Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Important Questions of Changes Around Us. Questions are taken from intext paragraphs of NCERT Books for class 6 Science. All the questions are important for the examination point of view. Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Extra Questions Answers are useful for revision also. It provides a complete revision for the preparation of exams or class tests.
Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Important Questions for 2022-2023
|Chapter: 6||Changes Around Us.|
|Contents:||Important Questions and Answers|
Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Important Extra Questions Set – 1
Which type of changes you can see around us?
Many changes are taking place around us on their own. In the fields, the crop changes from time to time. Sometimes, leaves fall from trees, changes color and dry out. The flowers bloom and then wither away.
What do you mean by “reversible changes”? Give some examples.
Changes around us can be grouped as those that can be reversed and those that cannot be reversed.
Reversible changes a change in which the original substance can be recovered. As examples, folding of a paper, rolling out of a chapati from a ball of dough, stretching of rubber to its normal size, melting of ice.
How is the iron blade fixed (hoe, spade, axe) to the wooden handle?
The iron blade of these tools has a ring in which wooden handle is fixed. Normally, the ring is slightly smaller in size than the wooden handle. To fix the handle, the ring is heated and it expands to become larger in size and now the handle easily fits into the expanded ring. On cooling the ring, it contracts and fits tightly onto the handle.
You have seen that construction workers heat a black material called coal tar, for repairing a rode. State whether the change which has occurred in coal tar on being heated is reversible or irreversible.
The melting of coal tar is a reversible change because when coal tar is heated, it melts and is converted into thick dark liquid which again solidified on cooling.
Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Important Extra Questions Set – 2
How does a blacksmith change a piece of iron into different tools and what change takes place in iron, on being heated?
The heating of iron is a reversible change. When a blacksmith first he heats a piece of iron it becomes red hot. It then becomes soft and can be beaten into desired shape.
When salt is dissolved in water, what change is happening at the end?
Salt dissolving in water is a physical change. The chemical composition of the salt is not changed after dissolution.
Write some changes observed by you in our everyday life.
Some of the important changes happens in our everyday life are: formation of curd from milk, cooking of food, burning of fuels, drying of clothes, rusting of iron, melting of ice, germination of seeds, ripening of fruits etc.
What do you mean by “Reversible change”? Give example.
A change which can be reversed to form the original substance is called a “Reversible change”. As an example, when we heat ice, it melts to form liquid water. A change from solid to liquid takes place during the melting of ice. Now, if we cool the water by keeping in the freezer of a refrigerator, it again changes into solid ice. So, the change from ice to water, by heating, has been reversed by cooling. Thus, the melting of ice (to form water) is a reversible change.
What type of change involved in different kinds of things?
Changes involve different kinds of alterations in the things around us. When a change takes place, there may be a change in the state, position, shape, size, color, temperature, composition or structure of the material of the object.
Here is an example, when ice melts, it forms water. Now, we know that ice is a solid whereas water is a liquid. So, the melting of ice involves a change in state (from solid state to liquid state).
Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Important Extra Questions Set – 3
Can we say that the change of state is a reversible change?
When ice changes into water, then there is a change from solid state to liquid state. And when water changes into steam, then there is a change from liquid state to gaseous state. In all of the three state, the water does not change in a new substance. Only water makes a different form of state. Form of water can be reversed easily. So, in general we can say that change of state is a reversible change.
“The stretching of rubber band is reversible change”. Explain.
If we stretch a rubber band with the force of our hands, it undergoes a change and its length increases. But on releasing the force, the rubber band comes back to its original length. This means that the change which occurred in rubber band on stretching has been reversed on releasing. So, the stretching of rubber band is a reversible change. Similarly, the stretching of a spring is also a reversible change.
Boojho wants to know that dissolving salt in water is a reversible change. How?
Take some salt and dissolve it in water taken in a beaker. A salt solution is formed. A change has occurred in salt during the formation of salt solution (because salt has disappeared into water). This change can, however, be reversed as follows: keep the beaker containing salt solution over a burner and evaporate it. On evaporation, water is eliminated and salt is left behind. Thus, dissolving salt in water is a reversible change.
Paheli is surprised to know that the setting of cement on mixing with water is an “Irreversible Change”. How?
When water is added to cement, it sets into a hard mass after sometime. If a bag of cement lying in the open gets wet due to rain during the night, some changes occur in cement due to which it gradually sets into a hard mass. Even if, we keep the wet cement in bright sunshine the next day, the changes which have taken place in cement on getting wet, cannot be reversed. Thus, the setting of cement on mixing with water is an “irreversible change”.
