Class 8 English Grammar Chapter 1 The Sentence. A sentence is a group of words which makes a complete sense. The words in a sentence are written in a meaningful order. A new sentence begins with a capital letter. A sentence ends with a punctuation mark a full stop (.) Or an exclamation mark (!) or a question mark (?). The wrong sentences are a jumble of words. They do not give us a correct sense when we read them. According to the English language they should be as corrected and marked right.
One of the foundational elements of English grammar that students encounter in Class 8 is The Sentence. But what exactly is a sentence? In its simplest form, a sentence is an assembly of words arranged in such a manner that they convey a complete thought or idea. The beauty of the English language lies in the order and structure of these words, which, when combined, make meaningful statements.
Every sentence springs to life with a capital letter marking its commencement. This is a pivotal rule, ensuring clarity in written communication. As we journey through the sentence, we arrive at its culmination, which is signified by a punctuation mark. Depending on the emotion or information conveyed, this could be a full stop (.), emphasizing a declarative or imperative statement; an exclamation mark (!), highlighting a strong emotion or a command; or a question mark (?), indicating an inquiry or doubt.
|Class: 8||English Grammar|
|Chapter: 1||The Sentence|
|Study Material:||Textbook and Revision Book|
Kinds of Sentences
- Statements or Assertive Sentences
- Commands or Imperative Sentences
- Questions or Interrogative Sentences
- Optative Sentences
- Exclamations or Exclamatory Sentences
Class 8 English Grammar Chapter 1 Explanation
Now, it’s essential to distinguish between correctly framed sentences and those that miss the mark. Incorrectly structured sentences often resemble a chaotic mix of words, leading to confusion. These scrambled sequences fail to convey a lucid thought, making them challenging to decipher. In the realm of English grammar, such sentences demand correction to align with the language’s norms and to ensure they resonate with the reader.
Statements or Assertive Sentences
A sentence that makes a statement or assertion is called Declarative or Assertive or Affirmative sentence. It is always followed by period i.e. full stop (.)
- I am writing a letter.
- Sita is singing a song.
- It rains.
A sentence that expresses a command, a request, an advice, prohibition, a warning, a suggestion is called an Imperative Sentence.
- Help the poor. (Advice)
- Please help me. (Request)
- Get out of the class. (Order)
- March forward. (Command)
- Do not walk bare footed. (Prohibition)
- Beware of pick-pockets. (Warning)
- Do wait here till I return. (Urge)
- Engage a tutor for your son. (Suggestion)
Considering the importance of proper sentence formation, educational platforms, notably websites like Tiwari Academy, place significant emphasis on this topic. They provide a plethora of resources, exercises, and NCERT Solutions to assist students in mastering the art of crafting impeccable sentences. After all, effective communication hinges on the clarity and structure of our sentences.
In conclusion, understanding the nuances of the Sentence is crucial for students of Class 8 English Grammar. By grasping this fundamental concept, they pave the way for enhanced linguistic skills, setting the stage for more advanced grammatical constructs in the future.
A sentence that asks a question is called an Interrogative Sentence. An Interrogative Sentence is followed by a Mark or Note or Sign of Interrogation (?). For example:
- Do you take tea ?
- Are you going to school?
- Shall I help you?
- What is your name?
- When do you go to school?
- Where do you live ?
- Who are you?
- Whom do you want?
- How do you do?
- How much money have you?
- Were they present?
- Can you solve this sum?
- May I come in, Sir?
Exclamatory Sentences are those which express strong or sudden feelings or emotions of joy, wonder, anger, sorrow, contempt etc. over something which has happened or has been done.
- Alas! Her only son has died.
- Hurrah! We have won the match.
- Ah! Have they gone ?
- Oh! I got such a fright.
- Fie! A soldier and afraid of fighting death.
- Hello! What are you doing there ?
- Hush! Don’t make a noise.
- What a beautiful building it is ! How foolish I have been!
An Optative Sentence expresses a prayer, a wish or a desire.
|Prayer||May you live long!|
|Prayer||May God bless you!|
|Wish||Would that I were a prince!|
|Wish||I wish I were a king!|
|Wish||If only I could win the first prize!|