NCERT Solutions for Class 3 Science Chapter 4 Nestling Habits of Birds all question answers with extra questions for practice session 2023-24 free to download. Birds build nests to live in and to take care of their young ones. In Class 3 Science chapter 4, students will learn the ways and types of nests made by birds. Practice the questions given in exercises to be confident in the chapter.
Study Material for Class 3 Science Chapter 4
Nestling Habits of Birds
Birds need a shelter to protect themselves from heat, cold and rain. They build nests to lay eggs and to raise their young ones. Birds choose their nestling place with great care. Their nests must be safe from enemies and they must protect them from bad weather.
Birds use different kinds of materials like grass, twigs, feathers, papers, hair, leaves and pieces of clothes to build their nests. In India, birds build their nests mostly in the months of February and March. Let us see how some birds build their nests and make them cosy.
The Tailor Bird
The tailor birds are masters in sewing. They use their beaks like a needle to sew leaves. They generally use discarded thread and wool as a sewing material. They also put cotton, wool and dry grass to make their nests more comfortable.
The eagle makes a simple nest by using sticks. It puts them together in the shape of a shallow cup.
A bulbul builds its nest in hedges and bushes. Its nest is like a deep cup. This kind of nest protects the eggs and babies from falling down.
The woodpecker uses its beak to make hole in the tree trunk. It puts some chips of wood inside the hole to make it cozy. This way it makes its nest.
The penguin is a flightless bird. It makes its home on the ground using pebbles and stones.
The vulture gathers a few sticks and simply puts them on a high branch of the tree in the shape of a hollow cup.
The Cuckoo (koel)
The cuckoo (koel) does not build its own nest. It lays its eggs in the nest of another bird like crows. When the young ones hatch out from the eggs, parent crows take care of the young ones. Thus, cuckoo is considered a lazy but clever bird.
Caring for The Young Ones
Birds are good parents. They look after their young ones very carefully. After laying eggs, the mother bird sits on them for many days to keep them warm. The father bird protects them from enemies. Baby birds come out of eggs after a few days.
1. Birds use different kinds of materials to build their nests.
2. The parent birds take care of their young ones.
3. The cuckoo never builds its nest.
4. Birds build nests to lay eggs.
5. Birds build nests in the month of February or March.
6. Woodpecker makes a hole in the bark of a tree with its sharp beak.
7. Coming out of a baby bird from the egg is called hatching.
Select correct option for given Questions:
Match the Following:
|Sparrow||(a) sews leaves to make nest.|
|Woodpecker||(b) does not make a nest.|
|Tailor birds||(c) bottle-shaped nest|
|Cuckoo||(d) make nests in our home.|
|Weaver bird||(e) pecks a hole in a tree trunk|
Fill in the blanks:
1. Birds collect materials with their _____.
2. A partridge makes its nest in the _______.
3. Birds keep their eggs ______.
4. The _____ sews leaves with its beak.
5. The _____ makes a hole in the bark of a tree.
4. tailor bird
Write “True” (T) or “False” (F):
1. The penguin lives in very hot place.
2. The body of the birds are very strong.
3. The young ones of hens can run just after hatching.
4. The cuckoo is a lazy but clever bird.
5. The nest of a woodpecker swings in the air.