NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 Industries (उद्योग) to Study online in English Medium or download NCERT Solutions for the other subjects in PDF form as well as Online study without downloading. Ask Your Questions and reply the questions asked by your friends..


Class:8
Subject:Social Science (Geography)
Chapter 5:Industries

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5

Industries: Question Answers




8 Geography Chapter 5 Industries Solutions

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 Industries (उद्योग)
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 in English medium




8 sst ch. 5 geography

Important Notes on Industries

Industry refers to an economic activity that is concerned with production of goods, extraction of minerals or the provision of services. Thus we have iron and steel industry (production of goods), coal mining industry (extraction of coal) and tourism industry (service provider).

Types of Industries




  • Industries can be classified on the basis of raw materials, size and ownership.
  • Ownership: Industries can be classified into private sector, state owned or public sector, joint sector and cooperative sector.
  • Private sector industries are owned and operated by individuals or a group of individuals.
  • The public sector industries are owned and operated by the government, such as Hindustan Aeronautics Limited and Steel Authority of India Limited.
  • Joint sector industries are owned and operated by the state and individuals or a group of individuals. Maruti Udyog Limited is an example of joint sector industry.
  • Co-operative sector industries are owned and operated by the producers or suppliers of raw materials, workers or both. Anand Milk Union Limited and Sudha Dairy are a success stories of a co-operative venture.



More about Industries
  • Agro based industries use plant and animal based products as their raw materials. Food processing, vegetable oil, cotton textile, dairy products and leather industries are examples of agro-based industries.
  • Marine based industries use products from the sea and oceans as raw materials. Industries processing sea food or manufacturing fish oil are some examples.
  • Forest based industries utilise forest produce as raw materials. The industries associated with forests are pulp and paper, pharmaceuticals, furniture and buildings.
  • Mineral based industries are primary industries that use mineral ores as their raw materials. The products of these industries feed other industries. Iron made from iron ore is the product of mineral based industry. This is used as raw material for the manufacture of a number of other products, such as heavy machinery, building materials and railway coaches.



Risk Reduction Measures
  1. Densely populated residential areas should be separated far away from the industrial areas.
  2. Fire warning and fighting system should be improved.
  3. Storage capacity of toxic substances should be limited.
  4. Pollution dispersion qualities in the industries should be improved.

Which are the main factors which influence the location of an industry?

The following factors influences for the location of an industry:
Availability of land
Proper supply of water
Availability of raw material
Adequate supply of power to run the industry
Availability of man power
Investing capital
Transport facility
Market to supply products

Why cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai?

Cotton textile rapidly expanded in Mumbai because it has most of the favourable conditions for cotton industry like warm and moist climate, facility of port for importing and exporting good and machineries and the availability of cheap and skilled labour.

What are the similarities between information technology industry in Bangalore and California?

The similarities between information technology industry in Bangalore and California are as follows:
Availability of skilled man power
Pleasant climate and clean environment
Well-developed and well-connected industries
Connected to marked properly

Tick the correct answer: Silicon Valley is located in (a) Bangalore (b) California (c) Ahmedabad

(b) California

Tick the correct answer: Which one of the following industries is known as sunrise industry? (a) Iron and steel industry (b)Cotton textile (c) Information technology.

(c) Information technology.

Tick the correct answer: Which one of the following is a natural fibre? (a) nylon (b) jute (c) acrylic.

(b) jute