NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 6
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries in PDF form to free download. NCERT Books and Offline apps 2020-21 are updated according to latest CBSE Syllabus for new session 2020-21.Visit to discussion forum to ask your doubts and help your friends by answering their questions. We are here to help you without any charge or conditions. Our only aim is to help the scholars with any personal benefits.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 in PDF
|Subject:||Social Science – Geography|
|Chapter 6:||Manufacturing Industries|
Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 in PDF form to free download is given below updated for new academic session 2020-21. Download Offline Study Material and Offline Apps free for use. Ask your doubts in Discussion Forum and share your knowledge with your friends and other users.
Class 10 Geography Important Questions for Exams
- 10th Geography Chapter 1:Important Questions: Resources and DevelopmentRead more
- 10th Geography Chapter 2:Important Questions: Forest and Wildlife ResourcesRead more
- 10th Geography Chapter 3:Important Questions: Water ResourcesRead more
- 10th Geography Chapter 4:Important Questions: AgricultureRead more
- 10th Geography Chapter 5:Important Questions: Minerals and Energy ResourcesRead more
- 10th Geography Chapter 6:Important Questions :Manufacturing IndustriesRead more
- 10th Geography Chapter 7:Important Questions: Lifeline of the National EconomyRead more
Which challenges are being faced by the Sugar industry in India?
The challenges are as follows:
(i) This is a seasonal and short term industry.
(ii) Sugarcane production per hectare is low.
(iii) Old machines in use. Inefficient method of production.
(iv) Need to maximize the use of baggage.
(v) Transport delay in reaching cane to factories.
What are the major problems of cotton industry?
Following are the major problems of cotton industry:
Power supply is erratic.
Machinery needs to be upgraded.
Low output of labour
Stiff competition with the synthetic fibre industry.
What are the human factors effecting the location of an industry?
The human factors effecting the location of an industry are as follows:
(iv) Services like Transport, Communication, Banking, Insurance etc.
(v) Financial advice
(vi) Government policies
Why is iron and steel industry called a heavy industry?
All the raw materials, like iron-ore, coal and lime are heavy in nature. Finished products of this industry needs high cost of transport.
Which challenges are being faced by the Jute industry of India?
(i) Things from synthetic fibre are in the market.
(ii) Synthetic fibre is cheap, compare to jute.
(iii) The jute cultivation is very expensive and hard.
(iv) Stiff competition in the international market from other substitutes is a big challenge.
(v) Bangladesh is a big challenge as a competitor while Brazil, Philippines, Egypt and Thailand are other competitors.
What are Cooperative sector industries?
These are owned and operated by the producers or suppliers of raw materials, workers or both. They pool in the resources and share the profits or losses proportionately such as the sugar industry in Maharashtra, the coir industry in Kerala.
What are the methods to make Indian industries up to the International standards?
The methods to make Indian industries up to the International standards:
(i) Political will power and a stable Government.
(ii) Modern techniques and machines.
(iii) Increasing energy supply.
(iv) Best working facilities to the workers/labours and improvement in their production ability.
(v) Increasing standards of production and international trade treaties.
(vi) Making law and order better in the nation and abolishment of unnecessary labour laws.
Why most of the jute mills are mainly located in West Bengal?
(i) The West Bengal is the largest producer of Jute in India.
(ii) Abundant and inexpensive water from the Hugli river for processing raw jute.
(iii) Cheap labour from West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh
(iv) Supported by a good network of railways, roadways and waterways to facilitate movement of raw material to the mills.
(v) Inexpensive (Cheap) water transport and Kolkata port for export of jute goods.
(vi) Being a large urban centre Kolkata provides banking, insurance and other facilities.
Important Terms of Class 10 Geography Chapter 6
Industry: The expended form of manufacturing.
Cottage Industry: With the help of small tools and involving family members as khadi, handicrafts etc.
Agro based Industries: Which changes agricultural products into industrial products.
Heavy industries: The industries which uses heavy and more space occupying raw material like iron and steel, sugar, cement etc.
Small scale industries: Industries which can be started with small amount of capital and with a few labours.
Joint sector industries: Which are jointly run by the state and individuals or a group of individuals, e.g. Oil India Ltd.
Private sector industries: Owned and operated by individuals or a group of individuals, e.g. Dabur, Bajaj etc.
Foreign Exchange: The exchange of a country’s currency to another state.
Mineral based industries: Which use minerals as their raw material. Such as machine tools, cement, iron and steel etc.
One Mark Questions with Answers
1. Enlist the factors influence the location of industries?
2. When and where the first successful cotton industry was established in India?
3. What is manufacturing?
4. Name the electronic capital of India?
5. What is the importance of manufacturing industries?
6. Which iron and steel plant of India is established with the German collaboration?
7. When and where the first cement industry was established in India?
8. In which industry lime stone is used as a raw material?
9. Which is the largest producer of Jute in the world?
10. Which agency provide steel for public sector in market?
Answers of 1 Mark Questions
1. Availability of raw material, labour, capital, market, sources of power, financial institution etc.
2. In Mumbai 1854.
3. Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more valuable products is called manufacturing.
5. By the development and competitiveness of manufacturing industries the agricultural production increases and trade-commerce get support and efficiency.
7. In Chennai 1904.
8. Cement industry.
10. Steel Authority of India Limited(SAIL)
Important Questions on Class 10 Geography Chapter 6
The problems faced by this industry are: (a) high production costs and limited availability of coking coal; (b) lower productivity of labour; (c) irregular supply of energy; and (d) poor infrastructure.
Recent developments that have led to a rise in the production capacity of this industry are liberalisation and Foreign Direct Investment, with help from private entrepreneurs.
(a) To control water pollution, industrial effluents need to be treated on all three levels (primary, secondary and tertiary); the use of water for processing should be minimised via reuse and recycling; rainwater can be harvested to meet water requirements, and ground water usage should be regulated by law.
(b) For the minimisation of air pollution, smoke stacks should be fitted to factories with electrostatic precipitators, fabric filters, scrubbers and inertial separators. Also, smoke can be reduced by using oil or gas instead of coal.
(c) Noise pollution can be controlled by fitting generators with silencers, redesigning machinery to reduce noise, and using earplugs and earphones besides other noise absorbing material.