NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 1 How, When and Where (कैसे, कब और कहाँ) to Study online or download in PDF form free with latest NCERT Books to free download. Download NCERT Solutions for other subjects also.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 1
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How, When and Where: Question Answers
8 History Chapter 1 How, When and Where Solutions
Important Terms on How, When and Where
Importance of Dates
There was a time when people heated debates about the dates on which rulers were crowned or battles were fought. Generally, history was synonymous with dates. History is certainly about changes that occur over time. It is about finding out how things were in the past and how things have changed. As soon as we compare the past with the present we refer to time, we talk of “before” and “after”.
Necessity of Dates
Normally, we do not ask historical questions about what we see around us. We take things for granted, as if what we see has always been in the world we inhabit. But most of us have our moments of wonder, when we are curious, and we ask questions that actually are historical. Sometime, during the journey, we think that when were railways built and how did people travel long distances before the age of railways. Reading the newspaper in the morning we may be curious to know how people got to hear about things before newspapers began to be printed.
In 1817, James Mill, a Scottish economist and political philosopher, published a massive three-volume work, A History of British India. In this he divided Indian history into three periods – Hindu, Muslim and British. This periodisation came to be widely accepted.
British rule represented all the forces of progress and civilisation. The period before British rule was one of darkness.
The British came to conquer the country and establish their rule, subjugating local nawabs and rajas. They established control over the economy and society, collected revenue to meet all their expenses, bought the goods they wanted at low prices, produced crops they needed for export. In this chapter it is given that the changes British rule brought about in values and tastes, customs and practices. When the subjugation of one country by another leads to these kinds of political, economic, social and cultural changes, we refer to the process as colonisation.