Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 3 Important Questions

Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 3 Important Questions of Glimpses of the Past. Practice here with the extra questions and answers for the preparation of the school unit tests and terminal exams.

Class 8 English Chapter 3 Extra Questions are the collection of short and long answers, one word answers type questions. These are helpful for all the students for the revision of chapter for school exams 2020-2021.

Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 3 Important Extra Questions

Class: 8English (Honeydew)
Chapter: 3Glimpses of the Past.
Contents:Important Question Answers

Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 3 Extra Question for 2020-2021

Class 8 English Chapter 3 Important Extra Questions Set – 1

What was the supremacy of East India Company in war?

East India company intruded with powerful weapons and thus defeated the Indian princely states easily.

What was the resentment of common people?

Common people were tired of wars, loots by thugs, and the tyranny of princely states.

Who was Tipu Sultan? What happened to him?

Tipu Sultan was a far-seeing ruler of Mysore. He was dead against the British and their policies. He fought them till he died fighting.

What was Regulation III?

In 1818, the British had passed Regulation III. Under this Regulation, an Indian could be jailed without trial in a court.

How did the British destroy the farmers and businessmen?

The British implemented various laws to make more profits. They imposed heavy taxes on the peasants which forced farmers to abandon their lands. The British were taking their crops and if anyone dared not to pay them, then the British would send them to jail. Not only the farmers, but the businessmen in India were affected too. The British East India Company decided that the good that was manufactured in England should not have any import duty when it was being brought to India. Thus, this destroyed the Indian industries. This ruined the artisans and lead to the famine which happened between 1822 and 1836.

Class 8 English Chapter 3 Important Extra Questions Set – 2

What did Macaulay suggest in 1835?

An Englishman Macaulay suggested that Indians should be taught through the English language.

How did the British East India Company extend its power in India?

The Indians were not united. The Indian princes were short-sighted. They fought amongst each other. To defeat the other Kings, they called The British and ultimately defeated them.

How did India turn socially superstitious? Discuss untouchability and child marriage?

The religious leaders preached ideas like untouchability and child marriage. They spread false information. According to them, anyone who crossed the seas would lose his religion. Not only that, they believed that the misery that happened at that time was only because of the women.
Untouchability and child marriage were the social stigma that was prevalent at that time. Untouchability is an act that discriminates among people based on their caste. Child marriage is a practice in which the marriage is done at a very young age.

How did the common folk react to the British conquests?

The common folk wanted to lead peaceful lives. So they were happy to have a stable rule. However, people also realized that the king and princes were of their motherland.

Why did Ram Mohan Ray visit England?

Ram Mohan Roy had great respect for every religion. He was attracted by science and modernity. He felt that knowledge should be practical and scientific.

Class 8 English Chapter 3 Important Extra Questions Set – 3

What were the social and religious malpractices that prevailed during British rule?

Religious leaders preached ideas like untouchability, child marriage, and against womenfolk. Social and religious degradation had started pushing women inside their homes.

Why were the Britishers termed as “oppressors”?

Britishers turned apathetic towards Indians. They passed regulation III in 1818 where they could put Indians to jail without trial in a court. Any British official was paid off beyond measures. Indian industries were dying because of the heavy imports of British goods.

What was Macaulay’s proposal for the Indian education system?

Before 1835, education in India was in Persian and Sanskrit. Macaulay proposed to educate the students in the English language to make them understand English and to work as clerks in their offices.

What forces worked as “sparks” before the Revolt in 1857?

Heavy taxes were levied on the farmers. They were losing their lands. Industries were dying as expert bulk was cheaper. Discrimination in British and Indian armed forces brought discontentment amongst Indian forces.

What was the significance of sending chapattis and lotus flowers?

Sepoys revolted against the tyranny and discrimination of officials. So they decided to unite themselves to revolt against exploitation by sending secret messages as chappatis and lotus flowers.

Class 8 English Chapter 3 Important Extra Questions Set – 4

What brought various rulers to fight together?

