NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism (अध्याय 2: धर्मनिरपेक्षता की समझ) (Unit 1 of Social and Political Life – III) to Study online free with latest NCERT Text Books to free download. Download NCERT Solutions for other subjects also.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 2
Go back to 8 Social Science Main page
Understanding Secularism: Question Answers
8 Civics Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism Solutions
Important Questions with Answers
What is Secularism?
The Indian Constitution allows individuals the freedom to live by their religious beliefs and practices as they interpret these. In keeping with this idea of religious freedom for all, India also adopted a strategy of separating the power of religion and the power of the State. Secularism refers to this separation of religion from the State.
Why is it Important to Separate Religion from the State?
This is important for a country to function democratically. Almost all countries of the world will have more than one religious group living in them. If this majority religious group has access to State power, then it could quite easily use this power and financial resources to discriminate against and persecute persons of other religions. This tyranny of the majority could result in the discrimination, coercion and at times even the killing of religious minorities. Therefore, the tyranny of the majority and the violation of Fundamental Rights that can result is one reason why it is important to separate the State and religion in democratic societies.
Another reason that it is important to separate religion from the State in democratic societies is because we also need to protect the freedom of individuals to exit from their religion, embrace another religion or have the freedom to interpret religious teachings differently.
What is Indian Secularism?
The Indian Constitution mandates that the Indian State be secular. According to the Constitution, only a secular State can realise its objectives to ensure the following:
1. One religious community does not dominate another.
2. Some members do not dominate other members of the same religious community.
3. The State does not enforce any particular religion nor take away the religious freedom of individuals.
Do you know?
In February 2004, France passed a law banning students from wearing any conspicuous religious or political signs or symbols such as the Islamic headscarf, the Jewish skullcap, or large Christian crosses. In the 1960s, France had faced a shortage of workers and therefore, had provided visas for these immigrants to come and work in the country. The daughters of these immigrants often wear headscarves while attending school.