Class 11 Psychology Chapter 3 Important Questions the Bases of Human Behaviour in English Medium for CBSE and other board examination. MCQ and Extra Question Answers are also given here for extra practice during the revision of the chapters during the session 2024-25.

Discuss Biofeedback as a stress management technique.

Biofeedback is a good stress management technique. The procedure of biofeedback is to observe and reduce physiological aspects of stress by giving feedback about the present physiological activities.
If often involves relaxation training. Biofeedback training has three stages.

    • To develop an awareness of the actual physiological response as an example pulse rate.
    • To find out alternative ways to manage the physiological response in quiet conditions.
    • Making use of the control into conditions of existence.

Discuss Life events and Hassles as sources of stress.

Life Events:
Changes either big or small effect our lives right from the instant we are born.
We learn to cope up with small changes happening in our life but major life events may be very stressful because they destroy our routine and cause sudden change.
If several life events that are planned i.e. occupation a brand new house or unplanned events like cut up of marriage occur during a short span of your time, we discover it difficult to manage and cause lots of stress in our life.

Hassles mainly check with daily happenings in our life that cause stress example crowded environment, electricity issues, water shortage, quarrelsome neighbors, noisy surroundings, traffic jams etc.
Getting to various emergencies are hassles to a house wife.
These daily hassles may have damaging consequences for the individual who is commonly the one coping alone with them as others might not even bear in mind of them as outsiders.
The more stress people report as a results of daily hassles, the poorer is their psychological well-being.

Describe any FOUR life skills which you think that will facilitate you’re in meeting the challenges of college life.

Life skills are abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with the stress and challenges of daily life.
Our ability to cope up with any problem depends on how well we are prepared to handle it, counterbalance everyday needs and maintain peace in life. Here are a number of the important life skills which will help us to fulfill the challenges of life. Assertiveness, time management, rational thinking, improving relationships, self-care, and overcoming unhelpful habits like perfectionism, procrastination.

    • It’s a behaviour or skill which helps us to speak our wants, feelings, thoughts clearly and confidently.
    • It’s the flexibility to mention no to asking, to state one’s opinion with none hesitation, or to specific love, anger or emotions openly.
    • If you’re assertive, you are feeling confident, and have high self-esteem and a solid sense of your own identity.
Explain the concept of stress-resistant personality. Give suitable examples.

As per studies by Kobasa it’s shown that individuals with high level of stress and low level illness share three characteristics which are called personality traits of hardiness. The three characteristics i.e. the three C’s are commitment, control and challenge. Hardiness could be a set of beliefs about oneself, the world, and the way they interact.
It takes shape as a way of what you’re doing. for instance, a way of control over your life, and a sense of challenge.
Control purposely and direction in life. Example commitment to figure, family, hobbies and social life.
Challenge: They see changes in life as normal and positive instead of as a threat.

What’s the most function of sympathetic?
The sympathetic system directs the body’s rapid involuntary response to dangerous or stressful situations. A flash flood of hormones boosts the body’s alertness and rate, sending extra blood to the muscles.

What are the most components of sympathetic nervous system?

Langley defined three components: sympathetic, with preganglionic cells within the thoracolumbar spinal cord; parasympathetic (a word he coined), with preganglionic cells within the brain stem or sacral spinal cord; and enteric, with preganglionic cells near or within the target organs.

Why is it called parasympathetic?
The parasympathetic system nervous is an element of the body’s autonomic system nervous. Its partner is that the sympathetic system, which control’s the body’s fight or flight response. The parasympathetic system nervous controls the body’s ability to relax. It’s sometimes called the “rest and digest” state.

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