How do you say that heat is the cause of melting of ice?
When we heat ice, it melts to form liquid water. A change from solid to liquid takes place during the melting of ice. Now, if we cool the water by keeping in the freezer of a refrigerator, it again changes into solid ice. So, the change from ice to water, by heating. Thus, heat is the cause of the change of state of ice from solid to liquid.
Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Important Extra Questions Set – 4
One of the Paheli’s friend want to know that why does formation of curd from milk considered as “irreversible change”.
Curd is made from milk. This is done as, a very small quantity of previously made curd is added to warm milk. The milk is then stirred and keep aside for a few hours at warm place. During this time, milk changes into curd. This curd, however cannot be changed back into milk by any means. The taste of curd is quite sour while milk does not. So, the formation of curd from milk is an in irreversible change which cannot be reversed.
Why the breaking of a toy is called an “Irreversible change”?
If we drop a toy accidentally, it breaks into a number of pieces. We cannot get back original toy again from the broken pieces. This means that the change which takes place during the breaking of a toy, cannot be reversed. In other words, the breaking of a toy is an “Irreversible change”.
How does the setting of Plaster of Paris (POP) on mixing water is an “Irreversible change”? Explain.
Plaster of Paris is a white, powdery substance which immediately sets to a hard mass on adding water to it. In hospitals, a thick coat of the paste of plaster of paris is applied over the bandage on the fractured bone of a person. POP sets and becomes hard on drying and keeps the fractured bone in place to get joined properly. The change which occurs in POP during setting cannot be reversed. Thus, the setting of plaster of paris on mixture water is an “Irreversible change”.
Paheli wants to know that why does the burning of wax is an “Irreversible change”?
A candle is made of wax. We take a small wax candle and measure its length with a scale. Now, lighted it with a burning matchstick. Allow the candle to burn for some time (15 to 20 minutes). Now, blow out the burning candle and measure its length again. We will find that the length of this remaining candle is much less than its original length. This happens as, when we light the candle, then the wax present in it starts burning to produce heat and light. The burning of wax also produces carbon dioxide gas, water vapour and soot (unburned carbon particles), which all go into air. We cannot combine all the products of burning of wax to get back the original candle. So, the burning of wax is an “Irreversible change”. In other words, burning of wax is a change which cannot be reversed.
What is “irreversible change”? Give example.
A change which cannot be reversed to form the original substance is called an “Irreversible change”.
As an example, if we burn a piece of paper, it changes into ash and smoke. Now, we cannot combine the ash and smoke to form the original piece of paper. So, the burning of paper is a change which cannot be reversed. In other words, the burning of paper is an “Irreversible change”.
Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Important Extra Questions Set – 5
To walk through a waterlogged area, you usually shorten the length of your dress by folding it. Can this change be reversed?
Yes, by unfolding the dress this change can be reversed.
A piece of iron is heated till it becomes red hot. It then becomes soft and is beaten to a desired shape. What kind of changes are observed in this process, reversible or irreversible?
The softening of iron on heating to red hot stage is a reversible change. And when the hot iron is cooled, it becomes hard again.
A drawing sheet changes when you draw a picture on it. Can you reverse this change?
It is all depends on situations:
i)By raising the drawing we can undo the change. For example, if we draw with the help of pencil, we can erase the drawing by using an eraser. Then, it is a reversible change.
ii)If we draw using a pen, we cannot erase the drawing. Then this change cannot be reversed, so it is irreversible change.
You accidentally dropped your favourite toy and broke it. This is a change you did not want. Can this change be reversed?
No, it cannot be reversed, so it is an “Irreversible change”.
A potter working on his wheel shaped a lump of clay into a pot. He then baked the pot in an oven. Do these two acts lead to the same kind of changes or different? Give your opinion and justify your answer.
These two acts are of different kinds. Making a lump of clay into a pot is a reversible change. This is because the wet clay pot can be converted back into the original clay. The baking of clay pot in an oven, is an irreversible change. This is because the baked clay pot cannot be changed back into the original clay.
Expansion and contraction is a reversible change
When an object is heated, it increases in size. The increase in size on heating, is called “expansion”. The expansion of an object on heating, is a reversible change. This is because when the hot object is cooled, it decreases in size and comes back to the original size.
The decrease in size of an object on cooling, is called contraction. Thus, in most simple terms, expansion means increase in size and contraction means decrease in size. Both expansion and contraction are reversible change.