NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 6 Towns, Traders and Craftspersons (अध्याय 6: नगर, व्यापारी और शिल्पजन) free to View online or download in PDF form. Download NCERT Solutions App based on NCERT Solutions for the academic session 2019 – 20.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 6
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Towns, Traders and Craftspersons: Question answers
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7 Social Science – History – Chapter 6: Question Answers
Important Questions & Notes on Chapter 6
Describe the architect Kunjaramallan Rajaraja Perunthachchan.
The perennial river Kaveri flows near this beautiful town. One hears the bells of the Rajarajeshvara temple built by King Rajaraja Chola. The town people are all praise for its architect Kunjaramallan Rajaraja Perunthachchan who has proudly carved his name on the temple wall. Inside is a massive Shiva linga.
What does Temple Towns and Pilgrimage Centres represent?
Temple towns represent a very important pattern of urbanisation, the process by which cities develop. Temples were often central to the economy and society. Rulers built temples to demonstrate their devotion to various deities. They also endowed temples with grants of land and money to carry out elaborate rituals, feed pilgrims and priests and celebrate festivals. Pilgrims who flocked to the temples also made donations.
Why was a Network of Small Towns emerged?
From the eighth century onwards the subcontinent was dotted with several small towns. These probably emerged from large villages. They usually had a mandapika (or mandi of later times) to which nearby villagers brought their produce to sell. They also had market streets called hatta (haat of later times) lined with shops. Besides, there were streets for different kinds of artisans such as potters, oil pressers, sugar makers, toddy makers, smiths, stonemasons, etc. Many came from far and near to these towns to buy local articles and sell products of distant places like horses, salt, camphor, saffron, betel nut and spices like pepper.
Describe the Crafts in Towns.
The craftspersons of Bidar were so famed for their inlay work in copper and silver that it came to be called Bidri. The Panchalas or Vishwakarma community, consisting of goldsmiths, bronzesmiths, blacksmiths, masons and carpenters, were essential to the building of temples. They also played an important role in the construction of palaces, big buildings, tanks and reservoirs. Similarly, weavers such as the Saliyar or Kaikkolars emerged as prosperous communities, making donations to temples. Some aspects of cloth making like cotton cleaning, spinning and dyeing became specialised and independent crafts.