Class 8 Science Chapter 3 MCQ

Class 8 Science Chapter 3 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) of Synthetic Fibres and Plastic. A full revision with question-answer and explanation in the form of MCQs based on latest CBSE Syllabus for new academic session 2021-2022.

After selecting the correct or incorrect answers, you can see the right answers with reason behind them.

Class 8 Science Chapter 3 MCQ for 2021-2022

Class: 8Science
Contents:Multiple Choice Questions – MCQ Tests

Class 8 Science Chapter 3 MCQ for Exams

Class 8 Science Chapter 3 MCQ with complete explanation are given below. There more than 100 questions with answers based on Class 8 Science Chapter 3 NCERT Textbook. All the 20 sets of online tests are free to use again and again. If you feel revision, please visit to Important Questions or NCERT Solutions links given just below to each question.




Q1

Which of the following statement is or are incorrect?

[A]. Acrylic is used for sweaters, furnishing fabrics and carpets.
[B]. Ryon is also used for making ropes for rock climbing.
[C]. Terylene is also mixed with natural fibre.
[D]. Plastics are used in spacecrafts.
Q2

Paheli is writing some statements. She wants to know in which of the following statements is or are incorrect?

[A]. The fabric terry wool is obtained by mixing terylene and wool.
[B]. It is risky to wear synthetic clothes while working in the kitchen.
[C]. Some of the plastics are biodegradable.
[D]. Synthetic fibres do not melt on heating.
Q3

The material which is commonly used for making kitchen containers is

[A]. PVC
[B]. Acrylic
[C]. Teflon
[D]. PET
Q4

Consider the following statements and choose the incorrect one:

[A]. Melamine is a plastic used for making crockery.
[B]. Polyvinyl chloride is a thermoplastic.
[C]. Bakelite is a thermosetting plastic.
[D]. None of the above.
Q5

Which of the following groups contains all synthetic substances?

[A]. Nylon, terylene, wool
[B]. Cotton, polycot, rayon
[C]. PVC, polythene, bakelite
[D]. Acrylic, silk, wool




Q6

Boojho is writing some statements, choose the correct statement and help him:

[A]. Plastic is reactive material.
[B]. Thermoplastic when molded once cannot be softened on heating.
[C]. It has no risk to wear synthetic clothes while working in the kitchen.
[D]. None of the above.
Q7

Paheli is writing some statement which is given by her teacher. Would you help him to choose the correct statements?

[A]. The fabric tery wool is obtained by mixing terylene and wool.
[B]. A nylon thread is actually stronger than a steel wire of similar thickness.
[C]. Acrylic blankets are cheap, light in weight more durable.
[D]. All the above
Q8

Consider the following statements and choose the correct one:

[A]. The fabric terry wool is obtained by mixing terylene and wool.
[B]. Synthetic fibre does not melt on heating.
[C]. A synthetic fibre is a chemical substance of single unit.
[D]. Rayon is the fully synthetic fibre.
Q9

In which of the following statements is or are incorrect?

[A]. The fibres obtained from plants and animals are called natural fibres.
[B]. Fibres the synthetic fibres are made by human beings.
[C]. A fibre is very thin thread like strand from which cloth is made.
[D]. None of the above
Q10

In which of the following statement is or are incorrect?

[A]. Polymer is large single chemical unit.
[B]. Acrylic is known as artificial silk.
[C]. Nylon is first fully synthetic fibre.
[D]. Polyester fibre does not wrinkle easily.



Q11

The most suitable material for the preparation of handles of cooking utensils is:

[A]. Polythene
[B]. PVC
[C]. Nylon
[D]. Bakelite
Q12

Consider the given statements and choose the incorrect one:

[A]. Wood pulp is a hard but wet mass of fibre obtained from wood.
[B]. Wood pulp contains a large amount of natural polymer called glucose.
[C]. Rayon is natural fibre because it is made from cellulose.
[D]. All the above.
Q13

Boojho is writing some statements but he confused to know whether the statements are correct or not? Would you help him?

