Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 Adjective

NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 Adjective and their comparison for academic session 2021-2022 updated for CBSE and state board students. Learn here about Positive, comparative and Superlative degree of Adjective.

Definition and examples are given for extra practice. Assignments related to each topic also help the students to understand the topic.

Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 Adjective their comparison

Class: 4English Grammar
Chapter: 10Adjective and their Comparision

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Degree of Comparison in Adjective

    • Positive Degree
    • Comparative Degree
    • Superlative Degree

Changing Degree of Adjectives

1. Radha’s voice is sweet.
2. Sneha’s voice is sweeter than Radha’s.
3. Rekha’s voice is the sweetest of all the girls.
In sentence 1, sweet is the adjective in its simple form. Hence it is said to be in the Positive Degree. In sentence 2, sweeter is the adjective denoting a higher degree of the quality than the positive. Hence, it is said to be in the Comparative Degree.
In sentence 3, sweetest is the adjective denoting the highest degree of the quality. Hence it is said to be in the Superlative Degree.




Formation of Comparative and Superlative:

1. Most adjectives form the Comparative by adding ‘er’ and the Superlative by adding ‘est’ to the Positive, as:

Positive Comparative Superlative
Bright brighter brightest
Bold bolder boldest
Clever cleverer cleverest
Dark darker darkest
Deep deeper deepest
Deep deeper deepest
Positive Comparative Superlative
Fast faster fastest
Few fewer fewest
Faint fainter faintest
Great greater greatest
High higher highest
Kind kinder kindest
Positive Comparative Superlative
Long longer longest
Nice nicer nicest
Old older oldest
Old elder eldest
Poor poorer poorest
Rich richer richest
Ugly uglier ugliest
Positive ComparativeSuperlative
Strong stronger strongest
Sharp sharper sharpest
Short shorter shortest
Strong stronger strongest
Weak weaker weakest
Warm warmer warmest
Small smaller smallest

2. When the positive ends in ‘e’, only ‘r’ is added to the Comparative and ‘st’ to the Superlative:

Positive Comparative Superlative
Able abler ablest
Brave braver bravest
Large larger largest
Simple simpler simplest
Wise wiser wisest
Coarse coarser coarsest
Noble nobler noblest

3. When the positive ends in a single consonant preceded by a short vowel, this consonant is doubled before adding ‘er’ to the Comparative and ‘est’ to the Superlative.




Positive Comparative Superlative
Big bigger biggest
Fat fatter fattest
Hot hotter hottest
Sad sadder saddest
Thin thinner thinnest
Wet wetter wettest

4. When the positive ends in ‘y’, preceded by a consonant, the ‘y’ is changed into ‘I’ before ‘er’ to the Comparative and ‘est’ to the Superlative:

Positive Comparative Superlative
Happy happier happiest
Heavy heavier heaviest
Wealthy wealthier wealthiest
Healthy healthier healthiest
Easy easier easiest
Merry merrier merriest

5. Some Adjectives form the Comparative by using ‘more’ with the comparative and the Superlative by using ‘est’ with the Positive.

Positive Comparative Superlative
Proper more proper most proper
Learned more learned most learned
Difficult more difficult most difficult
Splendid more splendid most splendid
Beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
Useful more useful most useful

6. Some Adjectives are compared irregularly i.e., their Comparatives and Superlatives are not formed from the Positives.

Positive Comparative Superlative
Good better best
Well better best
Bad worse worst
Little less least
Much more most
Much more most
Check Yourself
A. Tick (right) the correct word in the brackets:

1. Mount Everest is the ____________ (high/higher/highest) mountain peak in the world.
2. Hippopotamus is ___________. (big/bigger/biggest) than tiger.
3. Chetna is a ______________ (clever/cleverer/cleverest) girl.
4. Rajesh is the ____________ (strong/stronger/strongest) boy in the class.
5. The Ganga is ____________ (long/longer/longest) than Yamuna.

6. Concord is ____________ (fast/faster/fastest) than a Jet.
7. Australia is now the ____________ (good/better/best) cricket team in the world.
8. Einstein is a ____________ (great/greater/greatest) scientist.
9. My brother’s health condition is ________ (bad/worse/worst) than before.
10. A dolphin looks very __________ (pretty/prettier/prettiest).

B. Fill in the blanks with correct degree of adjectives given in the brackets:

1. UAE is the ………….country in the world. (hot)
2. Usha is one of the ____________ teachers in the school. (good)
3. Plastic is ____________ than wood. (light)
4. He is the ____________man in the world. (happy)
5. Raman is the ____________ boy in the group. (tall)
6. My friend is the ____________ boy in the class. (young)

C. Tick (Right) the correct answer:

(i) How many degrees of comparison are_______
(a) One
(b) Two
(c) Five
(d) Four

(ii) Tick (right) the superlative of ‘big’ word
(a) Bigger
(b) big
(c) bier
(d) biggest

What is the degree of adjective in Chapter 10 of Class 4 English Grammar?

Degrees of adjectives: Adjectives are used to describe, identify, modify or quantify nouns or pronouns. Adjectives have three degrees that compare one thing to another. The three degrees of adjectives are:
1. positive,
2. comparative
3. superlative.

What do you know about three forms of words brave and bright in 4th English Grammar?

Positive Comparative Superlative
Brave braver bravest
Bright brighter brightest

What are the words which comparative and superlative degree is not formed by positive in Chapter 10 of 4th English Grammar?

Some Adjectives are compared irregularly i.e., their Comparatives and Superlatives are not formed from the Positives.
Positive Comparative Superlative
Good better best
Well better best
Bad worse worst

NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10
Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 Adjective their comparison




Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10
Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 Adjective their comparison in PDF




Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 in pdf
CBSE Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 Adjective