Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 22 Punctuation. Punctuation is a collection of symbols that we use in our sentences to make them clearer to read and understand. We must use proper punctuation mark while writing English. The chief Punctuation Marks are Full stop (.) , Comma (,), Question Mark (?), Dash (-), Semi Colon (;), Apostrophe (‘), Mark of Exclamation (!), Inverted Commas (” “), etc.
|Class: 6||English Grammar|
|Chapter: 22||Punctuation Marks and Capital Letters|
|Contents:||Course Book and Revision Notes|
FULL STOP OR PERIOD
1. It represents the longest pause. It is used at the end of each assertive and imperative sentence.
I write a letter. (assertive)
Please, post this letter. (imperative)
A full stop indicates that the idea expressed in the sentence is complete and does not go further.
2. To mark abbreviations and initials, as, (B.A., LL.B., M.P., M.A., M.B.B.S., Dr. R.P. Sharma, Mr. L.L. Chauhan)
(a) It requires a comma after an abbreviation.
(b) There is no need to write another (.) if the sentence ends with an abbreviation.
It is the shortest pause. Its use depends upon the sense of a sentence. It is used:
- To separate identical words as,
Amit, Rakesh, Raju and Rohit are absent today.
- To separate pairs of words joined by ‘and’ as,
Tables and chairs, books and magazines, sofas and cots were all reduced to ashes.
- To separate the Nominative of Address as,
Dear friend, come and help me.
- To separate a Noun or Phrase in Apposition as,
Rose, the queen of flowers, is love by all.
THE SIGN OF INTERROGATION
1. The sign/mark/note of interrogation is used at the end of a Direct Question as,
What is your name?
THE SIGN OF EXCLAMATION
It is used after:
1. An Exclamatory or An Optative Sentence as,
How beautiful the moon is!
2. With Interjections and Interjection Phrases as,
(b) Good God! Well Done! My God! Hear, hear! O Almighty!
Hurrah! I have passed.
3. After vocative case as,
Thief! Thief! catch the thief.
1. These are used to give exactly the words spoken by a person or to give a question as,
She said to him, “You are a good boy”.
I like the “Broken Wings” very much.
It is used:
1. To mark the Genitive Case of Nouns as,
Mohan’s father, Ram’s book, Boys’ school, Girls’ hostel.
2. To indicate the plurals of letters and figures as,
(a) Mind your p’s and q’s.
3. To denote the omission of a letter or letters from words as,
I’ll; won’t; can’t; you’re; I’m Hon’ble, O’clock etc.
Capital Letters are Used
1. To start a new sentence.
2. To begin each line of a poem. (written in traditional style)
3. To write a Proper Noun or Adjective derived from it: India, Indian etc.
Hurrah!, Alas!, Bravo!, Fie!, Pooh!, Pshaw!, Oh!, Ah!
The Ganga, the Himalayas, the Bay of Bengal, the Indian Ocean etc.