NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics
|Subject:||Social Science – Civics|
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics – Political Science
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics – Political Science all chapters are given below to free download in PDF form updated for new academic session 2021-22. Download Offline Apps 2021-22 and NCERT Books based on latest CBSE Syllabus for new academic session. Ask your queries and questions related to CBSE Subject in Discussion Forum.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science
Class 10 Political Science Important Questions & Notes
What are the learning objectives of Chapter 1: Power Sharing?
The learning objective of Chapter 1 is to Familiarize with the centrality of power sharing in a democracy and to understand the working of spatial and social power sharing mechanisms.
What are the learning objectives of Chapter 2: Federalism?
The learning objective of Chapter 2 is to Analyse federal provisions and institutions and to Explain decentralization in rural and urban areas.
What are the learning objectives of Chapter 4: Gender, Religion and Caste?
The learning objective of Chapter 1 is to Identify and Analyse the challenges posed by communalism to Indian democracy and to Recognize the enabling and disabling effects of caste and ethnicity in politics.
Number of Chapter in Class 10 Political Science
There are total 8 chapters in all. Name of the chapters are Chapter 1: Power Sharing, Chapter 2: Federalism, Chapter 3: Democracy and Diversity, Chapter 4: Gender, Religion and Caste, Chapter 5: Popular Struggles and Movements, Chapter 6: Political Parties, Chapter 7: Outcomes of Democracy and Chapter 8: Challenges to Democracy. But the Chapter 3: Democracy and Diversity, Chapter 5: Popular Struggles and Movements and Chapter 8: Challenges to Democracy to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.
Objectives of Chapter 6: Political Parties
The learning objective of Chapter 1 is to Analyse party systems in democracies and to know the Introduction to major political parties, challenges faced by them and reforms in the country.
Objectives of Chapter 7: Outcomes of Democracy
The learning objective of Chapter 1 is to Evaluate the functioning of democracies in comparison to alternative forms of governments. Understand the causes for continuation of democracy in India and Distinguish between sources of strengths and weaknesses of Indian democracy.
Important Questions on Class 10 Civics
State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.
A prudential reason for power sharing is that it leads to an avoidance of conflict between social groups. Since social conflict often leads to violence and political instability, power sharing is a good way to ensure the stability of political order. In India, seats have been reserved in legislatures for the socially weaker sections keeping in mind this prudential reason for power sharing. A moral reason for power sharing is that it upholds the spirit of democracy. In a truly democratic setup, the citizens too have a stake in governance. In India, the citizens can come together to debate and criticise the policies and decisions of the government. This in turn puts pressure on the government to rethink its policies and reconsider its decisions. This active political participation is in keeping with the moral reason for power sharing.
What are the reasons for Decentralization in India?
Large country. Three – Tier govt., – local govt. formed. Large no: of problems and issues. Local people-better knowledge of local problems. Democratic participation – local self – govt. 1992- Amendment – third tier made – more powerful.
How do social divisions affect politics? Give two examples.
A combination of social divisions and politics can be really dangerous. A democracy involves competition among various political parties. As their competition tends to divide society, if they start competing in terms of some existing social divisions, then it can convert those social divisions into political divisions, which can lead to conflict, violence and even disintegration of the country. An example of this is the disintegration of Yugoslavia into six independent countries. However, the combination of social divisions and politics is not always negative. The political expression of social divisions allows marginalised and disadvantaged social groups to express their grievances and ask the government to rectify them. The system of reservation of seats in Indian legislatures for the socially disadvantaged has allowed such social groups to have an adequate representation in the decision making process.
State different forms of communal politics with one example each.
Different forms of communal politics: (a) The expression of communal superiority in everyday beliefs: Militant religious groups are a good example of this. (b) The desire to form a majoritarian dominance or a separate state: Separatist leaders and political parties in Jammu and Kashmir and Central India are an example of this. (c) The use of religious symbols and leaders in politics to appeal to the voters: This technique is applied by many politicians to influence voters from the two largest religious communities in the country. (d) In addition to all this, communal politics can take the form of communal violence and riots, like the riots in Gujarat in 2002.
Mention any two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state.
Two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state are: The Constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice and propagate any religion, or not to follow any. The Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion.
In what ways do pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics?
Pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics in a variety of ways. (i) They try to gain public support and sympathy for their cause by carrying out information campaigns, organising meetings, filing petitions, etc. (ii) By organising strikes and disruptions, they seek to make the government take note of their demands. (iii) They also influence decision-making by lobbying. (iv) The issues raised by them often influence the policies of political parties.
What are the various challenges faced by political parties?
Various challenges faced by political parties: Lack of internal democracy: This is caused by the concentration of power in the hands of a few leaders. As a result, positions at the top are reserved for the leaders’ relatives (dynastic succession) or people close to them. Increased dependence on money and muscle power: This causes the party policies to be moulded by groups which supply these to the party. Failure to provide a meaningful choice to the voters: This is because of the decline in fundamental, ideological differences among parties in most parts of the world.
What are the characteristics of a political party?
Characteristics of a political party are: The presence of a central ideology which defines what it stands for. Policies arising from this ideology; the party promises to implement these if it is voted to power. The presence of a leader, the party workers and supporters.
How does democracy produce an accountable, responsive and legitimate government?
Democracy produces an accountable, responsive and legitimate government by giving the citizen the right to examine the process by which decisions are made. These decisions are made according to norms and procedures which make the decisions more acceptable to the people. Added to this is the basic fact that in a democracy, the people have a right to elect their own government, and the candidate which is elected is thought to be capable enough to fulfil the demands of the people.
In democracy all citizens have one vote, which means that there is absence of any domination and conflict. Why?
In democracy all citizens have one vote, which means that there is absence of any domination and conflict. This is not true as conflict can be eliminated only in an ideal situation. In real democracies, though every person has one vote, there are divisions among the people. These divisions lead to conflict.