Various rulers came under one flag. The patriots pounced upon the British and fought pitched battles all over North India.

Look at picture 1 and recall the opening lines of the original song in Hindi. Who is the singer? Who else do you see in this picture?

The original song is “Ae mere Watan ke logon…”. The singer is Lata Mangeshkar. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Lai Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Bahadur Shah Zafar, Rani Laxmi Bai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh, Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi are also seen in the picture.

In picture 2 what do you understand by the company’s “Superior weapon”?

The East India Company conquered India by using their superior weapons, the guns and diplomacy.

Which picture, according to you, reveals the first sparks of the fire of revolt?

Picture 7 ‘The sparks’ reveals the first speak of the fire of revolt.

Who is an artisan? Why do you think the artisans suffered?

An artisan is a person who crafts items that may be functional or strictly decorative. The artisans suffered because the British were extracting very high taxes from them, which crippled them economically. Moreover, machine manufactured goods were imported from Britain and were sold extensively at low prices which ended the business of the hand-made goods.

Class 8 English Chapter 3 Important Extra Questions Set – 5

Do you think the Indian princes were short-sighted in their approach to the events of 1857?

Yes, the Indian Princes were short-sighted in their approach. They fought against each other with the help of the British. Thus the British became the virtual rulers.

How did the East India Company subdue the Indian princes?

The Indian princes were constantly at war with each other. They called the English merchants to help them in their fights. The people had no peace due to such constant fights. The rivalries helped the East India Company subdue the Indian princes one by one.

Quote the words used by Ram Mohan Roy to say that every religion teaches the same principles.

Ram Mohan Roy said, “Cows are of different colours but the colour of their milk is the same”. Similarity different religious preachers may sound different but the real meaning and lesson from them are always the same.

In what ways did the British officers exploit Indians?

The British rulers passed a resolution under which an Indian could be sent to jail without trial in a court. The goods manufactured in England were exempted from customs duty. The officers prospered on the company’s loot and their private business flourished.

Why is it important to show the students “Glimpses of the past”?

History describes the reasons and existence of the present. A society develops various traits and traditions that incurred changes according to time. The analysis of past glory and erroneous mistakes and habits helps to understand the persisting trails. A glorious past and values bind society. Whatever a student learns, he analyses those facts and acts according to his progressive society. Negative and unwanted elements can be uprooted.

Who is more responsible for exploitation during British rule – Indians or Britishers?

The lesson discusses British rule, patriotism, and exploitation. Initially, Indian states were divided and were favoring East India Company. They were enraged. Thus, East India Company, who came as traders, settled as rulers. They exploited every bit of the country. Soon people get flustered, by the foreign and united themselves against the rule. They sacrificed their lives, to save their motherland. Initially, Indians fought against each other but later united against all odds.

Name these people
    • (i) The ruler who fought pitched battles against the British and died fighting.
    • (ii) The person who wanted to reform the society.’
    • (iii) The person Who recommended the introduction of English education in India.
    • (iv) Two popular leaders who led the revolt (Choices may vary.)
Mention the following
    1. Two examples of social practices prevailing then.
    2. Two oppressive policies of the British.
    3. Two ways in which common people suffered.
    4. Four reasons for the discontent that led to the 1857 War of Independence.

Answers of “Name these people”
(i) Tipu Sultan of Mysore.
(ii) Raja Ram Mohan Roy of Bengal
(iii) Lord Macaulay
(iv) Nana Sahib Peshwa, Kunwar Singh, Begum Hazrat Mahal.

Answers of “Mention the following”
1. Child marriage and the Sati system
2. Highland revenue taxes. The Indians could be sent to jail without trial in a court.
3. People lost their livelihood because of cheaper imports from England. More taxes on farmers led them to abandon their lands.
The Indians were given pittance and slow promotions in Government jobs.
They took heavy taxes from the farmers, which ruined them.
They snatched the kingdom of old rulers.
They cut the thumbs of expert artisans and imported British goods without import duty of India.