Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 Adjective

NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 Adjective and their comparison for academic session 2021-2022 updated for CBSE and state board students. Learn here about Positive, comparative and Superlative degree of Adjective.

Definition and examples are given for extra practice. Assignments related to each topic also help the students to understand the topic.

Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 10 Adjective their comparison

Class: 4English Grammar
Chapter: 10Adjective and their Comparision

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Degree of Comparison in Adjective

    • Positive Degree
    • Comparative Degree
    • Superlative Degree

Changing Degree of Adjectives

1. Radha’s voice is sweet.
2. Sneha’s voice is sweeter than Radha’s.
3. Rekha’s voice is the sweetest of all the girls.
In sentence 1, sweet is the adjective in its simple form. Hence it is said to be in the Positive Degree. In sentence 2, sweeter is the adjective denoting a higher degree of the quality than the positive. Hence, it is said to be in the Comparative Degree.
In sentence 3, sweetest is the adjective denoting the highest degree of the quality. Hence it is said to be in the Superlative Degree.

Formation of Comparative and Superlative:

1. Most adjectives form the Comparative by adding ‘er’ and the Superlative by adding ‘est’ to the Positive, as:

Positive ComparativeSuperlative
Brightbrighterbrightest
Boldbolderboldest
Clevercleverercleverest
Darkdarkerdarkest
Deepdeeperdeepest
Deepdeeperdeepest
Positive ComparativeSuperlative
Fastfasterfastest
Fewfewerfewest
Faintfainterfaintest
Greatgreatergreatest
Highhigherhighest
Kindkinderkindest
Positive ComparativeSuperlative
Longlongerlongest
Nicenicernicest
Oldolderoldest
Oldeldereldest
Poorpoorerpoorest
Richricherrichest
Uglyuglierugliest




PositiveComparativeSuperlative
Strongstrongerstrongest
Sharpsharpersharpest
Shortshortershortest
Strongstrongerstrongest
Weakweakerweakest
Warmwarmerwarmest
Smallsmallersmallest

2. When the positive ends in ‘e’, only ‘r’ is added to the Comparative and ‘st’ to the Superlative:

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
Ableablerablest
Bravebraverbravest
Largelargerlargest
Simplesimplersimplest
Wisewiserwisest
Coarsecoarsercoarsest
Noblenoblernoblest

3. When the positive ends in a single consonant preceded by a short vowel, this consonant is doubled before adding ‘er’ to the Comparative and ‘est’ to the Superlative.

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
Bigbiggerbiggest
Fatfatterfattest
Hothotterhottest
Sadsaddersaddest
Thinthinnerthinnest
Wetwetterwettest

4. When the positive ends in ‘y’, preceded by a consonant, the ‘y’ is changed into ‘I’ before ‘er’ to the Comparative and ‘est’ to the Superlative:

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
Happyhappierhappiest
Heavyheavierheaviest
Wealthywealthierwealthiest
Healthyhealthierhealthiest
Easyeasiereasiest
Merrymerriermerriest




5. Some Adjectives form the Comparative by using ‘more’ with the comparative and the Superlative by using ‘est’ with the Positive.

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
Propermore propermost proper
Learnedmore learnedmost learned
Difficultmore difficultmost difficult
Splendidmore splendidmost splendid
Beautifulmore beautifulmost beautiful
Usefulmore usefulmost useful

6. Some Adjectives are compared irregularly i.e., their Comparatives and Superlatives are not formed from the Positives.

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
Goodbetterbest
Wellbetterbest
Badworseworst
Littlelessleast
Muchmoremost
Muchmoremost
Check Yourself
A. Tick (right) the correct word in the brackets:

1. Mount Everest is the ____________ (high/higher/highest) mountain peak in the world.
2. Hippopotamus is ___________. (big/bigger/biggest) than tiger.
3. Chetna is a ______________ (clever/cleverer/cleverest) girl.
4. Rajesh is the ____________ (strong/stronger/strongest) boy in the class.
5. The Ganga is ____________ (long/longer/longest) than Yamuna.

6. Concord is ____________ (fast/faster/fastest) than a Jet.
7. Australia is now the ____________ (good/better/best) cricket team in the world.
8. Einstein is a ____________ (great/greater/greatest) scientist.
9. My brother’s health condition is ________ (bad/worse/worst) than before.
10. A dolphin looks very __________ (pretty/prettier/prettiest).

B. Fill in the blanks with correct degree of adjectives given in the brackets:

1. UAE is the ………….country in the world. (hot)
2. Usha is one of the ____________ teachers in the school. (good)
3. Plastic is ____________ than wood. (light)
4. He is the ____________man in the world. (happy)
5. Raman is the ____________ boy in the group. (tall)
6. My friend is the ____________ boy in the class. (young)

C. Tick (Right) the correct answer:

(i) How many degrees of comparison are_______
(a) One
(b) Two
(c) Five
(d) Four

(ii) Tick (right) the superlative of ‘big’ word
(a) Bigger
(b) big
(c) bier
(d) biggest

What is the degree of adjective?

Degrees of adjectives: Adjectives are used to describe, identify, modify or quantify nouns or pronouns. Adjectives have three degrees that compare one thing to another. The three degrees of adjectives are: 1. positive,
2. comparative
3. superlative.

Write all three forms of words brave and bright.

Positive Comparative Superlative
Brave braver bravest
Bright brighter brightest

Give some examples of words which comparative and superlative degree is not formed by positive.

Some Adjectives are compared irregularly i.e., their Comparatives and Superlatives are not formed from the Positives.
Positive Comparative Superlative
Good better best
Well better best
Bad worse worst

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