Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 1: A sentence

Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 1: A sentence, which is a group of words which makes a complete sense. A sentence always begins with a capital letter. A sentence end with a punctuation mark–a full stop (.) or an exclamation mark (!) or a question mark (?). There are five kinds of sentences according to their functions. We will discuss here all five kind with examples.

Class 6 English Grammar: A sentence

Class: 6English Grammar
Chapter 1:A sentence

6th English Grammar: Sentence and its Kinds

  • Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 1: A Sentence to Study Online

Assertive Sentence

An Assertive Sentence is a sentence that affirms or negates an action, a fact or a happening.

    • (a) An Assertive Sentence may be positive or negative.
    • (b) An Assertive Sentence that affirms a fact etc. is called a Positive (Affirmative) sentence.
    • (c) An Assertive Sentence that negates a fact etc. is called a Negative Sentence.
    • (d) An Assertive Sentence always ends in full-stop (.).

Interrogative Sentence

An Interrogative Sentence is a sentence that asks a direct question or enquires about something.

    • There are two kinds of interrogative sentences.
      (a) Simple Questions : Beginning with helping verbs; as sentences in A.
      (b) Wh-type or WH-family questions : Beginning with question words, as sentences in B.
    • A question always ends in a question mark (?).

Imperative Sentence

An Imperative Sentence is a sentence that expresses an order, a request, an advice or a proposal.

    1. In Imperative Sentences, the subject is you but it remains unstated.
      But : Thank you. (= I thank you.)
      Welcome you. (= We welcome you.)
    2. An Imperative Sentence can be either affirmative or negative.
    3. A full stop (.) is placed at the end of a Imperative Sentence.

Exclamatory sentences

Exclamatory sentences are those which express strong or sudden feelings or emotions of attention, joy, wonder, surprise, sorrow, contempt, anger, etc. over something which has happened or has been done.

    1. An exclamatory sentence has an exclamation mark (!) after its exclaimed word or at its end.
    2. The sentence following the exclaimed word always starts with a small letter except when it starts with a Proper Noun or I.
    3. The sentence following the exclaimed word may end in full stop, question mark or exclamation mark as per its kind.

Optative Sentence

An Optative Sentence is a sentence that expresses a wish, a prayer, a blessing, a boon or a curse. For Example: May God bless you with a son! (prayer).

    1. An optative Sentence always ends in a mark of exclamation (!).
    2. Some grammarians include optative sentences in the exclamatory sentences because of
      the mark of exclamation.
What is an Assertive Sentence?

An Assertive Sentence is a sentence that affirms or negates an action, a fact or a happening.
For Example:
1. The hunter aimed at a lion. (action – affirmative)
2. He did not kill the lion. (action – negative)
3. The Sun rises in the east. (fact – affirmative)
4. The Sun does not rise in the west. (fact – negative)
5. India became free on 15th August, 1947. (happening – affirmative)
6. The storm did not blow away the roof of the hut. (happening – negative)

What is an Interrogative Sentence?

An Interrogative Sentence is a sentence that asks a direct question or enquires about something.
For Example:
1. What is your name?
2. Where do you live?
3. In which class do you read?
4. Why did the teacher punish you? (negative)

What is an Imperative Sentence?

An Imperative Sentence is a sentence that expresses an order, a request, an advice or a proposal.
For Example:
1. Get out of the room at once. (order)
2. March forward and attack the enemy. (order)
3. Bring me a glass of water. (order)
4. Please help me in this case. (request)
5. Kindly grant me leave for two days. (request)
6. Have a mercy on me, Your Honour. (request)
7. Always speak the truth. (advice)
8. Never tell a lie. It is a sin. (advice)
9. Help the poor and the needy. (advice)

What are Exclamatory sentences?

Exclamatory sentences are those which express strong or sudden feelings or emotions of attention, joy, wonder, surprise, sorrow, contempt, anger, etc. over something which has happened or has been done.
For Example:
1. Hush! the child is sleeping. (attention)
2. Look! never go outside in the dark. (attention)
3. Hurrah! we have won the match. (joy)
4. Oh! you are here. (wonder/surprise)
5. Aha! what a fine scene. (joy and wonder)
6. Bravo! you have done well. (praise)
7. Hellow! how goes the world? (greeting)

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Class 6 English Grammar
Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 1: A sentence
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