NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Indian Economic Development Chapter 8 MCQ Infrastructure with extra important questions for session 2023-24. Students of class 12 can take help of Economics chapter 8 Multiple Choice Questions for the preparation of exams.

Class 12 Indian Economic Development Chapter 8 MCQ


The state known as God’s own country

[A]. Karnataka
[B]. Kerala
[C]. Kashmir
[D]. Goa

Energy generated by sun is known as

[A]. Wind energy
[B]. Electricity
[C]. Solar energy
[D]. Natural gas

LPG is an example of

[A]. Bio-energy
[B]. Solar energy
[C]. Natural gas
[D]. Wind energy

Electricity generated from a radioactive element is called

[A]. Thermal energy
[B]. Tide energy
[C]. Hydro energy
[D]. Atomic energy

Power – Electricity and Some Challenges in Power Sector

The most visible variety of energy, that is usually known with progress in trendy civilisation, is power, ordinary referred to as electricity. It’s an essential part of infrastructure that determines the economic development of a rustic. The expansion rate of demand for power is mostly above than value rate. Studies imply that so as to own 8 percent GDP value each year, power provide must to grow around 12 percent annually.

In India, in 2018, thermal sources accounted for 82 percent of the power generation capability. Hydro power accounted for 8.5 percent, whereas nuclear energy accounted for under 2.5 percent. India’s energy policy encourages 3 energy sources; solar, hydro, and wind; as they are doing not supposed on fossil fuel and, Hence, avoid carbon emissions.

Class 12 Indian Economic Development Chapter 8 Important Question Answers

What is infrastructure?

Infrastructure provides supporting services in the main areas of industrial and agricultural production, domestic and foreign trade and commerce. These services include roads, railways, ports, airports, dams, power stations, oil and gas pipelines, telecommunication facilities, the country’s educational system including schools and colleges, health system including hospitals, sanitary system including clean drinking water facilities and the monetary system including banks, insurance and other financial institutions.

What is the relevance of infrastructure?

Infrastructure is the support system on which depends the efficient working of a modern industrial economy. Modern agriculture also largely depends on it for speedy and large-scale transport of seeds, pesticides, fertilisers and the produce using modern roadways, railways and shipping facilities. In recent times, agriculture also depends on insurance and banking facilities because of its need to operate on a very large scale.

What is Energy?

Energy is a critical aspect of the development process of a nation. It is, of course, essential for industries. Now it is used on a large scale in agriculture and related areas like production and transportation of fertilisers, pesticides and farm equipment. It is required in houses for cooking, household lighting and heating. There are commercial and non-commercial sources of energy. Commercial sources are coal, petroleum and electricity as they are bought and sold. Non-commercial sources of energy are fuelwood, agricultural waste and dried dung. These are non- commercial as they are not available in the market on a large scale.

Describe about the power distribution case in Delhi.

Since Independence, power management in the national capital has changed hands four times. The Delhi State Electricity Board (DSEB) was set up in 1951. This was succeeded by the Delhi Electric Supply Undertaking (DESU) in 1958. The Delhi Vidyut Board (DVB) came into existence as SEB in February 1997. Now, the distribution of electricity vests with two leading Private sector companies — Reliance Energy Limited (BSES Rajdhani Power Limited and BSES Yamuna Power Limited) and Tata Power Limited (NDPL). They supply electricity to approximately 46 lakh customers in Delhi. The tariff structure and other regulatory issues are monitored by the Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission (DERC). Though it was expected that there will be greater improvement in power distribution and the consumers will benefit in a major way, experience shows unsatisfactory results.

What is ‘state of health infrastructure’?

The government has the constitutional obligation to guide and regulate all health-related issues, such as medical education, adulteration of food, drugs and poisons, medical profession, vital statistics, mental deficiency and lunacy. The Union Government evolves broad policies and plans through the Central Council of Health and Family Welfare. It collects information and renders financial and technical assistance to State governments, Union Territories and other bodies for the implementation of important health programmes in the country.

Other Energy Sources and its features

Yet, this has not resulted in quicker growth of electricity made from these sources. Energy is crucial supply of electrical power; it has economic benefits. At present, energy accounts for under 2.5 percent of the entire energy consumption, against a world’s average of 13 percent. This can be way too low. Some Challenges within the Power Sector: Electricity generated by numerous power plants isn’t consumed entirely by final consumers; a part is consumed by power station auxiliaries. Also, whereas sending power, some is lost in transmission.

Class 12 Indian Economics Chapter 8 Multiple Choice Questions


Power generated using water is called

[A]. Atomic power
[B]. Thermal power
[C]. Hydroelectric power
[D]. None of the above

Which of the following is not a commercial source of energy

[A]. Coal
[B]. Petroleum
[C]. Dried dung
[D]. Electricity

ISM stands for

[A]. Indian system of medicine
[B]. International system of medicine
[C]. Indian standard of medicine
[D]. None of these

The highest user of commercial energy is

[A]. Agriculture
[B]. Industry
[C]. Transport
[D]. Household

Major challenges of distribution of Energy

What we have a tendency get in our homes, offices and factories is that the net accessibility. A number of of the challenges that India’s power sector faces these days are — (i) India’s put in capability to come up with electricity isn’t spare to feed the high economic process. (ii) State Electricity Boards (SEBs), that distribute electricity, incur losses exceed `20,000 crores.

This can be thanks to transmission and distribution losses, wrong evaluation of electricity and alternative inefficiencies. (iii) non-public sector power generators however to play their role in a very major way; same is that the case with foreign investors (iv) there’s general public unrest thanks to high power tariffs and prolonged power cuts in numerous components of the country, and (v) thermal power plants, which are the mainstay of India’s power sector face shortage of material and coal provides.


Since 2020, because of Covid 19 Pandemic you’re alert to the requirement for keeping our hands washed, carrying masks and following social distance. Health isn’t solely absence of unwellness however conjointly the power to grasp one’s potential. It’s a yardstick of one’s well-being. Health is that the holistic method associated with the growth and development of the state. Although the 20th century has seen a world transformation in human health unmatched in history, it should be tough to outline the health standing of a nation in terms of one set of measures.

Multidirectional development of Health sector

It’s the responsibility of the govt to make sure the correct healthy living. Health infrastructure includes hospitals, doctors, nurses and different para-medical professionals, beds, instrumentality needed in hospitals and a well-developed pharmaceutical business. It’s conjointly true that mere presence of health infrastructure isn’t ample to possess healthy individuals. An equivalent ought to be accessible to any or all individuals. Since, the initial stages of planned development, policy-makers envisaged that no individual ought to fail to secure medical aid, curative and preventive, due to the lack to pay money for it.

Formally regulated health sector

The govt has the constitutional obligation to guide and regulate all health-related problems, like medical education, adulteration of food, medicines and poisons, health profession, static retardation, retardation and lunacy. The Union Government evolves broad policies and plans through the Central Council of Health and Family Welfare.

It collects info and renders monetary and technical help to State governments, Union Territories and different bodies for the implementation of necessary health programmes in the country. In recent times, whereas the general public health sector has not been thus fortunate in delivering the products, non-public sector has grown-up by leaps and bounds.