Class 7 English Grammar Chapter 7 The Adjective. An Adjective is a word that is used to add some thing or qualifies a noun or pronoun. For example, a beautiful flower, an Indian soldier, green grass, tall tree, heavy weight etc. An adjective is a descriptive word a modifier to a noun or pronoun. Adjectives are usually written between the article and noun, before the noun or after a thinking verb/intransitive verb.

Class 7 English Grammar Chapter 7 The Adjective for 2023-2024

Class: 7English Grammar
Chapter: 7The Adjective

Kinds of Adjectives

1. Adjectives of Quality
2. Proper Adjectives
3. Interrogative Adjectives

The Adjective which tells us of what kind a person or a thing is, is called an Adjectives of Quality
As they describe a person or thing, they are called Descriptive Adjectives. Adjectives of Quality answer the question ‘of what kind’ e.g. new, poor, beautiful, tall, etc.
The Adjectives which are formed from Proper Nouns are called Proper Adjectives e.g.
Indian, American, African, Asian, Australian, European, Russian etc. Proper Adjectives always begin with a capital letter.
Interrogative Adjectives are words, that are used with a noun in a question, such as, – What, whose, which, and so on.

Degree of Comparison

Adjectives can be used to compare nouns or pronouns in respect of their qualities, quantities, and numbers. This comparison can be made in three different ways which we call Degrees of Comparison. They are the “Positive Degree” the “Comparative Degree” and the “Superlative Degree”.
Note: We often use than when we compare two things or people.
1. Riya is a clever girl. (Positive degree)
2. Priti is cleverer than Meena. (Comparative degree)
3. Sonam is the cleverest of all the three girls. (Superlative degree)

Formation of Comparatives and Superlatives:
Most Adjectives form their Comparative Degree by adding-er and their Superlative Degree by adding -est to the Positive.

Positive Comparative Superlative
bright brighter brightest
bold bolder boldest
near nearer nearest

If the positive ends in -e we add only -r and -st to form Comparative and Superlative degrees.

Positive Comparative Superlative
close closer closest
brave braver bravest
wise wiser wisest

If the Positive ends in y, and has a consonant immediately before it, the “y” is changed
into “I” before adding -er and -est. But if the “y” has a vowel before it, it is not changed into i.

Positive Comparative Superlative
heavy heavier heaviest
happy happier happiest
easy easier easiest

Single syllabic adjectives ending in a consonant preceded by a short vowel add – “er”,
“est” after doubling the last consonant.

Positive Comparative Superlative
Big Bigger Biggest
Fat Fatter Fattest
Fit Fitter Fittest

Many Adjectives of two syllables and all adjectives of more than two syllables form their Comparatives by adding “more” and their Superlatives by adding “most”.

Positive Comparative Superlative
active more active most active
beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
brilliant more brilliant most brilliant

Irregular Comparisons:

Positive Comparative Superlative
Bad worse worst
evil worse worst
Well better best
Uses of Adjectives

There are twelve adjectives that are derived from Latin. Of these five are used only as Positive Adjectives – interior, ulterior, exterior, major and minor and seven are used as Comparative Adjectives. They are followed by “to” instead of “than”. They are inferior, superior, prior, anterior, posterior, senior and junior as,
(a) He has performed many major operations. (positive degree)
(b) Mr. Lal is senior to me in service. (comparative degree)
3. When the possessive precedes an adjective in the superlative degree “the” is not used as, I have done my best.
4. Superlative degree is generally preceded by “the” as, Kolkata is the safest sea-port in India.

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Last Edited: January 27, 2022