NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution (अध्याय 1: भारतीय संविधान) (Unit 1 of Social and Political Life – III ) to Study online free with latest NCERT Books to free download. Download NCERT Solutions for other subjects also.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1
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The Indian Constitution: Question Answers
8 Civis Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution Solutions
Important Terms on 8 Civics Chapter 1
Between December 1946 and November 1949, the Constituent Assembly drafted a constitution for independent India. Constituent Assembly approached this task with the great idealism that the freedom struggle had helped produce. A Constitution helps serve as a set of rules and principles that all persons in a country can agree upon as the basis of the way in which they want the country to be governed. This includes not only the type of government but also an agreement on certain ideals that they all believe the country should uphold.
- The country of Nepal has witnessed several people’s struggles for democracy.
In October 2002, King Gyanendra, citing the Maoist uprising in the countryside as his reason, began taking over different aspects of the government with the army’s assistance.
- The King then finally took over as the head of government in February 2005.
- In November 2005, the Maoists joined other political parties to sign a 12-point agreement. In 2006, this people’s movement for democracy began gaining immense force.
- It repeatedly refused the small concessions that the King made and finally in April 2006 the King restored the Third Parliament and asked the political parties to form a government.
- In 2007, Nepal adopted an interim Constitution. The above photos show scenes from the people’s movement for democracy in 2006.
- Federalism: This refers to the existence of more than one level of government in the country. In India, we have governments at the state level and at the centre. Panchayati Raj is the third tier of government.
- Parliamentary Form of Government: The different tiers of government that you just read about consist of representatives who are elected by the people.
- Separation of Powers: According to the Constitution, there are three organs of government. These are the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. The legislature refers to our elected representatives.
- Fundamental Rights: The section on Fundamental Rights has often been referred to as the ‘conscience’ of the Indian Constitution. Fundamental Rights protect citizens against the arbitrary and absolute exercise of power by the State. The Constitution, thus, guarantees the rights of individuals against the State as well as against other individuals.
- Secularism: A secular state is one in which the state does not officially promote any one religion as the state religion.