NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science – History – Our Past – II, Geography – Our Environment and Civics – Social and Political Life – II in English Medium free to use or download in PDF form. All the NCERT Solutions are updated for the current academic session 2019-20. Download NCERT Solutions Apps for Class 7 free. Join the Discussion Forum and share your views.

Subject:Social Science
Contents:NCERT Solutions

Table of Contents

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History

Our Past – II

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography

Our Environment

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics
Social and Political Life–II

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science in Hindi Medium will be uploaded very soon for the academic session 2019-20. All the solutions are done properly under the guidance of subject experts. For any error or improvement, please inform us.

Table of Contents

List some of the technological changes associated with this period.

Some of the technological changes associated with this period:
Persian wheel in irrigation.
Fire arms in combat.
Spinning wheel in weaving.
New foods and brewages like potato, corn, chillies, tea and coffee.

What were the two major cities under the control of the Chahamanas?

Two major cities in control of the Chahamanas were Delhi and Ajmer.

What were the steps taken to ensure that muqtis performed their duties? Why do you think they may have wanted to defy the orders of the Sultans?

These steps were:
Their office was not made hereditary.
They were assigned iqtas (Land as salaries) for a short period of time before being transferred.
Accountants were appointed to check the amount of revenue collected by the muftis.
It was checked that mufti collected only those taxes which was by the state.
Mufti may have wanted to defy the orders of the Sultan because they controlled money and military resources and were capable to rebelling against Sultans.

How important was the income from land revenue to the stability of the Mughal Empire?

The income from the land revenue was the linchpin of the Mughal Empire’s economic system
It was the most important source of income, Money, thus, collected was invested on building forts, ward and for the welfare of subjects.
It was so important that for the proper calculation of land revenue, Todar Mal took ten years to carry out detailed research in land revenue accounts.

An inscription in Shah Jahan’s diwan-i khas in Delhi stated: “If there is Paradise on Earth, it is here, it is here, it is here.” How was this image created?

Emperor’s throne was placed in west direction. In Islam it is the direction towards Mecca from India. Therefore, emperor was equated with the place of God in Islam
Everyone who attend the court faced west, a direction faced by Muslim while praying
The depiction of legendary Greek God Orpheus behind the king’s throne the message that the king’s justice would treat the high and low as equals, creating a world where all could live together in harmony.
These features gave the image of Paradise on Earth.

How important were craftspersons for the building and maintenance of temples?

Temples were the places to display the most sophisticated art work. Therefore, the craftsperson were important for the building and maintenance of temple they performed following activities:
The craftsperson of Bidar were so famous for their inlay work in copper and silver that it can be called Bidri.
The Panchalas or Vishwakarma community, consisting of goldsmiths, bronze smiths, masons and carpenters, were essential to the building of temples.
Weavers often donated money to temples.

How did tribal societies change after being organised into a state?

The tribal societies change in the following:
They began to involve a centralised administrative system.
Someone social division within a tribal society also took place.
Tribal kings began to grant land to Brahmanas, poets and scholars.
Tribal kings also wished to be reconised as other famous king of the subcontinent, such as.
Tribal kingdoms began to annex smaller neighbouring kingdoms. For example, Ahom annexed kingdoms of Chhutiyas and Koch-Hajo.
In order to build a large state, Ahom used firearms.
Literary development such as translation of Sanskrit work into local language and writing history in Ahom language were also new developments.

Why do you think ordinary people preserved the memory of Mirabai?

Due to the following reasons, the ordinary people preserved the memory of Mirabai:
She was a queen and devote of Krishna.
She composed innumerable bhajans expressing here intense devotion to his beloved lord.
She left her husband’s but she did not die. This popularized her as being saved by Lord. Thus, her authenticity as a true devotes was proved.
She even drank poison, sent by her husband, but she did not die. This popularised her as being saved by lord. Thus, her authenticity as a true devote.
Her songs openly challenged the nomars of the “upper” castes and become popular with the masses in Rajasthan and Gujarat.

Why do we know much more about the cultural practices of rulers than about those of ordinary people?

Rulers adopted many methods to preserve their achievements, such as, minstrels singing their heroic stories, paintings inscriptions, historical worth, donation to temples, etc., while ordinary people did not do anything to preserve the records of their heroic deeds. Therefore, we know more about the cultural practices of rulers than about those of ordinary people.

How were the Sikhs organised in the eighteenth century?

