Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 20 Conjunction. A Conjunction is a word that joins words or sentences together. Conjunctions are called also Linkers or Connectors. The most common conjunctions are: and, but or, so, for, yet. All the examples are in simple language and based on daily life.
|Class: 6||English Grammar|
|Study Material:||Textbook and Revision Book|
A Conjunction is a word that joins words or sentences together. Conjunctions are called also Linkers or Connectors. The most common conjunctions are: and, but or, so, for, yet.
Kinds of Conjunctions:
- Co-ordinating Conjunctions
- Subordinating Conjunctions
- Correlative Conjunctions
A Co-ordinating conjunction joins together clauses of equal ranks or grammatical units of the same kind.
They are (a) Cumulative (b) Adversative (c) Alternative (d) Illative
- He is not only tall but also strong. (cumulative)
- He worked hard still/yet/but/nevertheless he failed. (adversative)
- Either you or your brother has broken the slate. (alternative)
- Vikrant is honest, so/therefore, he is respected. (illative)
A Subordinating Conjunction joins one clause to another on which it depends for its full meaning. Subordinate conjunctions denote: (i) Time (ii) Cause or Reason (iii) Purpose (iv) Result (v) Condition (vi) Place (vii) Manner or Extent (viii) Comparison (ix) Concession or contrast.
As soon as I reached school the ball rang. (time)
I found my pen where I had left it. (place)
We eat that/so that we may live. (purpose)
He spoke in such a low voice that few could hear him. (result)
If you want peace, be prepared for war. (condition)
She did as I told her to do. (manner)
He is honest though he is poor. (contrast)
He is taller than I (am). (comparison)
Examples of Conjunctions
Conjunctions are used for joining one sentence to another sentence.
Study the following examples :
1. These grapes are fresh. These grapes are juicy. (and)
These grapes are fresh and juicy.
2. Mohan is very rich. Mohan does not enjoy his life. (but)
Mohan is rich but does not enjoy his life.
3. He is a thief. Who does not know it? (that)
Who does not know that he is a thief?
Correlative conjunctions are that work in pairs. Such conjunctions join two equivalent sentences. Some correlative conjunctions are: either or neither nor not but also, though yet both and.
Mrs Mehta not only bought some doses but also picked up a bouquet of lilies. Both my father and mother are doctors.