Class 8 English Grammar Chapter 8 The Adverb. An Adverb Adverbs arc of three kinds, Simple Adverbs is a word that modifies a Verb, an Adjective, a Preposition, a Conjunction or another Adverb. A Verb: Ram runs fast. An Adjective: This is a very sweet mango. An Adverb: Laxini reads quite clearly. A Conjunction: He solved the problem simply because it was easy. A Preposition: I struck her exactly on the head. Adverbs arc of three kinds, Simple Adverbs, Interrogative Adverbs and Relative Adverbs.
When it comes to the English language, every word type has its significance, playing a distinct role in constructing meaning. In Class 8 English Grammar, Chapter 8 introduces students to a versatile word type, ‘The Adverb.’ This particular component of grammar holds immense power in adding depth and nuance to sentences, transforming the way we convey and receive information. Let’s embark on an enlightening journey, exploring the realm of adverbs.
At its core, an adverb is a word that offers modification or clarification to several parts of speech. It can modify verbs, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions, or even other adverbs. Through these modifications, adverbs add layers to the meaning of the sentence, providing the reader or listener with a richer understanding of the context.
|Class: 8||English Grammar|
|Chapter: 8||The Adverb|
|Books:||Study Material and Notes|
Kinds of Adverbs
(a) Simple Adverbs
(b) Interrogative Adverbs
(c) Relative Adverbs
1 Simple Adverbs: Simple Adverbs simply modify some words. They are of seven kinds:
(i) Adverbs of time: They show when the action is done
I have heard about it before.
(ii) Adverbs of Place: They show where the action is done.
(a) Stand here. (b) Go there. (C) She looked up.
2. Interrogative Adverbs: Interrogative Adverbs are used for asking questions. They ask about time, place, manner, number, quantity and cause as,
When did he go?
3. Relative Adverbs: Relative Adverb joins two sentences. It refers back to some Antecedent as, This is the house where I was born.
|This is a fast bus.||This bus runs fast.|
|This is a hard sum.||She works hard all day.|
|She speaks in a loud voice.||Don’t talk so loud.|
|He lives in the next house.||When will you see him next?|
Comparison of Adverbs: Some Adverbs are compared like Adjectives as,
Position of Adverbs: To avoid any uncertainty of meaning the adverb is placed
1. Only I saw her saree. 2. I only saw her saree.
Uses of Some Adverbs:
1. “Very” is used
1. Drinking is very harmful. 2. She gets up very early.
2. “Much” is used
1. The patient is much better now. 2. He runs much faster than you.
3. “Too” is used:
1. He is too stupid. 2. She is too shy.
When “too” denotes excess of something, it is not a substitute for very or much as,
Different forms of Adverb
- Modifying a Verb: In the sentence, “Ram runs fast,” the word ‘fast’ is an adverb that describes how Ram runs.
- Modifying an Adjective: Consider the phrase, “This is a very sweet mango.” Here, ‘very’ is an adverb enhancing the adjective ‘sweet.’
- Modifying another Adverb: In “Laxmi reads quite clearly,” the adverb ‘quite’ emphasizes the clarity, denoted by another adverb, ‘clearly.’
- Modifying a Conjunction: The sentence, “He solved the problem simply because it was easy,” has ‘simply’ as an adverb shedding light on the reason expressed by the conjunction ‘because.’
- Modifying a Preposition: In the statement, “I struck her exactly on the head,” ‘exactly’ is an adverb adding precision to the preposition ‘on.’
|It is too hot.||It is very hot|
|She is too weak.||She is very weak.|
|Honey is too sweet.||Honey is very sweet.|
|I am too glad.||I am very glad.|
Use of “Enough”
Will you be kind enough to sanction my loan?
She is clever enough to see through his trick.
“Quite” is used:
1. I am quite well.
2. The cow is quite dead.
6. “Fairly” and ‘Rather’ are used:
1. Ram is fairly rich.
2. Sita is fairly beautiful.
“Ago” and “Before”
1. I received your letter a few hours ago.
2. I have seen the Taj before.
“Since” is used
He has done nothing since he came.
“Perhaps” expresses doubt and ‘Probably’ shows like hood as, Perhaps he will help you.
“But” as adverb means “only” as, You are but a mean fellow.
Now, diving further into the categorization of adverbs, they can be segmented into three primary types:
Simple Adverbs: These are the most common adverbs, offering straightforward modifications, like ‘fast’ or ‘very.’
Interrogative Adverbs: These adverbs are used to pose questions, like ‘how,’ ‘when,’ or ‘where.’
Relative Adverbs: They introduce relative clauses, like ‘where,’ ‘when,’ and ‘why,’ depending on the context.
Renowned educational platforms, such as Tiwari Academy, prioritize the importance of mastering adverbs for budding linguists. With detailed NCERT Solutions dedicated to Class 8 English Grammar, they aim to simplify the complexity of adverbs, enabling students to utilize them with finesse. Through the adept use of adverbs, learners can enhance their language skills, adding texture and depth to their expressions.
To sum up, Chapter 8 is an essential pillar of English grammar, opening up a world of descriptive possibilities for students. Through understanding and employing adverbs correctly, learners can articulate their thoughts more vividly, enriching their overall linguistic prowess.
Errors in the use of Adverbs
|He is too healthy.||He is very healthy.|
|This pen is too good.||This pen is very good.|
|I am too glad to meet you.||I am very glad to meet you.|
|It is very cold to work.||It is too cold to work.|