Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 9 Adjective and their Kinds

NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 9 Adjective and their Kinds for CBSE and State boards like UP Board, MP Board, Gujrat, Haryana and other boards also. Contents are updated according to latest CBSE Syllabus 2021-2022.

Examples and explanation for all kinds of Adjectives are given in simple sentences, easy to understand.

Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 9 Adjective and their Kinds

Class: 4English Grammar
Chapter: 9Adjectives and its Kinds

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Adjectives

Do you know what the Adjectives are? An adjective is a word which modifies a noun or pronoun by adding something. It is used to describe a noun or pronoun and tells about them. Learn here about the use of adjectives and their kinds with examples. Let us discuss the adjective with the following sentences:

    1. What kind of girl is Priya?
      Priya is a beautiful girl.
    2. What kind of grapes are sweet?
      These grapes are sweet?
    3. How many students are there in your class?
      There are thirty students in my class.
    4. How much rice did you have in lunch?
      I had some rice in lunch.
    5. What type of book is it?
      This is a holy book.
    6. Whose car is that?
      That is his car.

Note: the words in Bold in each of the assertive sentences. They are adjectives. In sentence 1 the word beautiful describes the girl’s quality. In sentence 2 the word these demonstrates the grapes. In sentence 3 the word thirty describes the number of students. In sentence 4, the word some describes the quantity of rice. In sentence 5, the word what asks a question? In sentence 6, the word his shows the belonging or possession of the car.

Kinds of Adjective

adjectives are of six kinds:

    • 1. Adjective of quality
    • 2. Demonstrative adjective
    • 3. Adjective of number
    • 4. Adjective of quantity
    • 5. Adjective of interrogation
    • 6. Adjective of possession
Adjective of Quality

When an adjective describes the quality of someone or something, as in sentence- 1, it is called Adjective of Quality.
Examples:
1. The rose is a beautiful flower.
2. Ryan is a naughty boy.

Note: Adjective of quality answers the question-Of what kind a person or a thing is?

Demonstrative Adjective

When an adjective point to a particular person or thing, as in sentence 2, it is called as Demonstrative Adjective.
1. This pen is mine, that pen is yours.
2. These grapes are sour; those grapes are sweet.

Note: Demonstrative Adjectives answer the Question-Which?




Adjective of Number

When an adjective describes the number definite or indefinite of person or thing, (as in sentences 3) or in what order they stand, it is known as Adjective of Number.
1. Sunday is the first day of the week.
2. December is the last month of the year.
3. I bought two dresses for my birthday.

Note: Adjective of number answer the Question-How many much?

Adjective of Quantity

When an adjective describes the quantity of a thing or person, as in sentence 4, it is known as adjective of quantity.
1. Give me some water.
2. He did not take much time to solve the problem.

Note: Adjective of quantity answers the Question-How much?

adjective of interrogation

When an adjective asks questions as in sentence-5 it is known as adjective of interrogation.
1. What type of movie is it?
2. Which colour do you like the most?

Note: Adjective of interrogation asks question, such as what, which.

adjective of possession

When an adjective describes the belonging of an object, as in sentence-6 it is known as adjective of possession.
1. This is my book.
2. He is your uncle.

Note: Adjective of possession answers the Question–whose?

Check Yourself
A. Pick out all the Adjectives in the following sentences, and mention which kind of adjective each of this is:
    • 1. Few men are free from faults
    • 2. Little learning is a dangerous thing.
    • 3. He was a man of few words and great deeds.
    • 4. He is a stupid boy and has little sense.
    • 5. The old man carries a heavy bag.
    • 6. The young man died a glorious dead.
    • 7. A living ass is better than a dead lion.
    • 8. Half a loaf is better than no bread.
    • 9. The lazy girl failed in the exam.
    • 10. A strong wind blew across the marshy land.
    • 11. There is no picture in this book.
B. Fill in the blanks with suitable adjectives:

1. _________ prize was won by an Indian in the Olympics.
2. _________ animals kill other animals.
3. We should not wear _________ clothes.
4. I don’t like _________ boys.
5. Delhi is a _________ city.
6. Doctors wear _________ dresses.

7. It is a _________ day.
8. Sweepers clean the _________ streets.
9. Platinum is more useful than _________ metal.
10. A _________ man has _________ manners.
11. Ravi could solve the _________ sum in _________ time.

What is an adjective? Explain with the help of example.

An adjective is a word which modifies a noun or pronoun by adding something. It is used to describe a noun or pronoun and tells about them.
examples:
What kind of girl is Priya?
Priya is a beautiful girl.
In this sentence beautiful is an adjective which shows quality of Priya.

How many types of adjective are there?

adjectives are of six kinds:
1. Adjective of quality
2. Demonstrative adjective
3. Adjective of number
4. Adjective of quantity
5. Adjective of interrogation
6. Adjective of possession

What do you mean by Adjective of possession?

When an adjective describes the belonging of an object.
This is my car.

Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 9 Adjective and their Kinds
Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 9
Adjective and their Kinds
Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 9 Assignments