Class 7 Science Chapter 1 MCQ

Class 7 Science Chapter 1 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) of Nutrition in Plants. All the MCQs are selected form the Class 7 Science NCERT Book Chapter 1 only including all the important topics, main questions, keywords based questions and short questions from exercise.

Answers and Explanation of each question is given along with the question. Important questions related to chapter 1 of 7th science are also given for revision.

Class 7 Science Chapter 1 MCQ for 2020-21

Contents:Multiple Choice Questions – MCQ Tests

Class 7 Science Chapter 1 MCQ for Exams

Class 7 Science Chapter 1 MCQs are given below with answers and explanation of each answer. There are over 10 set of papers each containing 10 questions for practice. All the questions are prepared from NCERT textbook and exemplar books only. All the questions are confined to CBSE Syllabus 2020-21.


“Leaves are the food factories of plant”. But, how does cactus (desert plants) carry out photosynthesis?

[A]. Roots
[B]. Spines
[C]. Stems
[D]. Green leaves

The cell is enclosed by a thin outer boundary, called

[A]. Cell membrane
[B]. Chromatin
[C]. Cytoplasm
[D]. Nucleus membrane


The term that is used for the mode of nutrition in yeast, mushrooms and bread mould is: autotrophic insectivorous saprophytic parasitic

[A]. Autotrophic
[B]. Insectivorous
[C]. Saprophytic
[D]. Parasitic

The term that is used for the mode of nutrition in yeast, mushrooms and bread-mould is

[A]. Autotrophic
[B]. Insectivorous
[C]. Saprophytic
[D]. Parasitic


About “photosynthesis”, which of the statements is or are incorrect?

[A]. The Solar Energy is captured by the leaves and stored in the form of food.
[B]. Later on carbohydrate ultimate get converted into chlorophyll.
[C]. The synthesis prepare of food occurs in the presence of only sunlight.
[D]. In this process solar energy is converted into chemical energy.

Which of the following statement is or are correct?

[A]. All green plants can prepare their own food and oxygen is liberated during photosynthesis.
[B]. Most animals are autotrophs.
[C]. Most animals are autotrophs and carbon dioxide is not required for photosynthesis
[D]. All green plants can prepare their own food and most animal are autotrophs.


Farmers do not apply nitrogenous fertilizers in the cultivation of pulses plant. Why?

[A]. Pulses plant already have stored much nitrogenous compound.
[B]. Pulses plant do not need the compound of nitrogen because they are autotrophs.
[C]. Pulses plant fulfill their needs by saprotrophic nutrition.
[D]. Pulses plant derive nutrition from the symbiotic association.

Which of the following equations is correct about “photosynthesis”?

[A]. Carbon dioxide + Water + (Sunlight and Chlorophyll) → Carbohydrates + Ozone
[B]. Carbon dioxide + Hydrogen + (Sunlight and Chlorophyll) → Carbohydrates + Oxygen
[C]. Nitrogen dioxide + Water + (Sunlight and Chlorophyll) → Carbohydrates + Ozone
[D]. Carbon dioxide + Water + (Sunlight and Chlorophyll) → Carbohydrates + Oxygen


What would happen, if a goat eats away all the leaves of a small plant

[A]. Plant will no more.
[B]. Remaining leaves and branches will help to sustain the plant.
[C]. The small plant survived on the food stored in the stem and roots.
[D]. Soil nutrients will help to survive the plant once again.

Algae and fungi are

[A]. Autotroph and Parasite
[B]. Heterotroph and Saprotroph
[C]. Heterotroph and Parasite
[D]. Autotroph and Saprotroph

Why do all living being need food?

All living organisms require food for cellular activities like growth, development and physical activities.

Who are Autotrophs?

Organisms which make their own food are called Autotrophs like plants.

What do you mean by Photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis is the process by which plants make their own food.

How do green plants prepare their food?

Green plants use water, carbon dioxide and sunlight to prepare their food by the process of photosynthesis.

Chlorophyll and Photosynthesis

When we see around us, we find that most of the plant leaves are green in colour. It is because leaf cells contain green pigments called Chlorophyll. The photosynthesis happens at this site of leaf’s cell. Chlorophyll helps in trapping of sun light energy. Water is absorbed by the root hairs from the soil and carbon dioxide coming from atmosphere is taken in through the stomata of leaf. Water and carbon dioxide combine in presence of sunlight trapped by chlorophyll and produces glucose and releases oxygen into the atmosphere. This complete process is called Photosynthesis.

Currently in Class test of standard 7 or school exams, MCQs are compulsory in each subject. These MCQs will help the students to understand the concepts given in Chapter 1 of Class 7 Science. Definitions, keywords and all extra questions are included in the form of multiple choice questions to provide a better practice for grade 7 student.