NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 5 Rulers and Buildings (अध्याय 5: शासक और इमारतें) free to View online or download in PDF form. All the NCERT Solutions and Offline Apps based on new academic session 2019 – 2020 are available to download free.
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Rulers and Buildings: Question answers
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7 Social Science – History – Chapter 5: Question Answers
Important Questions & Notes on Chapter 5
What were the noticeable things about technological and stylistic developments?
Two technological and stylistic developments are noticeable from the twelfth century.
(1) The weight of the superstructure above the doors and windows was sometimes carried by arches. This architectural form was called “arcuate”.
(2) Limestone cement was increasingly used in construction. This was very high-quality cement, which, when mixed with stone chips hardened into concrete. This made construction of large structures easier and faster.
Why are Building Temples, Mosques and Tanks contructed?
Temples and mosques were beautifully constructed because they were places of worship. They were also meant to demonstrate the power, wealth and devotion of the patron. For example the Rajarajeshvara temple. An inscription mentions that it was built by King Rajarajadeva for the worship of his god, Rajarajeshvaram. The largest temples were all constructed by kings. The other, lesser deities in the temple were gods and goddesses of the allies and subordinates of the ruler. The temple was a miniature model of the world ruled by the king and his allies.
It was widely believed that the rule of a just king would be an age of plenty when the heavens would not withhold rain. At the same time, making precious water available by constructing tanks and reservoirs was highly praised.
Why were Temples Targeted?
Because kings built temples to demonstrate their devotion to God and their power and wealth. In the early ninth century when the Pandyan king Shrimara Shrivallabha invaded Sri Lanka and defeated the king, Sena I (831-851), the Buddhist monk and chronicler Dhammakitti noted: “he removed all the valuables … The statue of the Buddha made entirely of gold in the Jewel Palace … and the golden images in the various monasteries – all these he seized.”
Why are Gardens, Tombs and Forts constructed?
Under the Mughals, architecture became more complex. Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, and especially Shah Jahan were personally interested in literature, art and architecture. In his autobiography, Babur described his interest in planning and laying out formal gardens, placed within rectangular walled enclosures and divided into four quarters by artificial channels.