Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Important Extra Questions and Notes (Civics Chapter 5) Outcome of Democracy updated for new academic session 2024-25 based on new released CBSE Curriculum and new NCERT Books. Download Offline Apps and Study Material for the CBSE Exams and School unit tests as well as terminal tests.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Important Questions 2024-25

Subject:Political Science – Civics
Contents:Important Questions & Notes

10th Political Science Chapter 5 Important Questions for Exams

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Important Questions are given below updated for new academic session 2024-25. Ask your questions related to CBSE Subject or NIOS in Discussion Forum and get the answers by subject experts and other users. Important Questions are taken from NCERT Books and previous year question papers.

10th Political Science Chapter 5 Important Questions Set – 1

What are the reason which make democracy a better form of Government?

The reason by which democracy is a better form of government:
Promotes equality among citizens; Enhances the dignity of the individual; Improves the quality of decision- making; Provides a method to resolve conflicts; and Allows room to correct mistakes.

What are the things that show the government responsive?

The following practices and institutions Show the government responsive regular, free and fair elections; open public debate on major policies and legislations; and citizens’ right to information about the government and its functioning. The actual performance of democracies shows a mixed record on this. Democracies have had greater success in setting up regular and free elections and in setting up conditions for open public debate. But most democracies fall short of elections that provide a fair chance to everyone and in subjecting every decision to public debate. Democratic governments do not have a very good record when it comes to sharing information with citizens.

What is the reasonable to expect from democracy a government?

In substantive terms it may be reasonable to expect from democracy a government that is attentive to the needs and demands of the people and is largely free of corruption. The record of democracies is not impressive on these populations. The routine tales of corruption are enough to convince us that democracy is not free of this evil.

The Accountable Government

A government that may take decisions very fast. But it may take decisions that are not accepted by the people and may therefore face problems. In contrast, the democratic government will take more time to follow procedures before arriving at a decision. But because it has followed procedures, its decisions may be both more acceptable to the people and more effective. So, the cost of time that democracy pays is perhaps worth it. democracy ensures that decision making will be based on norms and procedures. So, a citizen who wants to know if a decision was taken through the correct procedures can find this out. She has the right and the means to examine the process of decision making. This is known as transparency. This factor is often missing from a non-democratic government. Therefore, when we are trying to find out the outcomes of democracy, it is right to expect democracy to produce a government that follows procedures and is accountable to the people.

10th Political Science Chapter 5 Important Questions Set – 2

Explain that in what practice many democracies did not fulfil the expectation?

If you consider all democracies and all dictatorships for the fifty years between1950 and 2000, dictatorships have slightly higher rate of economic growth. The inability of democracy to achieve higher economic development worries us. But this alone cannot be reason to reject democracy. As you have already studied in economics, economic development depends on several factors: country’s population size, global situation, cooperation from other countries, economic priorities adopted by the country, etc. economic development between less developed countries with dictatorships and democracies is negligible.

What is the one feature of dictatorship? In Which field democracy get more success?

Dictatorship control all branches of government and heads. Democracy get the success due to people have equal rights and opportunities.

How it is better to prefer Democracy?

When we find such significant difference in the rates of economic growth between countries under dictatorship and democracy, it is better to prefer democracy as it has several other positive outcomes.

The Government Legitimate

There is one respect in which democratic government is certainly better than its alternatives: democratic government is legitimate government. It may be slow, less efficient, not always very responsive or clean. But a democratic government is people’s own government. That is why there is an overwhelming support for the idea of democracy all over the world. As the accompanying evidence from South Asia shows, the support exists in countries with democratic regimes as well as countries without democratic regimes. People wish to be ruled by representatives elected by them.

10th Political Science Chapter 5 Important Questions Set – 3

How Democracy stands much superior to any other form of government in promoting dignity and freedom of the individual?

Democracy stands much superior to any other form of government in promoting dignity and freedom of the individual. Every individual wants to receive respect from fellow beings. Often conflicts arise among individuals because some feel that they are not treated with due respect. The passion for respect and freedom are the basis of democracy. Democracies throughout the world have recognised this, at least in principle.

Explain how all individuals are equal? Explain with example.

Take the case of dignity of women. Most societies across the world were historically male dominated societies. Long struggles by women have created some sensitivity today that respect to and equal treatment of women are necessary ingredients of a democratic society. That does not mean that women are actually always treated with respect. But once the principle is recognised, it becomes easier for women to wage a struggle against what is now unacceptable legally and morally. In a non-democratic set up, this unacceptability would not have legal basis because the principle of individual freedom and dignity would not have the legal and moral force there. The same is true of caste inequalities.

What are benefit of democracy in India?

Democracy in India has strengthened the claims of the disadvantaged and discriminated castes for equal status and equal opportunity. There are instances still of caste-based inequalities and atrocities, but these lack the moral and legal foundations. Perhaps it is the recognition that makes ordinary citizens value their democratic rights.

The Accommodation of Social Diversity

It is necessary to understand that democracy is not simply rule by majority opinion. The majority always needs to work with the minority so that governments function to represent the general view. Majority and minority opinions are not permanent. It is also necessary that rule by majority does not become rule by majority community in terms of religion or race or linguistic group, etc. Rule by majority means that in case of every decision or in case of every election, different persons and groups may and can form a majority. Democracy remains democracy only as long as every citizen has a chance of being in majority at some point of time. If someone is barred from being in majority on the basis of birth, then the democratic rule ceases to be accommodative for that person or group.

10th Political Science Chapter 5 Important Questions Set – 4

What is the most distinctive about democracy?

The most distinctive about democracy is that its examination never gets over. As people get some benefits of democracy, they ask for more and want to make democracy even better. That is why, when we ask people about the way democracy functions, they will always come up with more expectations, and many complaints. The fact that people are complaining is itself a testimony to the success of democracy: it shows that people have developed awareness and the ability to expect and to look critically at power holders and the high and the mighty.

How is the reduction of inequality based?

Democracies are based on political equality. All individuals have equal weight in electing representatives. Parallel to the process of bringing individuals into the political arena on an equal footing, we find growing economic inequalities. A small number of ultra-rich enjoy a highly disproportionate share of wealth and incomes. Not only that, their share in the total income of the country has been increasing. Those at the bottom of the society have very little to depend upon. Their incomes have been declining. Sometimes they find it difficult to meet their basic needs of life, such as food, clothing, house, education and health.

“All over the world mostly favor democracy” justify this statement.

The rules for the country is directly elected by people. It made government to the people, for the people, by the people. It makes us allow to correct mistake. It secure fundamental right for its citizen. It enhances the dignity of its citizen.

The Reduction of Poverty

The poor constitute a large proportion of our voters and no party will like to lose their votes. Yet democratically elected governments do not appear to be as keen to address the question of poverty as you would expect them to. The situation is much worse in some other countries. In Bangladesh, more than half of its population lives in poverty. People in several poor countries are now dependent on the rich countries even for food supplies.

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Last Edited: June 28, 2023