Class 8 English Grammar Chapter 8 The Adverb. An Adverb Adverbs arc of three kinds, Simple Adverbs is a word that modifies a Verb, an Adjective, a Preposition, a Conjunction or another Adverb. A Verb: Ram runs fast. An Adjective: This is a very sweet mango. An Adverb: Laxini reads quite clearly. A Conjunction: He solved the problem simply because it was easy. A Preposition: I struck her exactly on the head. Adverbs arc of three kinds, Simple Adverbs, Interrogative Adverbs and Relative Adverbs.
Standard 8 English Grammar Chapter 8 The Adverb
|Class: 8||English Grammar|
|Chapter: 8||The Adverb|
Kinds of Adverbs
(a) Simple Adverbs
(b) Interrogative Adverbs
(c) Relative Adverbs
1 Simple Adverbs: Simple Adverbs simply modify some words. They are of seven kinds:
(i) Adverbs of time: They show when the action is done
I have heard about it before.
(ii) Adverbs of Place: They show where the action is done.
(a) Stand here. (b) Go there. (C) She looked up.
2. Interrogative Adverbs: Interrogative Adverbs are used for asking questions. They ask about time, place, manner, number, quantity and cause as,
When did he go?
3. Relative Adverbs: Relative Adverb joins two sentences. It refers back to some Antecedent as, This is the house where I was born.
|This is a fast bus.||This bus runs fast.|
|This is a hard sum.||She works hard all day.|
|She speaks in a loud voice.||Don’t talk so loud.|
|He lives in the next house.||When will you see him next?|
Comparison of Adverbs: Some Adverbs are compared like Adjectives as,
Position of Adverbs: To avoid any uncertainty of meaning the adverb is placed
1. Only I saw her saree. 2. I only saw her saree.
Uses of Some Adverbs:
1. “Very” is used
1. Drinking is very harmful. 2. She gets up very early.
2. “Much” is used
1. The patient is much better now. 2. He runs much faster than you.
3. “Too” is used:
1. He is too stupid. 2. She is too shy.
When “too” denotes excess of something, it is not a substitute for very or much as,
|It is too hot.||It is very hot|
|She is too weak.||She is very weak.|
|Honey is too sweet.||Honey is very sweet.|
|I am too glad.||I am very glad.|
Use of “Enough”
Will you be kind enough to sanction my loan?
She is clever enough to see through his trick.
“Quite” is used:
1. I am quite well.
2. The cow is quite dead.
6. “Fairly” and ‘Rather’ are used:
1. Ram is fairly rich.
2. Sita is fairly beautiful.
“Ago” and “Before”
1. I received your letter a few hours ago.
2. I have seen the Taj before.
“Since” is used
He has done nothing since he came.
“Perhaps” expresses doubt and ‘Probably’ shows like hood as, Perhaps he will help you.
“But” as adverb means “only” as, You are but a mean fellow.
Errors in the use of Adverbs
|He is too healthy.||He is very healthy.|
|This pen is too good.||This pen is very good.|
|I am too glad to meet you.||I am very glad to meet you.|
|It is very cold to work.||It is too cold to work.|