Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 Adjective
NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 Adjective and their comparison for academic session 2021-2022 updated for CBSE and state board students. Learn here about Positive, comparative and Superlative degree of Adjective.Definition and examples are given for extra practice. Assignments related to each topic also help the students to understand the topic.
Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 Adjective their comparison
|Class: 4||English Grammar|
|Chapter: 10||Adjective and their Comparision|
Degree of Comparison in Adjective
- Positive Degree
- Comparative Degree
- Superlative Degree
Changing Degree of Adjectives
1. Radha’s voice is sweet.
2. Sneha’s voice is sweeter than Radha’s.
3. Rekha’s voice is the sweetest of all the girls.
In sentence 1, sweet is the adjective in its simple form. Hence it is said to be in the Positive Degree. In sentence 2, sweeter is the adjective denoting a higher degree of the quality than the positive. Hence, it is said to be in the Comparative Degree.
In sentence 3, sweetest is the adjective denoting the highest degree of the quality. Hence it is said to be in the Superlative Degree.
Formation of Comparative and Superlative:
1. Most adjectives form the Comparative by adding ‘er’ and the Superlative by adding ‘est’ to the Positive, as:
2. When the positive ends in ‘e’, only ‘r’ is added to the Comparative and ‘st’ to the Superlative:
3. When the positive ends in a single consonant preceded by a short vowel, this consonant is doubled before adding ‘er’ to the Comparative and ‘est’ to the Superlative.
4. When the positive ends in ‘y’, preceded by a consonant, the ‘y’ is changed into ‘I’ before ‘er’ to the Comparative and ‘est’ to the Superlative:
5. Some Adjectives form the Comparative by using ‘more’ with the comparative and the Superlative by using ‘est’ with the Positive.
|Proper||more proper||most proper|
|Learned||more learned||most learned|
|Difficult||more difficult||most difficult|
|Splendid||more splendid||most splendid|
|Beautiful||more beautiful||most beautiful|
|Useful||more useful||most useful|
6. Some Adjectives are compared irregularly i.e., their Comparatives and Superlatives are not formed from the Positives.
A. Tick (right) the correct word in the brackets:
1. Mount Everest is the ____________ (high/higher/highest) mountain peak in the world.
2. Hippopotamus is ___________. (big/bigger/biggest) than tiger.
3. Chetna is a ______________ (clever/cleverer/cleverest) girl.
4. Rajesh is the ____________ (strong/stronger/strongest) boy in the class.
5. The Ganga is ____________ (long/longer/longest) than Yamuna.
6. Concord is ____________ (fast/faster/fastest) than a Jet.
7. Australia is now the ____________ (good/better/best) cricket team in the world.
8. Einstein is a ____________ (great/greater/greatest) scientist.
9. My brother’s health condition is ________ (bad/worse/worst) than before.
10. A dolphin looks very __________ (pretty/prettier/prettiest).
B. Fill in the blanks with correct degree of adjectives given in the brackets:
1. UAE is the ………….country in the world. (hot)
2. Usha is one of the ____________ teachers in the school. (good)
3. Plastic is ____________ than wood. (light)
4. He is the ____________man in the world. (happy)
5. Raman is the ____________ boy in the group. (tall)
6. My friend is the ____________ boy in the class. (young)
C. Tick (Right) the correct answer:
(i) How many degrees of comparison are_______
(ii) Tick (right) the superlative of ‘big’ word
What is the degree of adjective?
Degrees of adjectives: Adjectives are used to describe, identify, modify or quantify nouns or pronouns. Adjectives have three degrees that compare one thing to another. The three degrees of adjectives are: 1. positive,
Write all three forms of words brave and bright.
Positive Comparative Superlative
Brave braver bravest
Bright brighter brightest
Give some examples of words which comparative and superlative degree is not formed by positive.
Some Adjectives are compared irregularly i.e., their Comparatives and Superlatives are not formed from the Positives.
Positive Comparative Superlative
Good better best
Well better best
Bad worse worst