NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography
|Subject:||Social Science – Geography|
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography in PDF
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography in PDF form free to download for academic session 2021-2022. Study Material and Offline apps are based on latest NCERT Books and following new CBSE Syllabus. Ask your doubts in Discussion Forum.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography All Chapters
Class 10 Geography Important Questions for Exams
How many chapters are there in Class 10 Geography?
There are total 7 chapters in Class 10 Geography for session 2021-22 but the chapter ‘Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife’ and ‘Chapter 3: Water Resources’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination. In this way only 5 chapters will be asked in CBSE Board Examination.
What are the main topics of Class 10 Geography Chapter 1: Resources and Development?
The main topics of Class 10 Geography Chapter 1: Resources and Development are types of Resources, Development of Resources, Resource Planning in India, Land Resources, Land Utilization, Land Use Pattern in India, Land Degradation and Conservation, Soil as a Resource, Classification of Soils and Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation.
What are the main objectives of Class 10 Geography Chapter 1: Resources and Development?
The main objectives of Class 10 Geography Chapter 1: Resources and Development are to understand the value of resources and the need for their judicious utilization and conservation.
What are the main topics of Class 10 Geography Chapter 4: Agriculture?
The main topics of Class 10 Geography Chapter 4: Agriculture are types of farming, Cropping Pattern, Major Crops, Technological and Institutional Reforms and Impact of Globalization on Agriculture.
What are the main objectives of Class 10 Geography Chapter 4: Agriculture?
The main objectives of Class 10 Geography Chapter 4: Agriculture are to Identify various types of farming and discuss the various farming methods; describe the spatial distribution of major crops as well as understand the relationship between rainfall regimes and cropping pattern. To explain various government policies for institutional as well as technological reforms since independence.
Objectives of Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources
The main objectives of Class 10 Geography Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources are to Identify different types of minerals and energy resources and places of their availability and to feel the need for their judicious utilization.
Objectives of Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries
The main objectives of Class 10 Geography Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries are to Bring out the importance of industries in the national economy as well as understand the regional disparities which resulted due to concentration of industries in some areas. To discuss the need for a planned industrial development.
Objectives of Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy
The main objectives of Class 10 Geography Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy are to Explain the importance of transport and communication in the ever-shrinking world. To understand the role of trade and tourism in the economic development of a country.
Important Questions on Class 10 Geography
What steps can be taken to control soil erosion in the hilly areas?
Terrace farming and shelter belt plantation can be done to prevent soil erosion in hilly areas.
How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.
Various human activities have resulted in a decline of forest cover. Vast tracts of forest had been cleared to make way for farmland and for making new houses, factories and infrastructure. Mining is another human activity which has destroyed forest in a vast area. Thus, human activities have resulted in significant depletion of flora and fauna.
Explain how water becomes a renewable resource.
All water that is used primarily ends up in the sea. From there, it enters the hydrological cycle in the form of water vapour. Freshwater is renewed by this cycle when precipitation occurs. Hence, water is a renewable resource.
Discuss how rainwater harvesting in semi-arid regions of Rajasthan is carried out.
Houses in the semi – arid regions of Rajasthan have traditionally constructed tanks for storing drinking water. They are big and are a part of the well-developed rooftop rainwater harvesting system. The tanks are constructed inside the main house or the courtyard, and are connected to the sloping roofs of the houses through a pipe. The rain falling on the rooftop travels down and is stored in the tanks. The first spell of rain is not collected as this water cleans the roof and the pipes. The rainwater from the subsequent spells is collected. This water is used till the next rainy season, and is a reliable source of water even after other sources have dried up. The tanks also help in cooling the houses as rooms built around them have generally low temperatures due to conduction.
Name one important beverage crop and specify the geographical conditions required for its growth.
Tea is an important beverage crop. To grow well, the tea plant needs tropical or sub tropical climates, and deep and fertile well-drained soil which is rich in humus and organic matter.
Describe the impact of globalisation on Indian agriculture.
The impact of globalisation on Indian agriculture has been felt since colonial times. Raw cotton and spices were important export items from India. In 1917, Indian farmers revolted in Champaran against being forced to grow indigo in place of food grains, in order to supply dye to Britain’s flourishing textile industry. Thus, globalisation has had its boons and banes for Indian agriculture. Post liberalisation, Indian farmers face new challenges in the form of competition from highly subsidised agriculture of developed nations. This prompts the need for making Indian agriculture successful and profitable by improving the conditions of small and marginal farmers, countering the negative effects of Green Revolution, developing and promoting organic farming, and diversifying cropping pattern from cereals to high-value crops.
Distinguish between Conventional and non-conventional sources of energy.
Conventional sources of energy are generally exhaustible and polluting, e.g., firewood, coal and petroleum. Non – conventional sources of energy are usually inexhaustible and non-polluting, e.g., solar, wind, tidal and atomic energy.
Why do you think that solar energy has a bright future in India?
Being a tropical country, India has an abundance of sunlight. Hence, there are huge possibilities of tapping solar energy. Solar energy is a non-conventional source of energy, but it is gaining popularity in rural and remote areas whose households’ dependence on firewood and dung cakes is reduced as a result. This in turn helps in conserving environment and ensuring an adequate supply of manure in agriculture.
Name any three physical factors for the location of the industry.
Physical factors essential in deciding the location of an industry are − availability of raw materials, availability of capital and the proximity to the market.
How do industries pollute the environment?
Industrial pollution of the environment is of four types: air, water, land and noise. Air pollution is caused by smoke released by chemical and paper factories, brick kilns, refineries and smelting plants, and burning of fossil fuels in factories ignoring pollution norms. Water pollution is caused by the discharging of organic and inorganic industrial wastes and effluents into rivers. This form of pollution is caused by paper, pulp, chemical, textile, dyeing, petroleum refineries, tanneries and electroplating industries. The major solid wastes released into rivers in India are fly ash, phospo – gypsum, and iron and steel slags. Thermal pollution of water is another form of water pollution, caused by the emission of hot water from factories and thermal plants into rivers and ponds. Dumping of solid wastes renders the soil infertile and useless too. Lastly, noise pollution results from industrial and construction activities, machinery, generators, and saws, pneumatic and electric drills.
Where and why is rail transport the most convenient means of transportation?
Rail transport is the most convenient means of transport all over the country. It is especially suited to long distance travel by people and also for transportation of goods in bulk. A train can carry a large number of people or large bulks of goods at one go. Thus, cost of transportation per unit becomes quite less compared to other modes of transport.