NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21

NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21 Like Father, Like Daughter all question answers given in chapter end exercises and in-between the chapter. All the contents are updated for new academic session 2021-2022 CBSE and other state boards who are using NCERT Books as a course books.

Here we will learn the similar habits of a daughter (Ashima) with his father. Extra questions prepared for the revision of the chapter during the exams.

NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21

Class 5 EVS Chapter 21 Question Answers Set 1

What are family traits?

Family traits are the ways in which family members look like alike. You may have your hair colour as your mother or your eye colour as your father. That mean that your hair and eye colour are family traits. You pass your family traits to your own children.

Whose habits and character do we take?

We take the habits and character of our family members.

When and where was Mendel born?

Gregor Mendel was born in a poor farmer’s family in Austria in 1822.

Who are identical twins?

Two people who are born together and look alike are called identical twins. Identical twins generally have the same sex, eye and hair colour, as well as blood type. Their physical features are absolutely same, with most twins having an exact face of the other.

Why did Gregor Mendel want to become a monk?

He wanted to become a monk because he was very fond of studies but the very thought of examinations made him nervous He did not have money to study at the University so he thought of becoming a ‘monk’ in a monastery as he thought that from the monastery he would be sent to study further.

Question:
What did Mendel discover in the pea plants?
Answer:
Mendel found out that following things in the pea plant:

    • It had some traits which come in pairs. Like the seed is either rough or smooth. It is either yellow or green, and the height of the plant is either tall or short.
    • The next generation (the children) of a plant will also be either rough or smooth. There is no seed which is mixed– a bit smooth and a bit rough.
    • He found the same with colour. Seeds which are either green or yellow give rise to new seeds which are either green or yellow.
    • The next generation does not have seeds with a mixed new colour made from both green and yellow.
    • Mendel showed that in the next generation of pea plants there will be more plants having yellow seeds. He also showed that the next generation will have more plants with smooth seeds.

Class 5 EVS Chapter 21 Question Answers Set 2

Who is an adopted child?

An adopted child is the lawful child of the parents who adopt him/her with the same rights, privileges and responsibilities as that of a biological child. As per the adoption order which is issued by the Court, the adoptive parents become parents of the child.

Which part of the body will be affected by polio?

Polio is a viral disease which affects the spinal cord and causes muscle weakness and paralysis. The polio virus enters the body through the mouth, usually from hands contaminated with the stool of an infected person.

What is pulse polio?

Pulse polio is a programme that is run by the government to eliminate polio from the country. Vaccination camps are organised every month where every child below five years of age is given the polio vaccine drops. The vaccine is given free of cost.

What do you understand by Twins?

If two people have the same mother and are born on the same day, they are called twins.

Name the characteristics that a person inherits from his parents.

Parents pass on traits or characteristics, such as eye colour and blood type, type of hair, face etc. to their children through their genes. Some health conditions and diseases can also be passed on genetically too. Sometimes, one characteristic has many different forms.

How can polio be prevented?

There is no cure for polio. The disease can severely paralyze, or even kill, an infected child. Polio can be prevented by immunizing a child with suitable vaccination.



Question:
List the problems that are acquired due to old age.
Answer:
The problems which are acquired due to old age are-
• Weak and feeble bones
• Low hearing
• Weak eyesight
• Joint pains
• Hyper tension
• Weak sense organs
• Low immunity and more chances of catching diseases.

Class 5 EVS Chapter 21 Question Answers Set 3

What are the factors that contribute in making our identity?

Identity formation and evolution are impacted by a variety of factors like society, family, loved ones, society, background, race, culture, location, opportunities, media, interests, appearance, self-expression and life experiences etc.

What values does our family teach us?

The values which our family teaches us are:
• Being honest and trustworthy.
• Being courageous.
• Never giving up.
• Being courteous and polite
• Being patient.
• Taking up responsibilities
• Confidence.

Define- Sibling, Hereditary.

i. Sibling- A sibling is one’s brother or sister. The word sibling means anyone who is related to you, it refers to children of the same parent or parents.
ii. Hereditary- Heredity or Hereditary is the process of passing the traits and characteristics from parents to the offspring through genes. The offspring, get their features and characteristics etc. that is genetic information from their mother and father.

Which skills do we learn from our environment?

The skills which we learn from the environment are:
• Cooperation
• Team work
• Importance of resources
• Conservation of things which are important for us
• Interdependence
• Caring
• Support and love for each other

How does an adopted child behave similar to his family members?

An adopted child learns many things from his present family and the environment. And because he stays with that family, he starts learning their habits and develops interests of that family too.

What efforts have been made by the government to eradicate polio?

The efforts made by the government to eradicate polio are:
• Pulse Polio- It is an immunization campaign which was established by the government of India to eliminate polio in India by vaccinating all children under the age of five years against the polio virus.
• Stopping polio transmission through a combination of repetitive immunization, additional immunization campaigns and following up of possible occurrences of polio.

Who are Non- identical twins?

Non-identical twins are those two children who are born to the same mother but don’t look the same. They are also called Fraternal Twins. These twins have different physical characteristics and features.

What are triplets?

Triplets are three babies born to the same parents at a time are called triplets. Triplets can be either fraternal, identical, or a combination of both.

What causes polio?

Poliomyelitis virus also called polio virus spreads from person to person through contaminated water which attacks our nervous system. Polio mainly affects children younger than 5.

Question:
What are the symptoms of paralytic polio infections?
Answer:
The symptoms of polio are as given below:
• Fever.
• Sore throat.
• Headache.
• Vomiting.
• Fatigue.
• Back pain or stiffness.
• Neck pain or stiffness.
• Pain or stiffness in the arms or legs.
• Progressive muscle or joint weakness and pain
• Fatigue
• Difficulty in urinating

Class 5 EVS Chapter 21 Question Answers Set 4

What are genetic diseases?

Genetic diseases or genetic disorders are those diseases which are inhabited from their parents, while others are caused due to DNA abnormality. It is a disease that is caused by a change, or transformation, in an individual’s DNA sequence.

Who discovered the laws of inheritance?

The law of inheritance was proposed by Gregor Mendel after conducting experiments on pea plants for seven years. The Mendel’s laws of inheritance include law of dominance, law of segregation and law of independent collection.

How does hearing loss affect a person?

Hearing loss can affect a person in the following ways:
• fewer educational and job opportunities due to weakened communication.
• social withdrawal due to reduced access to services and
• difficulties communicating with others.
• emotional problems caused by low self-esteem and confidence.

What is a hearing aid?

A hearing aid is a small electrical machine which is fitted in or behind a person’s ear. The purpose of a hearing aid is to make sounds louder for a person who is unable to hear properly and enable the person to hear spoken words and other sounds.

Did you find the activities given in chapter 21 of class 5th EVS interesting? What was the best activity for you?

I found the activities were interesting not only that I found the short stories given in the chapter interesting too. The stories in which the twin sister who usually confuses their mama was the I found funny and Activity which tells to bend the thumb to touch the wrist was challenging enough was the part I like the most.

Did you find the reason how we all are connected in chapter 21st of 5 standard EVS?

I think the reason we are connected to our parents is that we took birth from them so which is why we have almost the same habits and features Like nose tongue, eyes, ears like them, not all the features but yes some of them are.

How do you think one can complete chapter 21 of 5 standard EVS in one day?

The chapter is given in short interesting stories that one can learn by discussing with their parents and activities that can be performed with friends too. This is how the chapter will be done and once the children find out the reason for their features and complete the activity make them practice once or twice to write the answers and the chapter will be covered.