Class 8 Science Chapter 2 MCQ

Class 8 Science Chapter 2 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) of Microorganism: Friend and Foe. There are 25 MCQ Tests containing more than 100 questions with answers and explanation, prepared for new academic session 2020-21.

MCQ are prepared from NCERT Textbook of Class 8 Science and Exemplar book including all the best questions for practice.

Class 8 Science Chapter 2 MCQ for 2020-21

Class: 8Science
Chapter 2:MCQ Tests of Microorganism: Friend and Foe

Class 8 Science Chapter 2 MCQ Tests for Exams

Class 8 Science Chapter 2 MCQ Tests of Microorganism: Friend and Foe with complete explanation and answers. All the questions have four option with one option correct. After attempting you can see the answer and explanation for justification. All the important topics of NCERT Books 8th Science Chapter 2 have been added in these MCQs.

Q1

Paheli wants to know the non-benefits about microorganisms?

[A]. They can create production of alcohol by fermentation.
[B]. They can create rust of wheat.
[C]. They are caused in cleaning up of the environment.
[D]. None of the above.
Q2

Paheli is writing some sentences about “algae”. In which of sentences, she is writing as incorrect?

[A]. Spirogyra is single-celled algae.
[B]. Chlamydomonas and diatoms are multi-celled algae.
[C]. Blue-green algae can not fix nitrogen gas of atmosphere.
[D]. All the above.
Q3

In which of the following human diseases are caused by viruses?

[A]. Measles
[B]. Polio
[C]. Chicken Pox
[D]. All the above
Q4

Paheli wants to know the method for preventing the occurrence or spread of communicable diseases:

[A]. We should keep our food covered.
[B]. We should also keep a safe distance from a person having common cold and coughing.
[C]. We should protect ourselves from mosquito bites.
[D]. All the above.
Q5

Poliomyelitis is responsible virus for polio. Who discovered polio vaccine?

[A]. Louis Pasteur
[B]. Jonas Salk
[C]. Robert Koch
[D]. None of the above

Types of Fungi

Yeasts:Unicellular organisms.
Moulds:Multi cellular organisms.
Mushrooms:Multi cellular organisms.
Maldews:Unicellular organisms.
The Common Characters of Viruses
    • They are the smallest living organisms.
    • They do not have a cellular structure.
    • They have a simple structure, consisting of a small piece of Nucleic Acid (either DNA or RNA), surrounded by a protein coat.
    • They are on the boundary between living and non-living.
Discovery of Viruses

In 1852, a Russian botanist D.I. Ivanovsky discovered viruses from tobacco plants. These viruses were named as TMV (Tabacco Mosaic Viruses). Viruses are the smallest living organisms, ranging in size from about 20-300 mm on average. They cannot be seen with the simple microscope. They pass through filters which retain bacteria.

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What is micro-biology?

There is a world of living organisms which cannot be seen with the naked eyes. They can be seen only through a microscope. Microorganisms are often described as single -celled or unicellular organisms, but there are certain species that are multi-cellulars. The study of micro-organisms is called micro-biology.

What are Extremophiles?

Micro-organisms are found in a variety of places, and they can survive in extremely harsh environmental
conditions. Some types of micro-organisms have adapted to the extreme conditions and sustained colonies; these organisms are known as Extremophiles.

What is Bacteriology?

Becteria are microscopic, unicellualar organisms. They are often coocus -(Spherical) or red-shaped and 0.5- 51/m in the longest dimension. The study of bacteria is known as Bacteriology.

What are Pathogens?

Some micro-organisms are useful to us in many ways, while some are definitely harmful since they cause diseases. The microorganisms which cause disease are known as Pathogens.