NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 3

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 How the State Government Works Unit 2 (अध्याय 3: राज्य शासन कैसे काम करता है) free to View online. All the NCERT Solutions are based on latest NCERT Books for the academic session 2019 – 20. Share your view thought Discussion Forum and reply to your friends and class mates.


Class:7
Subject:Social Science (Civics)
Chapter 3:How the State Government Works

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 3

Visit to Class 7 Social Science main page

How the State Government Works: Question answers




7 Social Science – Civics – Chapter 3: Question Answers

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 How the State Government Works
class 7 civics chapter 3 answers

Visit to 7 Social Science or Top of the page

Important Questions on Chapter 3

Question 1:
Who are MLAs?
Answer 1:
Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) are elected by the people. They then become members of the legislative assembly and also form the government. Every state in India has a Legislative Assembly. Each state is divided into different areas or constituencies. From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA).




Question 2:
How are MLAs become ministers or chief minister?
Answer 2:
A political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies in a state can be said to be in a majority. The political party that has the majority is called the ruling party and all other members are called the opposition. The MLAs belonging to the ruling party will elect their leader who will become the chief minister. The chief minister then selects other people as ministers.

Question 3:
What is A Legislative Assembly?
Answer 3:
A Legislative Assembly is a place where all the MLAs, whether from the ruling party or from the opposition meet to discuss various things.

Question 4:
What is a Constituency?
Answer 4:
A particular area from which all the voters living there choose their representatives. This could be, for example, a panchayat ward or an area that chooses an MLA.

Question 5:
What do you mean by majority?
Answer 5:
This is a situation when more than half the number in a group supports a decision or an idea. This is also called a simple majority.

Question 6:
What does Opposition refer?
Answer 6:
This refers to elected representatives who are not members of the ruling party and who play the role of questioning government decisions and actions as well as raise new issues for consideration in the Assembly.




Question 7:
What is a Press Conference?
Answer 7:
A gathering of journalists from the media who are invited to hear about and ask questions on a particular issue and are then expected to report on this to the larger public.

Visit to 7 Social Science or Top of the page

Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA is and how is the person elected?

The members of Legislative Assemblies (MLAs) are directly elected by the people. They then become members of the legislative assembly and also form the government.
Every State in our country has a Legislative Assembly. Each State is divided into different constituencies (areas). From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). The MLA represents the constituency in the Legislative Assembly of the State.

How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain.

After the elections, a political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies in a state became the ruling party.
The MLAs belonging to the ruling party will elect their leader who will become the chief minister.
The chief minister then selects other people as ministers.
The Governor of the state then appoints the chief minister and other ministers.

Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?

The Chief Minister and other ministers take decisions and run the government. Whatever decisions being taken by them have to approve by the members of the legislative assembly. In a democracy, these members can ask questions, debate an important issue, decide where money should be spent etc. They have the main authority.
Thus, decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers should be debated in the Legislative Assembly for the benefit of the entire people.

What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments?

MLAs take part in different debate or discussion on various issues. They ask questions to different ministers of related departments. Sometimes they raise issues in the Assembly and request the government to take measures as soon as possible.
The government departments take action and direct the officials to look into the matter of various issues and do the needful. They try to satisfy the MLAs who ask questions to them by giving proper answers. They assure the Assembly members that urgent steps will be taken to control the situation.