NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 4 Understanding Laws (अध्याय 4: कानूनों के समझ) (Unit 2 of Social and Political Life – III) to Study online along with the NCERT Solutions for other subjects also.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 4
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Understanding Laws: Question Answers
8 Civics Chapter 4 Understanding Laws Solutions
Important Questions on Chapter 8 Civics Chapter 4
Laws in ancient time
In ancient India, there were innumerable and often overlapping local laws. Different communities enjoyed different degrees of autonomy in administering these laws among their own. In some cases, the punishment that two persons received for the same crime varied depending on their caste backgrounds, with lower castes being more harshly penalised. This slowly began to change as this system of law began to further evolve during the colonial period.
How do Indian evolve the rules of law during colonial period?
By the end of the nineteenth century, the Indian legal profession also began emerging and demanded respect in colonial courts. They began to use law to defend the legal rights of Indians. Indian judges also began to play a greater role in making decisions. Therefore, there were several ways in which Indians played a major role in the evolution of the rule of law during the colonial period.
How Do New Laws Come About?
The Parliament has an important role in making laws. There are many ways through which this takes place and it is often different groups in society that raise the need for a particular law. An important role of Parliament is to be sensitive to the problems faced by people. The role of citizens is crucial in helping Parliament frame different concerns that people might have into laws. From establishing the need for a new law to its being passed, at every stage of the process the voice of the citizen is a crucial element.
What are Unpopular and Controversial Laws?
The situation where the Parliament passes laws that turn out to be very unpopular. Sometimes a law can be constitutionally valid and hence legal, but it can continue to be unpopular and unacceptable to people because they feel that the intention behind it is unfair and harmful. Hence, people might criticise this law, hold public meetings, write about it in newspapers, report to TV news channels etc.
In a democracy like ours, citizens can express their unwillingness to accept repressive laws framed by the Parliament. When a large number of people begin to feel that a wrong law has been passed, then there is pressure on the Parliament to change this.