[A]. Rayon is often regarded as artificial silk.
[B]. Rayon is natural fibre prepared by chemical treatment.
[C]. Synthetic fibre are prepared by using petrochemicals.
[D]. All the fibres are different from texture generally, it means feel, appearance and shine.
Q14

The material similar to silk in appearance is:

[A]. Nylon
[B]. Rayon
[C]. Polyester
[D]. Terylene
Q15

Paheli is taking preparation for her final examination. She is writing some statements about “Nylon” but she confused to know whether the statements are correct or not? Would you help her?

[A]. Nylon is the first fully synthetic fibre.
[B]. Nylon is made up of the repeating units of amide chemical.
[C]. Nylon is a thermosetting polymer.
[D]. Nylon fibres absorb very little water.




Q16

Which is a thermosetting plastic?

[A]. Melamine
[B]. Polythene
[C]. PVC
[D]. Nylon
Q17

In which of the following statement is or are incorrect?

[A]. Nylon was made in the year 1931.
[B]. Nylon developed in Netherlands and London.
[C]. Nylon is not attacked by moths and ordinary chemicals.
[D]. Nylon fibre have high abrasion resistance
Q18

Consider the following statements, choose the incorrect one:

[A]. The synthetic fibres are also known as man-made fibres.
[B]. A fibre similar to wool is acrylic.
[C]. A monomer is a chain of many small units of polymer.
[D]. The first fully synthetic fibre was rayon.
Q19

Polycot is obtained by mixing:

[A]. Nylon and wool
[B]. Polyester and wool
[C]. Nylon and cotton
[D]. Polyester and cotton
Q20

Which of the following are thermosetting polymers?

[A]. Melamine, Terylene
[B]. Terylene, Polythene
[C]. Melamine, Bakelite
[D]. Terylene, Bakelite



Q21

The similarity between artificial silk and cotton is that:

[A]. Both are non-biodegradable.
[B]. Both melt on heating.
[C]. Both are amide polymers.
[D]. Both are cellulose polymers.
Q22

Which of the following is a source of rayon?

[A]. Wool
[B]. PET
[C]. Wood pulp
[D]. Silk
Q23

Consider the following statements and choose the correct statement(s):

[A]. PET is a very familiar form of polymer.
[B]. PET can be made into a fibre or a plastic.
[C]. PET is replacing materials like glass.
[D]. All the above.
Q24

Paheli is writing some statements. She wants to know in which of the following statements is or are incorrect?

[A]. The fabric terry wool is obtained by mixing terylene and wool.
[B]. It is risky to wear synthetic clothes while working in the kitchen.
[C]. Most of the plastics are biodegradable.
[D]. Synthetic fibres do not melt on heating.
Q25

Pick the synthetic fibre out of the following:

[A]. Cotton
[B]. Nylon
[C]. Jute
[D]. Wool

Identification of fibres by burning their threads

Cotton:Burns completely, leaving no residue.
Nylon:Burns slowly; fabric shrinks after exposure to flame, forms hard beads and gives off a smell of burning hair.
Wool and SilkBurns slowly, with a smell like that of burning hair but no beads are produced.
PolyesterResults are like nylon, except that black smoke is produced.
RayonBurns quickly with a smell of burning paper.
AcrylicBurns slowly with a sooty flame; fabric shrinks from flame, and forms black beads.

Detergent

Leftover chemical substances obtained from petroleum products were treated with sulphuric acid to invent a new soap-like product known as detergent.

Class 8 Science Chapter 3 Extra Questions

What is a polymer?

A long chain of molecules is called a polymer. It is made up of a large number of monomer molecules joined end to end to form a large molecule. There are many polymers that occur naturally, such as rubber, silk, wool and even cotton.

Which is the first man made synthetic polymer?

The first man-made synthetic fibre, nylon, was put into commercial production in 1939 by a team of scientists of the famous chemical company, E.I. Dupont de Nemours. Nylon derives its name from the first letter of ‘New York’ and first three letters of ‘London’, the two cities where it was simultaneously developed and marked.

What is Rayon?

Rayon is a type of synthetic (man-made) material that resembles silk in appearance.

What are the different forms of Terylene?

Terylene has wool-like texture, which is why it is often used to weave fabrics for making suits, trousers, etc. It is called terycot when blended with cotton, and terywool when mixed with wool.