Class 10 Science Chapter 12 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) of Magnetic Effects of Electric Current. All MCQs are important for exams as well as school tests. Practice with these objective questions to score more in your terminal exams or unit tests. These MCQs includes almost all questions from intext questions and exercises questions. Answers and explanation of each MCQ is given along with the questions.

Class 10 Science Chapter 12 MCQ Online Test

Class: 10Science
Chapter: 12Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
Contents:MCQ Online Tests with Answers
Session:CBSE 2024-25

Class 10 Science Chapter 12 MCQ with Answers for 2024-25

Class 10 Science Chapter 12 MCQ Online Test with answers are given here to provide a perfect practice to the all students of grade 10. All the answers are taken from NCERT Books for class 10 science only. There are about 75 questions divided in sets of questions. If a user need more practice, click on the button “Start a New Test” given at the end of last question.


A strong bar magnet is placed vertically above a horizontal wooden board. The magnetic lines of force will be:

[A]. Only in horizontal plane around the magnet
[B]. Only in vertical plane around the magnet
[C]. In horizontal as well as in vertical planes around the magnet
[D]. In all the planes around the magnet

The magnetic field lines produced by a bar magnet:

[A]. Originate from the south pole and end at its north pole
[B]. Originate from the north pole and end at its east pole
[C]. Originate from the north pole and end at its south pole
[D]. Originate from the south pole and end at its west pole

A D.C. generator is based on the principle of:

[A]. Electrochemical induction
[B]. Electromagnetic induction
[C]. Magnetic effect of current
[D]. Heating effect of current

Commercial electric motors do not use

[A]. An electromagnet to rotate the armature
[B]. Effectively large number of turns of conducting wire in the current carrying coil
[C]. A permanent magnet to rotate the armature
[D]. A soft iron core on which the coil is wound

A plotting compass is placed near the south pole of a bar magnet. The pointer of plotting compass will:

[A]. Point away from the south pole
[B]. Point parallel to the south pole
[C]. Point towards the south pole
[D]. Point at right angles to the south pole

For a current in a long straight solenoid N- and S-poles are created at the two ends. Among the following statements, the incorrect statement is

[A]. The field lines inside the solenoid are in the form of straight lines which indicates that the magnetic field is the same at all points inside the solenoid
[B]. The strong magnetic field produced inside the solenoid can be used to magnetize a piece of magnetic material like soft iron, when placed inside the coil
[C]. The pattern of the magnetic field associated with the solenoid is different from the pattern of the magnetic field around a bar magnet
[D]. The N- and S-poles exchange position when the direction of current through the solenoid is reversed

The strength of the magnetic field between the poles of an electromagnet would be unchanged if:

[A]. Current in the electromagnet winding were doubled
[B]. Direction of current in electromagnet winding were reversed
[C]. Distance between the poles of electromagnet were doubled
[D]. Material of the core of electromagnet were changed

Consider the following statements and choose the correct one:

[A]. A magnet is an object which attracts piece of iron steel Nickel and Cobalt.
[B]. Magnetic effect of electric current means that an electric current flowing in a wire produces a magnetic field around it.
[C]. The end of a a freely suspended magnet which points towards the north direction is called the north pole of the magnet
[D]. All the above

Which of the following correctly describes the magnetic field near a long straight wire?

[A]. The field consists of straight lines perpendicular to the wire.
[B]. The field consists of straight lines parallel to the wire.
[C]. The field consists of radial lines originating from the wire.
[D]. The field consists of concentric circles centred on the wire.

Consider the following statements and choose the incorrect one:

[A]. Iron feelings show the shape of magnetic field produced by a bar magnet by aligning themselves with the magnetic field lines.
[B]. A compass consists of a tiny pivoted magnet usually in the form of a pointer which can turn freely in the horizontal plane.
[C]. A compass needle do not deflected when brought near a bar magnet.
[D]. The strength of magnet field is indicated by the degree of closeness of the field lines.

Rahul is writing the properties of the magnetic field lines choose the correct statements:

[A]. The magnetic field lines originate from the north pole of a magnet and end at its south pole.
[B]. The magnetic field lines come closer to one another near the poles of a magnet but they are widely separated at other places.
[C]. The magnetic field lines do not intersect or crossed one another
[D]. All the above.

The essential difference between an AC generator and a DC generator is that:

[A]. A.C. generator has an electromagnet while a DC generator has permanent magnet.
[B]. D.C. generator will generate a higher voltage.
[C]. A.C. generator will generate a higher voltage.
[D]. A.C. generator has slip rings while the DC generator has a commutator.

Neeru is completed her science chapter where she wrote some statements. She wants to know whether the statements are correct or not? Neeru wants to take help from you:

[A]. A concealed current carrying conductor can be located due to the magnetic effect of current by using a plotting compass.
[B]. The magnetic field lines around a straight conductor or straight wire carrying current are concentric circles whose centres lies on the wire.
[C]. The magnitude of magnetic field produced by a straight current carrying wire at a given point is inversely proportional to the distance of that point from the wire.
[D]. When electric current flows vertically downwards then the direction of magnetic field is anticlockwise.

