Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 14 Simple Tenses. The use of a verb to show the time of an action or event is called its tense. There are three tenses: the Present Tense, the Past Tense and the Future Tense. For example, I write a letter. (Present time), I wrote a letter yesterday. (Past time), I shall write a letter tomorrow. (Future time). Here the words write, wrote, shall write are verbs and show three periods of time; the time that is (Present), the time that was (Past), and the time that will be (future).
|Class: 6||English Grammar|
|Chapter: 14||Verbs: Simple Tenses|
|Content:||Simple Present, Past and Future Tense|
|Books:||Course Book and Revision Notes|
Simple Present Tense or Present Indefinite Tense
It tells us that the action is done. For example:
- I learn my lesson. (Affirmative)
- I do not/don’t learn my lesson. (Negative)
- Do I learn my lesson? (Interrogative)
- Do I not learn my lesson? (Negative Interrogative)
- The peon rings the bell. (Affirmative)
- The peon does not ring the bell. (Negative)
Simple Present Tense
|I sing a song.||I do not sing a song.||Do I sing a song?|
|We take tea.||We do not take tea.||Do we take tea?|
|It rains.||It does not rain.||Does it rain?|
|The girls dance.||The girls do not dance.||Do the girls dance?|
Simple Past Tense
It tells us that the action was done in the past time.
|I sang a song.||I did not sing a song.||Did I sing a song?|
|He went to school.||He did not go to school.||Did he go to school?|
|The girls danced.||The girls did not dance.||Did the girls not dance?|
|We took tea.||We did not take tea.||Did we take tea?|
|It rained.||It did not rain.||Did it rain?|
The Future Indefinite Tense
The Future Indefinite Tense tells us about an action that is still to take place.
|He will go to school.||He will not go to school.||Will he go to school?|
|The girls will dance.||The girls will not dance.||Will the girls not dance?|
|We shall take tea.||We shall not take tea.||Shall we take tea?|
|I shall sing a song.||I shall not sing a song.||Shall I not sing a song?|
|It will rain.||It will not rain.||Will it not rain?|
Use of Verb with do/does/did in Negative and Interrogative sentences.
- Do you take a bath?
- Does she tell a lie?
- She does not play kho-kho?
- You do not fly a kite.
- Did he speak the truth?
- She did not comb her hair.
We use Verb to talk about things that are generally true.
- The earth moves round the sun.
- The rose smells sweet.
- The light moves in a straight line.
- Beauty needs no ornament.