NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 13

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 13 Nuclei Exercises Solutions and Additional Exercises Solutions to use it online or download in PDF file format to use it offline updated for new session 2020-21.

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NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 13

Class:12
Subject:Physics
Chapter 13:Nuclei

Class 12 Physics Chapter 13 Solutions in English

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 13 in PDF form to free download. Download NCERT Books 2020-21 and offline apps based on new CBSE Syllabus 2020-21. If you have doubts in NIOS board or CBSE Board, please join the discussion forum.

Important Questions for practice

1. Ultraviolet light of wavelength 350 nm and intensity 1W/m2 is directed at a potassium surface having work function 2.2eV. (i) Find the maximum kinetic energy of the photoelectron. (ii) If 0.5 percent of the incident photons produce photoelectric effect, how many photoelectrons per second are emitted from the
potassium surface that has an area 1cm2.
2. What is meant by nuclear fission and nuclear chain reaction? Outline the conditions necessary for nuclear chain reaction.
3. Define binding energy of a nucleus. Draw a curve between mass number and average binding energy per nucleon. On the basis of this curve, explain fusion and fission reactions.
4. What is beta decay? Write an equation to represent β– and β+ decay. Explain the energy distribution curve is β decay.
5. Draw energy level diagram for hydrogen atom and show the various line spectra originating due to transition between energy levels.
6. With the help of one example, explain how the neutron to proton ratio changes during alpha decay of a nucleus. Distinguish between nuclear fusion and fission. Give an example of each.

Questions from Board Papers

1. At a given instant, there are 25% undecayed radioactive nuclei in a sample. After 10 seconds, the number of undecayed nuclei reduces to 12.5%. Calculate the mean life of nuclei.
2. Determine the speed of the electron in n = 3 orbit of hydrogen atom.
3. A nucleus of mass M initially at rest splits into two fragments of masses M/3 and 2M/3. Find the ratio of de Broglie wavelength of the fragments.
4. A proton is accelerated through a potential difference V. Find the percentage increase or decrease in its de-Broglie wavelength if potential difference is increased by 21%.
5. The half life of a radioactive substance is 5 hours. In how much time will 15/16 of the material decay?

Important Questions on 12th Physics Chapter 13

Why do stable nuclei never have more protons than neutrons?
Protons are positively charged and repel one another electrically. This repulsion becomes so great in nuclei with more than 10 protons or so, that an excess of neutrons which produce only attractive forces, is required for stability.
In pair annihilation, an electron and a positron destroy each other to produce gamma radiation. How is the momentum conserved?
2γ photons are produced which move in opposite directions to conserve momentum.
Which one of the following cannot emit radiation and why? Excited nucleus, excited electron.
Excited electron because energy of electronic energy levels is in the range of eV, only not in MeV. as γ -radiation has energy in MeV.

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