NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 On Equality Unit 1 (अध्याय 1: समानता) free to View online. All the NCERT Solutions are based on latest NCERT Books for the academic session 2019 – 20.
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On Equality: Question answers
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7 Social Science – Civics – Chapter 1: Question Answers
Important Notes on Chapter 1
India is a democracy. These include people’s participation, the resolution of conflict, and equality and justice. Equality is a key feature of democracy and influences all aspects of its functioning.
In a democratic country, like India, all adults irrespective of what religion they belong to, how much education they have had, what caste they are, or whether they are rich or poor are allowed to vote. This is called universal adult franchise and is an essential aspect of all democracies. The idea of universal adult franchise is based on the idea of equality because it states that every adult in a country, irrespective of their wealth and the communities she/he belongs to, has one vote.
Apart from being poor, people in India experience inequality in different ways.
One of the more common forms of inequality in India is the caste system. If you live in rural India your caste identity is something that you probably learned or experienced very young. If you live in urban India some of you might think that people no longer believe in caste.
Dalit is a term that the so-called lower castes use to address themselves. Dalit means ‘broken’ and by using this word, lower castes are pointing to how they were, and continue to be, seriously discriminated against.
The Indian Constitution recognises every person as equal. This means that every individual in the country, including male and female persons from all castes, religions, tribes, educational and economic backgrounds are recognised as equal. This is not to say that inequality ceases to exist. It doesn’t. But atleast, in democratic India, the principle of the equality of all persons is recognised.
No country can be described as being completely democratic. There are always communities and individuals trying to expand the idea of democracy and push for a greater recognition of equality on existing as well as new issues. Central to this is the struggle for the recognition of all persons as equal and for their dignity to be maintained.