NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 (Political Science Chapter 5) Popular Struggles and Movements in PDF format updated for new academic session 2020-2021 based on new Textbooks of NCERT and following the latest CBSE Syllabus 2020-2021.

Just like chapter 3, this Chapter also be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination. Ask your doubts related to all subject in Discussion Forum and share your knowledge with the outer world.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5

Class:10
Subject:Social Science – Civics
Chapter 5:Popular Struggles and Movements

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 in PDF

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 in PDF form free to download updated for new academic session 2020-21. Apps based on latest NCERT Books and solutions are available for download based on new CBSE Syllabus 2020-21. Ask your doubts related to CBSE or NIOS board through DISCUSSION FORUM and get the proper answers.




Class 10 Political Science Important Questions & Notes

  • 10th Political Science Chapter 1: Important Questions: Power SharingRead more
  • 10th Political Science Chapter 2: Important Questions: FederalismRead more
  • 10th Political Science Chapter 3: Important Questions: Democracy and DiversityRead more
  • 10th Political Science Chapter 4: Important Questions: Gender, Religion and CasteRead more
  • 10th Political Science Chapter 5: Important Questions: Popular Struggle and MovementRead more
  • 10th Political Science Chapter 6: Important Questions: Political PartiesRead more
  • 10th Political Science Chapter 7:Important Questions: Outcome of DemocracyRead more
How does pressure group influence Politics?

Pressure groups influence Politics in the following ways:
They indirectly help the candidate.
To create the pressure on government they organized the strike and demonstration.
To get support and sympathy of public they organize various functions.

What is Pressure groups?

Pressure groups are organisations that attempt to influence government policies.

What do you know about Public Interest Groups?

They promote collective goods as opposed to selective good. They support or help groups other than their own members.

What do you understand by pressure group? Explain with example?

Pressure groups are organisations that attempt to influence government policies. Example:
All India Teacher’s Association.
All India Student Union.
All India Trade Association.

Who are Maoist?

The communists who believed in the ideology of Mao, the great leader of the Chinese Revolution were called Maoist.

Significance of the Election Manifesto

It provides the details of programs, policies and objectives of Political Parties.
It shows the Internal and External policies of any party.
It provides the information about post-election operations.
Public can create pressure to government to work accordingly their manifesto.




Pressure Groups & Movements

Pressure groups and movements have deepened democracy.
It reminds the government of the needs and concern of ordinary citizens.
Put pressure on the rulers for the unhealthy activities,
It performs a useful role of the countering undue influence of the rich and powerful people.
One Single group cannot achieve dominance over society.
The government gets to hear about what different sections of the population want.
This leads to a rough balance of power and accommodation of conflicting interests.

One Mark Questions with Answers

1. Give some examples of Movements?
2. Explain the main reason for “Bolivia’s water war’?
3. Name any one political party of India which grew out of a movement.
4. Who are Sectional Interest groups?
5. What is the role of “BAMCEF”?

Answers of 1 Mark Questions

1. Narmada Bachao Andolan, Anti-liquor Movement, Women’s Movement.
2. The Government of Bolivia sold the rights of water supply to a multinational company.
3. Aam Aadmi Party, AIADMK, DMK.
4. They seek to promote the interests of a particular sections of group of society.
5. It is an organization largely made up of government employees that campaigns against caste discrimination.



Important Questions on Class 10 Civics Chapter 5

Describe the forms of relationship between pressure groups and political parties?
The relationship between political parties and pressure groups can take different forms.
(i) Pressure groups are often formed and led by politicians and political parties. Most trade unions and students’ organisations in India are either established by, or affiliated to one or the other major political party.
(ii) Political parties sometimes grow out of movements. Parties like DMK and AIADMK were formed this way.
(iii) Many a times, the issues raised by pressure or movement groups are taken up by political parties, leading to a change in the policies of the parties.
In what ways do pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics?
Pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics in a variety of ways.
(i) They try to gain public support and sympathy for their cause by carrying out information campaigns, organising meetings, filing petitions, etc.
(ii) By organising strikes and disruptions, they seek to make the government take note of their demands.
(iii) They also influence decision-making by lobbying.
(iv) The issues raised by them often influence the policies of political parties.
What is a pressure group? Give a few examples.
A pressure group is an organisation which attempts to influence government policies through protests and demonstrations. Pressure groups are formed when people with similar opinions get together for similar objectives. Examples of pressure groups are FEDECOR and BAMCEF.
What is the difference between a pressure group and a political party?
The major difference between pressure groups and political parties is that unlike political parties, pressure groups do not aim to directly control or share political power.
Explain how the activities of pressure groups are useful in the functioning of a democratic government.
Pressure groups are important in the functioning of a democratic government as they provide an opportunity for marginalised people to voice their opinions. In some cases, the government’s opinion might be biased by a small group of rich and powerful people. It is here that pressure groups step in and force the government to make policies which will benefit certain other sections of society as well.
Fill in the blank: Organisations that undertake activities to promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers, and lawyers are called _____________ groups.
Organisations that undertake activities to promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers, and lawyers are called sectional interest groups.