Class 7 English Grammar Chapter 4 The Noun Gender. Gender is the quality of a noun or a pronoun that classifies it as masculine, feminine, common or neuter gender. There are four genders in English Language: Masculine Gender, Feminine Gender, Common Gender and Neuter Gender. Men, boys and male animals are Masculine. Women, girls and female animals are Feminine. A noun which has the same form of masculine and feminine is of the Common Gender; as, baby, student etc. A lifeless thing is of the Neuter Gender; as, pen, book etc.

In Chapter 4 of the Class 7 English Grammar syllabus, learners dive into the fascinating realm of ‘Noun Genders’. The English language showcases a rich tapestry of classifications based on gender, allowing for a nuanced expression of nouns and pronouns. Specifically, there are four recognized genders: Masculine, Feminine, Common, and Neuter. The Masculine Gender encompasses men, boys, and male animals. On the flip side, the Feminine Gender pertains to women, girls, and female animals, providing a distinct differentiation between the sexes.

ClassL 7English Grammar
Chapter: 4The Noun – Gender
Content:Textbook and Revision Book
Academic Session:2024-25

The Noun: Gender masculine, feminine, common, neuter

English gracefully introduces the Common Gender. This category includes nouns that possess a uniform form for both masculine and feminine, such as ‘baby’ and ‘student’. It’s a testament to the language’s evolving inclusivity. Lastly, the Neuter Gender captures inanimate objects or lifeless entities, including nouns like ‘pen’ and ‘book’. Through this chapter, students gain a profound understanding of gender classifications, further refining their proficiency and mastery over the nuances of English grammar.

Ways of Changing Gender

By adding ess to the Masculine but without any change in the form of Masculine or By adding ess to the Masculine after dropping the last vowel of the masculine.

Masculine Feminine
Author Authoress
Baron Baroness
Actor Actress
Benefactor Benefactress

Changing of Masculine to Feminine by placing a word before or after a noun we can change its gender.

Cock-sparrow Hen-sparrow
He-bear She-bear
Land-lord Land-lady
Milk-man Milk-maid
Grand-father Grand-mother
Great-uncle Great-aunt

We can change the gender by using an entirely different word.

Duke Duchess
Earl Countess
Father Mother
Brother Sister
Bridegroom Bride
Boy Girl

Nouns as Common Gender

There are some words which are used as common gender. For example, Infant, baby, child, artist, advocate, advisor, accountant, auditor, broker, businessman, cousin, cook, chairman, criminal, chair person, constable, client, driver, engineer, enemy, fool, guest, judge, librarian, musician, manager, novelist, professor, photographer, bird, fowl, elephant, fish, deer, shopkeeper, teacher, student, lawyer, etc.

Points to be remembered

The artists, professionals and executives are now frequently written as masculine for both the sexes, e.g. author, poet, writer, doctor, advocate, driver, cook etc.
Lifeless objects of great strength are often personified as Masculine, e.g. sun, death, anger, time, summer, winter, day, night, thunder, wind.
Fairy, house-wife, nurse and laundress have no masculine gender.
Miss is used for an unmarried girl while Mrs. is used for a married woman.

Mr. is used to address both a married and an unmarried man.
Though collective nouns such as army, people, nation, flock, class and group are used to signify the collection or group of living things, they are classified as neuter gender.

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Last Edited: October 25, 2023