In the eighteenth century, under a number of able leaders the Sikhs organized themselves into a number of bands called jathas, and later misls. Their combined forces were known as the grand army (dal khalsa).
The entire body met at Amritsar during Baisakhi and Diwali to take collective decisions known as “resolutions of the guru (gurmatas)”.
A system called rakhi was also introduced to offer protection to cultivators on the payment of a tax of 20 percent of the produce.

Which are the two major components of biotic environment?

The two basic components of biotic environment are Plants and Animals.

What are metamorphic rocks?

The types of rocks formed when igneous and sedimentary rocks undergo heat and pressure are called metamorphic rocks.

Some rocks have a shape of a mushroom. Why?

In desert, wind is an active agent for erosion which erode the lower section of the rock more than the upper part. Therefore, some rocks have a shape of a mushroom having narrower base and wider top.

Why does wet clothes take longer time to dry on a humid day?

This happens because on a humid day, there is more water in air than a sunny day. So, air can soak less water from wet clothes i.e., rate of evaporation decreases.

Why is Ocean water salty?

Ocean water is salty because it contains large amount of dissolved salts. Most of the salt is sodium chloride or the common table salt that we eat.

Why do the type and thickness of vegetation change from place to place?

The type and thickness of vegetation changes from place to place due to variation in temperature, altitude, thickness of soil and rainfall at different places.

Today’s world is shrinking. Give reason.

Modern technology has trapped the whole world in its fist. Today’s world is shrinking because of globalization and improved means of transportation and communication. Due to improved communication system, we can talk or get connected with each other in the world at any time by internet, phones etc. Also, the news from all over the world can be known by sitting at one place. We can reach opposite corners of the world in no time due to improved means of transportation. Globalization of markets added flavour to it.
That is why the world has now became small villa or get shrink.

The rainforests are depleting. Give reason.

The rainforests are depleting due to following reasons:
The indigenous population was pushed out for the developmental activities which is leading to the destruction of the rainforests.
Large scale deforestation for construction of roads, industries and houses.
For getting wood from forests in order to increase economical profit.

People of the Sahara desert wear heavy robes. Why?

People of the Sahara desert wear heavy robes as protection against dust storms and hot winds. Sahara is a hot desert therefore dust storms and hot winds of containing sands is common there. It also help them in protection from Sun.

What do you understand by the term “all persons are equal before the law”? Why do you think it is important in a democracy?

The Indian Constitution recognizes every person equal before the law. By the term, “all persons are equal before the law,” we understand equality. Universal Adult Franchise is a concept based on equality. Equality is important in a democracy because democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people. Equality is the essence of democracy. If people are discriminated based on caste, creed, religion, sex, prosperity, etc. the democracy will not survive. Every person irrespective of his caste, religion, economic status, educational status etc. has the same right to be treated with dignity as others.

What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments?

MLAs take part in different debate or discussion on various issues. They ask questions to different ministers of related departments. Sometimes they raise issues in the Assembly and request the government to take measures as soon as possible.
The government departments take action and direct the officials to look into the matter of various issues and do the needful. They try to satisfy the MLAs who ask questions to them by giving proper answers. They assure the Assembly members that urgent steps will be taken to control the situation.

Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?

The Chief Minister and other ministers take decisions and run the government. Whatever decisions being taken by them have to approve by the members of the legislative assembly. In a democracy, these members can ask questions, debate an important issue, decide where money should be spent etc. They have the main authority.
Thus, decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers should be debated in the Legislative Assembly for the benefit of the entire people.

“Poor girls drop out of school because they are not interested in getting an education.” Re-read the last paragraph on page 62 and explain why this statement is not true.

The statement in question is not true because of the following reasons:
There is no facility in rural areas especially in Adiwasi areas.
Not even any proper school nearby their villages.
No teacher in the schools.
No school nearby their homes.
No transport facilities for going to the school which are generally far away.
Families are too poor to afford schooling expenses.
Discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, religion and sex.
Preference to boys only for education.

‘All persons have equal rights to visit any shop in a marketplace.’ Do you think this is true of shops with expensive products? Explain with examples.

All persons have equal rights to visit any shop of their choice in a marketplace. It does not matter whether the shop is expensive with expensive items or an ordinary shop selling cheap items. We are free to visit any shop and see different products and buy if the price suits our pockets. We can explain this point through an example. Kavita and Sujata went to Anzal Mall. They entered a shop that was selling branded ready-made clothes. They looked at some of the dresses and then looked at the price tag. None of them was less than ₹ 2000, almost five times the weekly market price. The price did not suit their pockets. Hence they went to another shop.