NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Sociology Part 2 Chapter 4 MCQ Introducing Western Sociologists with answers for CBSE Exams 2022-2023. Grade 11 Sociology Part II Understanding Society chapter 4 multiple choice questions are helpful during revision to be confident during the exams.

Class 11 Sociology Part 2 Chapter 4 MCQ Explanation

Q1

Which of the following best describes anomie?

[A]. A hypothetical model that sociologists use to evaluate real-world cases
[B]. A society’s loss of direction when social control of individual behavior is ineffective
[C]. A research classification system including at least two categories
[D]. A disorder similar to depression that frequently results in suicide
Q2

Which sociologist did not consider that religion has a functional role in society?

[A]. Page and MacIver
[B]. Karl Marx
[C]. Talcott Parsons
[D]. Emile Durkhiem
Q3

Which of the following is a manifest function of universities?

[A]. To prepare people for professional careers
[B]. To provide opportunities for people to find their future spouses
[C]. To give students enough time to exercise
[D]. To maintain the economic status quo
Q4

Researchers have found that married people are less likely to commit suicide than divorced people. In this example, suicide is a

[A]. Index
[B]. Hypothesis
[C]. Dependent variable
[D]. Independent variable

The study of the interrelationships among people in their spatial setting and physical environment is known as
[A] Environmental psychology
[B] Human ecology
[C] Epidemiology
[D] Anthropology
Solution:
[B] Human ecology
Human geography or anthropogeography is the branch of geography that is associated and deals with humans and their relationships with communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across locations.

Class 11 Sociology Part 2 Chapter 4 MCQ with Answers

Q5

Sam, an American, assumes that the American culture and way of life are the norm and superior to all others. This is an example of

[A]. Culture shock
[B]. Stereotyping
[C]. Ethnocentrism
[D]. Endogamy
Q6

Emily, age 8, is able to grasp her own social position as well as that of the people around her. She begins to consider several tasks and relationships simultaneously. According to George Herbert Mead’s theory, Emily is at the ________ stage.

[A]. Play
[B]. Game
[C]. Imitative
[D]. Preparatory
Q7

George is on a date with Pat. He tries to behave in a way that will make Pat like him and want to go out again. George is engaging in

[A]. Face-work
[B]. Instrumental deception
[C]. Ambassador socialization
[D]. Impression management
Q8

People who work at a specific task are more likely to become highly skilled and perform the job with maximum efficiency. This is the rationale for which of the following characteristics of a bureaucracy?

[A]. Division of labor
[B]. Hierarchy of authority
[C]. Written rules and regulations
[D]. Employment based on technical qualifications

Which term refers to the use or threat of violence against random or symbolic targets in pursuit of political aims?
[A] Guerrilla warfare
[B] Terrorism
[C] Protest
[D] Politics
Solution:
[B] Terrorism
Department of Defense Dictionary of Military Terms defines terrorism as: The calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological. State Terrorism.

Class 11 Sociology Part 2 Chapter 4 Multiple Choice Questions
Q9

Which of the following is among the things announced in the 1835 resolution by Bentick? I. Establishment of teacher training institutes. II. Persian was abolished as a court language.

[A]. Both I and II
[B]. Neither I nor II
[C]. Only I
[D]. Only II
Q10

A society that moves from having high birth and death rates to having low birth and death rates has experienced ________ transition.

[A]. Economic
[B]. Population
[C]. Agricultural
[D]. Demographic
Q11

The system by which groups of people are ranked in a society on the basis of power and economic wealth is known as

[A]. Status
[B]. Hypergamy
[C]. Social mobility
[D]. Stratification
Q12

According to world systems analysis, where are poor and developing nations found?

[A]. On the periphery
[B]. On the semiperiphery
[C]. In external areas
[D]. At the center

Smithville Church is a training ground for community leaders and helps its members improve their interpersonal skills. These are examples of the church’s
[A] Manifest functions
[B] Manifest dysfunctions
[C] latent functions
[D] latent dysfunctions
Solution:
[C] latent functions
Which of the following would you say best characterizes sociology’s main goal? Sociology primarily attempts to understand and explain the impact of social forces.

Class 11 Sociology Part 2 Chapter 4 Important MCQs
Q13

A negative attitude toward an entire category of people is known as

[A]. Prejudice
[B]. Racism
[C]. Exploitation
[D]. Discrimination
Q14

Juana, a Latina engineer, mentors Daniel, a young White engineer. According to the contact hypothesis, what might be the result of this scenario?

[A]. It might facilitate the operation of sexism as well as racism.
[B]. It might increase stereotypes rather than reduce them.
[C]. It might encourage Juana to engage in color-blind racism.
[D]. It might cause Juana and Daniel to become less prejudiced.
Q15

The ______ perspective had the most influence on the feminist perspective.

[A]. Global
[B]. Conflict
[C]. Functionalist
[D]. Interactionist
Q16

According to George Polya, how many types of objectives in mathematics are there for school education?

[A]. Four
[B]. Five
[C]. Three
[D]. Two

________ descent is a kinship system that traces descent through the relatives of the mother.
[A] Bilineal
[B] Matrilineal
[C] Trilineal
[D] Patrilineal
Solution:
[B] Matrilineal
Bilateral descent is a system of family lineage in which the relatives on the mother’s side and father’s side are equally important for emotional ties or for transfer of property or wealth.

Suzanne seeks to become friends with Thomas because he has connections to a career opportunity. This is an example of
[A] Socialization
[B] Bureaucracy
[C] Expressiveness
[D] Instrumentality
Solution:
[D] Instrumentality
It is referred to as means or agency to get done something like Suzanne is willing to be friends with Thomas because he has the means and connections for career.