Class 8 English Grammar Chapter 15 Active and Passive Voice

Class 8 English Grammar Chapter 15 Active and Passive Voice. When the Subject of a Verb acts or the Subject is the doer of the action, the verb is said to be in the Active Voice.

When the Subject of a Verb is acted upon, or the Subject is the receiver of the action, the verb is said to be in the Passive Voice. For example, Active Voice: Reena writes a letter. Passive Voice: A letter is written by Reena. There is no difference in the meanings of these two sentences. These are simply two different ways of saying the same thing. But in the first sentence, Subject performs the action, while in the second sentence, the Subject of the Verb is acted upon.

Standard 8 English Grammar Chapter 15 Active and Passive Voice

Class: 8English Grammar
Chapter: 15Active and Passive Voice

Rule for the Change of Voice

    • When a verb is changed from the Active into Passive Voice, the object of the Active Verb becomes the Subject and vice-versa.
    • Change the verb into third form and put proper form of the verb “to be” (is, am, are, was, were, be, been, being) before it according to the tense of the main verb in the Passive Voice and the number (Singular/ Plural) of the new Subject.
    • “By” is used with the agent of the action (= doer of the action) because it is necessary to complete the sense.
    • The tense of the verb does not change.
    • Only the transitive verbs can be changed into Passive Voice but not the Intransitive Verbs.




Active VoicePassive Voice
She helps me. I am helped by her.
He teaches us.We are taught by him.
She respects us.We are respected by her.
He cut trees.Trees were cut by him.
Someone has stolen my purse.My purse has been stolen.
People always admire the brave.The brave are always admired.
Active VoicePassive Voice
Do I teach you?Are you taught by me?
Does he take tea?Is tea taken by him?
Who tells you that?By whom are you told that?
How do you beat him?How is he beaten by you?
Does she help me?Am I helped by her?




Active Passive in Present Continuous Tense
Active VoicePassive Voice
He is flying a kite.A kite is being flown by him.
She is buying apples.Apples are being bought by her.
He is not eating bread.Bread is not being eaten by him.
I am not teaching you.You are not being taught by me.
Is Ram building a house?Is a house being built by Ram?
Active Passive in Present Perfect Tense
Active VoicePassive Voice
We have solved the sums.The sums have been solved by us.
We have not bought a car.A car has not been bought by us.
Has she stolen your watch?Has your watch been stolen by her?
I have not written letters.Letters have not been written by me.
Why have you missed the bus?Why has the bus been missed by you?



Active Passive in Past Indefinite Tense
Active VoicePassive Voice
The peon posted the letter.The letter was posted by the peon.
Did the teacher punish the students?Were the students punished by the teacher?
We did not grow rice.Rice was not grown by us.
Did he run a great risk?Was a great risk run by him?
She did not obey her parents.Her parents were not obeyed by her.
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