NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 6 Understanding Our Criminal Justice System (अध्याय 6: हमारी आपराधिक न्याय प्रणाली) (Unit 3 of Social and Political Life – III ) to Study online free with latest Books to free download. Download NCERT Solutions for other subjects in PDF form.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 6
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Understanding Our Criminal Justice System: Question Answers
8 Civics Chapter 6 Understanding Our Criminal Justice System Answers
Important Questions on 8 Civics Chapter 6
Do you know?
According to Article 22 of the Constitution, every person has a Fundamental Right to be defended by a lawyer. Article 39A of the Constitution places a duty upon the State to provide a lawyer to any citizen who is unable to engage one due to poverty or other disability.
What is the Role of the Police in Investigating a Crime?
One important function of the police is to investigate any complaint about the commission of a crime. An investigation includes recording statements of witnesses and collecting different kinds of evidence. On the basis of the investigation, the police are required to form an opinion. If the police think that the evidence points to the guilt of the accused person, then they file a charge sheet in the court.
What does Article 22 of the Constitution and criminal law guarantee?
Article 22 of the Constitution and criminal law guarantee to every arrested person the following Fundamental Rights:
• The Right to be informed at the time of arrest of the offence for which the person is being arrested.
• The Right to be presented before a magistrate within 24 hours of arrest.
• The Right not to be ill-treated or tortured during arrest or in custody.
• Confessions made in police custody cannot be used as evidence against the accused.
• A boy under 15 years of age and women cannot be called to the police station only for questioning.
What is First Information Report (FIR)?
It is with the registration of an FIR that the police can begin their investigations into a crime. The FIR usually mentions the date, time and place of the offence, details the basic facts of the offence, including a description of the events. The law states that it is compulsory for an officer in charge of a police station to register an FIR whenever a person gives information about a cognizable offence. This information can be given to the police either orally or in writing. If known, the identity of the accused persons and witnesses is also mentioned. The FIR also states the name and address of the complainant. There is a prescribed form in which the police registers an FIR and it is signed by the complainant. The complainant also has a legal right to get a free copy of the FIR from the police.