Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 12 Verbs Finite, Non-finite Forms

Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 12 Verbs Finite, Non-finite Forms and There are three forms of Non-Finite Verbs: 1. Infinitives, 2. Gerund, 3. Participles. A Finite Verb Form of Non-Finite Verbs is a verb that is limited by the rules of number, person, tense and voice; as, I do my duty.

He does his duty. She did her duty. My duty is done by me. In all the sentences verbs have different forms with different persons and tenses. So, they are called Finite Verbs. A Non-Finite Verb is a verb that is not limited by the rules of number, person, tense or voice; as, I want to do my duty. He wants to do his duty. She wanted to do her duty. In these sentences the verb to do is not limited or affected by the rule of number, person, tense and voice, so it is called the Non-Finite Verb.

Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 12 Verbs Finite, Non-finite Forms

Class: 6English Grammar
Chapter: 12Finite, Non-finite Forms of verb
Contents:Definition, Explanation and Examples

The Infinitives

The Infinitive may be used (i) with to (ii) without to
Infinitive with to: It performs all the functions of a Noun:
(a) To tell lies is a sin. (subject to a verb)
(b) To advise others is easy. (subject to a verb)
When to + infinitive is used as subject, two constructions are possible; as,

    1. To tell lies is a sin. It is a sin to tell lies.
      To advise others is easy. It is easy to advise others.
    2. Preeti stood up to ask a question. (object to a preposition)
      He was about to speak.
    3. He appears to be sad. (complement of a verb)
      My hobby is to collect stamps.
    4. He is too weak to walk. (too – to)
      He is so weak that he cannot walk.




The Gerund

A Gerund is that form of verb which ends in ‘ing’ and has the force of a Noun and a Verb. It is also called Verbal Noun.
Uses of the Gerund
A gerund can be used in various ways as under.

    1. Subject of a verb:
      Walking is a good exercise.
      Gardening is my hobby.
    2. Object of a verb:
      I like swimming.
      Stop talking at once.
    3. Object of a preposition:
      He is fond of swimming.
      Santosh is good at dancing.

The Participle

A participle is a non-finite verb-form that is used in compound form of a verb or as an adjective. So participles are called Verbal Adjectives also.
There are two kinds of Participles:

    • Present Participle
    • Past Participle




The Participle

A participle is a non-finite verb-form that is used in compound form of a verb or as an adjective. So participles are called Verbal Adjectives also.
There are two kinds of Participles:

    • Present Participle
    • Past Participle
The Present Participle

A Present Participle is a word which ends in ‘ing’ and is partly a Verb and partly an Adjective. The Present Participle expresses a going on action as an adjective. It is always active in form.
Examples of Present Participle:

    • You are playing a losing game.
    • Barking dogs seldom bite.
    • A rolling stone gathers no moss.
    • I found the child weeping.



The Past Participle

The Past Participle is another name of the third form of a verb. The Past Participle expresses a perfect action as an adjective. It is always passive in form.
Examples of Past Participle:

    1. I saw a wounded soldier.
    2. She is tired.
    3. A burnt child dreads the fire.
    4. He looks worried
    5. Throw this broken glass away.
What do you know about a Finite Verb Form?

A verb which is limited by the rules of number, person, tense and voice is known as a Finite Verb Form.

What is a Non-Finite Verb Form?

A verb which is not limited by the rules of number, person, tense and voice is known as a Non-Finite Verb Form.

What is Gerund?

A Gerund is that form of verb which ends in “ing” and has the force of a Noun and a Verb.

What is participle?

A participle is a non-finite verb-form that is used in compound form of a verb or as an adjective.

1. Infinitives, 2. Gerund, 3. Participles.
Verbs Finite, Non-finite Forms
Class 6 English Grammar Verbs Finite, Non-finite Forms
Class 6 English Grammar 1. Infinitives, 2. Gerund, 3. Participles.