Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 4: The Noun – Numbers. Nouns have two numbers: A singular countable noun always takes a or an before it. The Singular number and the Plural number. The word – number – refers to whether a noun is only one or more than one. A noun is said to be in the singular number when it is used to mean one person or thing:- baby, toy, life, child, man, girl, doll, bus, mango etc. A noun is said to be in the plural number when it is used to mean more than one person or thing :- babies, toys, lives, children, men, girls, dolls, buses, mangoes etc.
Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 4: Nouns: Singular – Plural
Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 4 Noun Numbers
|Class: 6||English Grammar|
|Chapter: 4||The Noun: Numbers – Singular and Plural|
Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 4: The Noun: Numbers
Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 4: The Noun – Numbers – Singular and Plural, is given below. English Grammar for class 6 is updated for academic session 2022-2023.
Countable Nouns are the things we can count; as, pens, books, bags, chairs, tables, apples, benches, etc. A singular countable noun always takes a or an before it. We can use a countable noun in the singular and also in the plural; as, This is a pen. These are pens. That is an apple. Those are apples.
Uncountable Nouns are the things we cannot count; as, butter, ghee, honey, tea, wool, air, water, milk, oil etc. We never use a or an before an uncountable noun and we don’t use an uncountable noun in the plural; as, we can say two pens but we can’t say two water.
We can use some with an uncountable noun. We can use some with a countable noun in the plural; as, Please give me some biscuits. Please give me some milk.
RULES FOR THE CHANGE OF NUMBERS
The nouns which end in ‘s’ or ‘es’ in the plural form are regular plurals. The regular plurals are formed in the following ways:
- By adding the letter ‘s’ to the noun in singular; as, apple – apples, bag – bags, cat – cats, etc.
- Nouns ending in s, ss, sh, ch, x or z form their plurals by adding – ‘es’ to the singular; as, bush – bushes, bus – buses, glass – glasses, etc.
- If a Singular Noun ends in y with a vowel before it, the plural is formed by adding s only; as, Boy – Boys, Bay – Bays, Chimney – Chimneys, Donkey – Donkeys, etc.
- If the Singular Noun ends in f or fe the plural is formed by changing f or fe into v and then adding es; as, Calf – Calves, Elf – Elves, Half – Halves, Knife – Knives, etc.
Rules for Making Plural Nouns
Consider the following rules while make a singular noun to plural.
- If Singular Noun ends in y and there is a consonant before y the plural is formed by changing y into i and adding es; as, Army – Armies, Assembly – Assemblies, Baby – Babies, etc.
Similarly we can change the following: Country, city, cry, copy, dairy, diary, duty, enemy, fairy, fly, fury, gallery, gully, history, hobby, lady, lorry, lilly, luxury, penny, pony, policy, sky, story, victory.
- If the Singular Noun ends in ief, ff, ef, or f then the plural is formed by adding s to them; as; Belief – Beliefs, Chief – Chiefs, Cliff – Cliffs, Dwarf – Dwarfs, etc.
Similarly we can do for the following: Handker-chief, hoof, mischief, gulf, grief, proof, roof, safe, serf, staff, strife, brief, etc.
The nouns which do not form their plurals by adding s or es are called irregular plurals.
Plural of Compound Nouns
If the Compound Noun is made of two nouns, the second noun is changed into the Plural Form; as, Foot-man: Foot-men, Governor-General: Governor- Generals, Step-son: Step-sons, Step-daughter: Step-daughters, Gentle-man: Gentle-men, Maid-Servant: Maid Servants, etc.
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