NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 6

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 6 Colonialism and the City (उपनिवेशवाद और शहर) to Study online in English Medium based with NCERT Solutions for other subjects also. Ask Your Questions here and reply to your friends to help them.


Class:8
Subject:Social Science (History)
Chapter 6:Colonialism and the City

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 6

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Colonialism and the City: Question Answers




8 History Chapter 6 Colonialism and the City Solutions

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 6 Colonialism and the City
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 6 in English Medium




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Important terms on Colonialism and the City
Cities under Colonial Rule
  • In most parts of the Western world modern cities emerged with industrialisation. In Britain, industrial cities like Leeds and Manchester grew rapidly in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as more and more people sought jobs, housing and other facilities in these places. However, unlike Western Europe, Indian cities did not expand as rapidly in the nineteenth century.
  • In the late eighteenth century, Calcutta, Bombay and Madras rose in importance as Presidency cities. They became the centres of British power in the different regions of India. Many towns manufacturing specialised goods declined due to a drop in the demand for what they produced. Old trading centres and ports could not survive when the flow of trade moved to new centres. Cities such as Machlipatnam, Surat and Seringapatam were deurbanised during the nineteenth century. By the early twentieth century, only 11 per cent of Indians were living in cities.




‘Delhis’ before New Delhi

As many as 14 capital cities were founded in a small area of about 60 square miles on the left bank of the river Jamuna. Of these, the most important are the capital cities built between the twelfth and seventeenth centuries. The most splendid capital of all was built by Shah Jahan. Shahjahanabad was begun in 1639 and consisted of a fort-palace complex and the city adjoining it. Lal Qila or the Red Fort, made of red sandstone, contained the palace complex. The main streets of Chandni Chowk and Faiz Bazaar were broad enough for royal processions to pass. There was no place higher than this mosque within the city then. Delhi during Shah Jahan’s time was also an important centre of Sufi culture. It had several dargahs, khanqahs and idgahs. Open squares, winding lanes, quiet cul-desacs and water channels were the pride of Delhi’s residents.


Making of New Delhi

In 1803, the British gained control of Delhi after defeating the Marathas. Since the capital of British India was Calcutta, the Mughal emperor was allowed to continue living in the palace complex in the Red Fort. The modern city developed only after 1911 when Delhi became the capital of British India.

State whether true or false: In the Western world, modern cities grew with industrialisation.

In the Western world, modern cities grew with industrialisation. True

Fill in the blank: The first structure to successfully use the dome was called the _____________.

The first structure to successfully use the dome was called the minar.

Who lived in the “white” areas in cities such as Madras?

The British lived in the “white” areas in cities such as Madras.

What is meant by de-urbanisation?

The process by which a city declines is called de-urbanisation.

Why did the British choose to hold a grand Durbar in Delhi although it was not the capital?

After the 1857 revolt, the British understood the symbolic importance of Delhi for the Indians. Hence, they choose to hold a grand Durbar in Delhi although it was not the capital.

How did the Old City of Delhi change under British rule?

The famed water canal system of the Old Delhi deteriorated. Growth in population led to further overcrowding. Many havelis were subdivided and sold. The street front of the havelis were turned into shops and warehouses. The drainage system also collapsed.

How did the Partition affect life in Delhi?

Partition resulted in large scale migration of people from both sides of the new border. Most of the Muslims left for Pakistan and Hindus and Sikhs came from Pakistan. The occupations of people changed. A predominantly urban culture which was based on Urdu had changed with the arrival of new people. Many settlement colonies developed for the refugees.

Make a list of at least ten occupations in the city, town or village to which you belong, and find out how long they have existed. What does this tell you about the changes within this area?

The list of ten occupations of my town are as follows:
(i) Carpentry: The latest tools and machine are being used which has improve the quality of the wood items.
(ii) Jewelry-making: Due to demand of latest designs, there have been drastic changes in jewelry making.
(iii) Teaching: The modern technology like computers, mobile, smart board, etc. are being used now a days.
(iv) Agriculture: Now a day, the farming methods have been changed to modern one with the use of machines and fertilizers.
(v) Rearing of animals: The dairy farms have been developed to provide cattle better food to take more production.
(vi) Blacksmith: Using the latest technology, various type of windows, grills, etc., are being prepared as per the requirements.
(vii) Medical store: Due to the availability of medicine of various decease, the death rate is decreased.
(viii) Trade in food items: Food items are now available in different pack with all tests as well as variety.
(ix) Kids sports items: Sports items made up of good quality of material is replaced the toys made by clay and wood stuff.
(x) Textile: The latest methods of machine looms have increased both the quantity as well as quality of textile as compared to the traditional methods.