The north pole of a long bar magnet was pushed slowly into a short solenoid connected to a galvanometer. The magnet was held stationary for a few seconds with the north pole in the middle of the solenoid and then withdrawn rapidly. The maximum deflection of the galvanometer was observed when the magnet was:

[A]. Moving towards the solenoid
[B]. Moving into solenoid
[C]. At rest inside the solenoid
[D]. Moving out of the solenoid

An electric generator converts:

[A]. Electrical energy into mechanical energy.
[B]. Mechanical energy into heat energy.
[C]. Electrical energy into chemical energy.
[D]. Mechanical energy into electrical energy.

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An induced current is produced when a magnet is moved into a coil. The magnitude of induced current does not depend on:

[A]. The speed with which the magnet is moved
[B]. The number of turns of the coil
[C]. The resistivity of the wire of the coil
[D]. The strength of the magnet

Which one of the following statements is not true?

[A]. In a house circuit, lamps are used in parallel.
[B]. Switches, fuses and circuit breakers should be placed in the neutral wire
[C]. An electric iron has its earth wire connected to the metal case to prevent the user receiving a shock
[D]. When connecting a three-core cable to a 13 A three-pin plug, the red wire goes to the live pin.

In the last year board examination, Rahul were asked a question where he had to choose the statement which was/were correct? Will you be able to answer this question?

[A]. A magnet exerts a mechanical force on a current carrying wire, and if the wire is free to move, this force can produce a motion in the wire.
[B]. When current carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic field, a mechanical force is exerted on the conductor which can make the conductor move.
[C]. The direction of force acting on a current carrying wire placed in a magnetic field is perpendicular to the direction of current.
[D]. All the above.

Recently, in a science class test, you are asked a question where you have to say whether the statements are correct or not?

[A]. The minimum force is exerted on a current carrying conductor only when it is perpendicular to the direction of magnetic field.
[B]. The direction of force on a current carrying conductor placed in a magnetic field can also be reversed by reversing the direction of magnetic field.
[C]. No force acts on a current carrying conductor when it is parallel to the magnetic field.
[D]. None of the above

A 3-pin mains plug is fitted to the cable for a 1 kW electric kettle to be used on a 250 V a.c. supply. Which of the following statements is not correct?

[A]. The fuse should be fitted in the live wire
[B]. A 13 A fuse is the most appropriate value to use
[C]. The neutral wire is coloured black
[D]. The green wire should be connected to the earth pin.

Which of the following statement is or are correct?

[A]. A motor is a device which converts electrical energy to mechanical energy. [B] [C] [D]
[B]. A motor works on the principle that when a rectangular coil is placed in a magnetic field and current is passed through it a force exerted on the coil which rotates it continuously.
[C]. Commutator rings reverse the direction of current flowing through the coil after every half rotation of the coil.
[D]. All the above.

Read the following sentences carefully, and choose the correct one:

[A]. The direction of induced current can also be reversed by reversing the direction of magnetic field.
[B]. A generator uses the movement or rotation of a rectangular coil of wire between the poles of a horseshoe magnet to produce an electric current.
[C]. If a wire (in the form of a coil) is kept fixed, but a magnet is moved inside it, even then a current is produced in the coil of wire.
[D]. All the above.

Badal appeared in class test but he confused to know the correct statement. Would you help him to know that?

[A]. The electric generator converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.
[B]. The alternating current AC produced in India has a frequency of 50 Hertz.
[C]. The electric generator works on the principle that when a straight conductor is moved in a magnetic field, then current is induced in the conductor.
[D]. All the above.

Read the following sentences carefully, and choose the incorrect one:

[A]. All the electrical appliances like bulbs, fans and sockets etc. are connected in parallel across the live wire and the neutral wire.
[B]. There are two separate circuits in a house, the lightning circuit with a 15 A fuse and the power circuit with a 25 A fuse.
[C]. The main advantage of the parallel connection is that if one of the appliances is switched off, or gets fused, there is no effect on the other appliances and they keep on operating.
[D]. Another advantage of the parallel circuits is that the same voltage of the mains line is available for all the electrical appliances

Priya is writing some statements, choose the incorrect statement and help him:

[A]. To avoid the risk of electric shocks, the metal body of an electrical appliance is “earthed”.
[B]. Touching of the live wire and neutral wire directly is known as short circuit.
[C]. The red colored wire is the live wire, and the black wire is the earth wire, whereas green wire is the neutral wire.
[D]. An extremely large current can flow in domestic wiring under two circumstances i.e., short circuiting and overloading.

Who did show that electricity and magnetism are related to each other as in 10th Science?

It was first shown by Oersted that electricity and magnetism were related phenomena.

What is magnetic field according to Class 10 Science chapter 12?

The region surrounding a magnet, in which the force of the magnet can be detected, is called magnetic field of the magnet.

Why do two magnetic field line not intersect explain as in 10th Science NCERT?

No two field-lines are found to cross each other. If they did, it would mean that at the point of intersection, the compass needle would point towards two directions, which is not possible.

State the Fleming’s left-hand rule according to 10th Science Chapter 12?

According to this rule, stretch the thumb, forefinger and middle finger of your left hand such that they are mutually perpendicular. If the first finger points in the direction of magnetic field and the second finger in the direction of current, then the thumb will point in the direction of motion or the force acting on the conductor.

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Last Edited: April 27, 2023