Class 8 English Grammar Chapter 1 The Sentence

Class 8 English Grammar Chapter 1 The Sentence. A sentence is a group of words which makes a complete sense. The words in a sentence are written in a meaningful order. A new sentence begins with a capital letter.

A sentence ends with a punctuation mark a full stop (.) Or an exclamation mark (!) or a question mark (?). The wrong sentences are a jumble of words. They do not give us a correct sense when we read them. According to the English language they should be as corrected and marked right.

Class 8 English Grammar Chapter 1 The Sentence for 2020-2021

Class: 8English Grammar
Chapter: 1The Sentence

Kinds of Sentences

    1. Statements or Assertive Sentences
    2. Commands or Imperative Sentences
    3. Questions or Interrogative Sentences
    4. Optative Sentences
    5. Exclamations or Exclamatory Sentences




Statements or Assertive Sentences

A sentence that makes a statement or assertion is called Declarative or Assertive or Affirmative sentence. It is always followed by period i.e. full stop (.)

    • I am writing a letter.
    • Sita is singing a song.
    • It rains.

Imperative Sentences

A sentence that expresses a command, a request, an advice, prohibition, a warning, a suggestion is called an Imperative Sentence.

    • Help the poor. (Advice)
    • Please help me. (Request)
    • Get out of the class. (Order)
    • March forward. (Command)
    • Do not walk bare footed. (Prohibition)
    • Beware of pick-pockets. (Warning)
    • Do wait here till I return. (Urge)
    • Engage a tutor for your son. (Suggestion)




Interrogative Sentences

A sentence that asks a question is called an Interrogative Sentence. An Interrogative Sentence is followed by a Mark or Note or Sign of Interrogation (?). For example:

    1. Do you take tea ?
    2. Are you going to school?
    3. Shall I help you?
    4. What is your name?
    5. When do you go to school?
    6. Where do you live ?
    7. Who are you?
    8. Whom do you want?
    9. How do you do?
    10. How much money have you?
    11. Were they present?
    12. Can you solve this sum?
    13. May I come in, Sir?
Exclamatory Sentences

Exclamatory Sentences are those which express strong or sudden feelings or emotions of joy, wonder, anger, sorrow, contempt etc. over something which has happened or has been done.

    1. Alas! Her only son has died.
    2. Hurrah! We have won the match.
    3. Ah! Have they gone ?
    4. Oh! I got such a fright.
    5. Fie! A soldier and afraid of fighting death.
    6. Hello! What are you doing there ?
    7. Hush! Don’t make a noise.
    8. What a beautiful building it is ! How foolish I have been!



Optative Sentences

An Optative Sentence expresses a prayer, a wish or a desire.

PrayerMay you live long!
PrayerMay God bless you!
WishWould that I were a prince!
WishI wish I were a king!
WishIf only I could win the first prize!
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