Class 8 English Grammar Chapter 2 Order of Words. Re-arrangement of Jumbled Words into sentences. Examples and explanation of different type sentences. The subject usually comes before the verb. For example, Ram takes tea or the peon rings the bell. The Subject comes after the helping verb in Interrogative Sentences. For example, is he a good shot? or Will you have a cup of tea? When the Subject is an Interrogative Pronoun, it comes before the verb. Who are you? Which is your book?
Standard 8 English Grammar Chapter 2 Order of Words
|Class: 8||English Grammar|
|Chapter: 2||Order of Words|
How to use Subject and Verbs
1. Sometimes in Exclamatory and Optative Sentences the Subject comes after the verb as,
(a) What a beautiful sunrise!
(b) May you live long!
2. In Imperative Sentences, the Subject is usually understood as,
(a) Help the poor. (You)
(b) Thank you. (I)
3. In Conditional Clauses, without if, the Subject comes after the helping verb as,
(a) Had you worked hard, you would have passed.
(b) Were I a bird, I would fly in the air.
(c) Should you go to Delhi, do not forget to see my brother.
4. In sentences beginning with here, there, no sooner, hardly, etc. the subject comes after the verb as,
(a) Here comes the father.
(b) There goes the bell.
(c) No sooner did I reach school than the bell rang.
(d) Hardly/scarcely had I reached home when it began to rain.
|my son, you, may, prosper!||May you prosper my son!|
|me, he, to study, law, advised.||He advised me to study law.|
|the, policy, honesty, is, best.||Honesty is the best policy.|
|you, are, a, fool, what!||What a fool you are!|
|the, uses, are, sweet, of, adversity.||Sweet are the uses of adversity.|
Some Important Points
- When the Object is a Relative or an Interrogative Pronoun, it comes before the verb as,
(a) This is the boy whose brother got the first prize.
(b) This is the girl whom you want to see.
- The Indirect-Object precedes the Direct Object as,
(a) She gave me (Indirect) a watch (Direct)
- The Complement usually comes after the verb as,
(a) Students elected Raman “monitor”.
(b) We call our dog “tiger”.
- The Adjective usually comes before its Noun as,
(a) A strange disease had attacked them.
In case the Adjective is used predicatively, it comes after the noun as,
(a) All men are mortal.
The Adverb is usually placed close to the word it modifies; as,
(a) She always speaks the truth.
(b) You have solved only one problem.