Class 11 Psychology Chapter 8 Important Questions Thinking updated and modified for academic session 2022-23. Students of CBSE and State board can take the benefits of class 11 Psychology Extra Question Answers as well as study material which are important for exams.

How can power be enhanced?

There are many strategies which help in enhancing creativeness. These are as follows:
Originality: Originality will be developed by practicing fluency, flexibility, habit of associative thinking, exploring linkages, and fusing distinct or remote ideas.
Use of Imagination: Engaging more frequently in activities which require use of imagination and original thinking instead of routine work in line with interest and hobbies.
Do not accept initial ideas: Never accepting the primary ideas or solution. Many ideas die because we reject them thinking that the concept may be a silly idea i.e. we’ve got to first generate variety of possible ideas or solutions, then select the simplest from among them.
Getting feedback: Getting a feedback on the solutions we decide one from others who are less personally involved within the task.

Chance to Incubate: Giving ideas the prospect to incubate. Allowing time for incubation between production of ideas and also the stage of evaluation of ideas, may usher in the ‘Aha!’ experience.
Diagram thinking: Sometimes ideas cluster like branches of a tree. it’s useful to diagram our thinking in order that we will follow each possible branch to its completion.
Developing independent thinking: Developing independent thinking in making judgements, working out things with none help or resources.
Self-confident: To be self-confident and positive. Never undermine to your creative potential. To experience the enjoyment of your creation.

Does thinking occur without language Briefly discuss.

Thinking cannot occur without language. Benjamin Lee Whorf was of the view that language determines the contents of thought. This view is understood as linguistic relativity hypothesis. In its strong version, this hypothesis holds what and the way individuals can possibly think is decided by the language and linguistic categories they use (linguistic determinism). Experimental evidence, however, maintains that it’s possible to own the identical level or quality of thoughts altogether languages depending upon the provision of linguistic categories and structures. Some thoughts could also be easier in one language compared to a different.

How is language acquired in human beings?

Both nature and nurture are important in language acquisition. B.F. Skinner: in line with B.F. Skinner, a behaviorist we learn language the identical way as animals learn to choose keys or press bars. Language development follow learning behaviour. Noam Chomsky view: he’s a linguist, put forth the innate proposition of development of language. For him the speed of which children acquire words and grammar without being taught can’t be explained only by learning principles. Skinner’s emphasis on learning explains infants acquire the language they hear and the way they add new words to their vocabularies. Chomsky’s emphasis on our in-built readiness to be told grammar helps explain why children acquire language so readily without direct teaching.

Describe the three characteristics of language.

The three characteristics of language are as follows:
The primary characteristic of language is that it involves symbols. Symbols represent something or somebody else, as an example, the place where we live is named ‘home’ the thing that we eat is named ‘food’. Words like home, food, and diverse other words don’t in themselves carry any meaning. When these words are related to some objects / events they attain meaning and that we begin recognising those objects / events, etc. with particular words (symbols). We use symbols while thinking.

The second characteristic of language is that it involves rules. While combining two or more words we usually follow a certain and accepted order of presenting these words.
The third characteristic of language is that it’s used for communicating one’s thought, ideas, intentions, and feelings to others. We communicate through the utilization of our body parts, called gestures or postures. this kind of communication is termed nonverbal communication.

How can power be enhanced?

There are many strategies which help in enhancing creativeness. These are as follows:
Originality: Originality will be developed by practicing fluency, flexibility, habit of associative thinking, exploring linkages, and fusing distinct or remote ideas.
Use of Imagination: Engaging more frequently in activities which require use of imagination and original thinking instead of routine work in line with interest and hobbies.

Do not accept initial ideas: Never accepting the primary ideas or solution. Many ideas die because we reject them thinking that the concept may be a silly idea i.e. we’ve got to first generate variety of possible ideas or solutions, then select the simplest from among them.
Getting feedback: Getting a feedback on the solutions we decide one from others who are less personally involved within the task.
Chance to Incubate: Giving ideas the prospect to incubate. Allowing time for incubation between production of ideas and also the stage of evaluation of ideas, may usher in the ‘Aha!’ experience.

Diagram thinking: Sometimes ideas cluster like branches of a tree. it’s useful to diagram our thinking in order that we will follow each possible branch to its completion.
Developing independent thinking: Developing independent thinking in making judgements, working out things with none help or resources.
Self-confident: To be self-confident and positive. Never undermine to your creative potential. To experience the enjoyment of your creation.

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