
1526 – defeated Ibrahim Lodi and his Afghan supporters at Panipat.
1527 – defeated Rana Sanga, Rajput rulers and allies at Khanua.
1528 – defeated the Rajputs at Chanderi; Established control over Agra and Delhi before his death.
The Mughal Traditions of Succession
The Mughals did not believe in the rule of primogeniture, where the eldest son inherited his father’s estate. Instead they followed the Mughal and Timurid custom of coparcenary inheritance, or a division of the inheritance amongst all the sons.
How was the Mughal Relations with Other Rulers?
Take a look at Table 1 once again. You will notice that the Mughal rulers campaigned constantly against rulers who refused to accept their authority. But as the Mughals became powerful many other rulers also joined them voluntarily. The Rajputs are a good example of this. Many of them married their daughters into Mughal families and received high positions. But many resisted as well.
What do you meant by Mansabdars:
As the empire expanded to encompass different regions the Mughals recruited diverse bodies of people. From a small nucleus of Turkish nobles (Turanis) they expanded to include Iranians, Indian Muslims, Afghans, Rajputs, Marathas and other groups. Those who joined Mughal service were enrolled as mansabdars.