NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture in PDF format free download updated for new academic session 2020-21 based on latest NCERT Books for MP, UP Board, CBSE and other boards who are following CBSE Syllabus 2020-2021.Offline Apps are available on Play Store to free download. There is no requirement of internet once these apps downloaded. For any educational doubts, please visit to Tiwari Academy Discussion Forum. This is a platform for sharing the knowledge with the others.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4
|Subject:||Social Science – Geography|
Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture in PDF
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 in PDF form free to download for new academic session 2020-21. Download Study Material and Offline Apps to use it offine. NCERT Solutions for class 10 are updated according to new CBSE Syllabus 2020-21 and latest NCERT Books.
Class 10 Geography Important Questions for Exams
- 10th Geography Chapter 1:Important Questions: Resources and DevelopmentRead more
- 10th Geography Chapter 2:Important Questions: Forest and Wildlife ResourcesRead more
- 10th Geography Chapter 3:Important Questions: Water ResourcesRead more
- 10th Geography Chapter 4:Important Questions: AgricultureRead more
- 10th Geography Chapter 5:Important Questions: Minerals and Energy ResourcesRead more
- 10th Geography Chapter 6:Important Questions :Manufacturing IndustriesRead more
- 10th Geography Chapter 7:Important Questions: Lifeline of the National EconomyRead more
What are the ways of Agricultural reforms in India?
(i) Good irrigation system, Organic or bio manure, Use of modern agricultural tools.
(ii) Direct help to farmers, subsidy direct in account.
(iii) Government help, easy and cheap loans.
(iv) Easy accessibility of electricity and water.
(v) Accessibility up to markets.
(vi) Crop insurance to protect from flood, drought, cyclone, fire, and insects.
(vii) Education about agriculture, special weather bulletins.
(viii) Establishment of school, collages and research institute of Agriculture and their use. Practice the following maps and fill the outline maps.
What do you know about Rabi crops?
Rabi crops are grown during middle of October to December and are harvested in summer during April to June. Wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustered etc. are main Rabi crops.
What are the Kharif crops?
Kharif crops are grown in June-July in the different regions of country with the arrival of Monsoons. These crops are harvested in September-October. The main crops of Kharif season are Rice, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, Tur, Moong, Urad, Cotton, Jute, Groundnut and Soyabean.
Describe the major challenges faced by the farmers in India?
(i) Uncertainty of Monsoon.
(ii) Poverty and vicious cycle of Debt.
(iii) Migration towards cities. Withdrawal from agricultural investment.
(iv) Difficulty in reaching Government facilities and middle men.
(v) International competition and reduction in public investment.
What is meant by Subsistence Farming?
The type of farming with the primitive tools in which farmer do production for the fulfilling of their family needs is known as Subsistence Farming.
What is Slash and burn Farming?
Farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops to sustain their family. When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation. This type of farming is known as Slash and burn farming.
What is the importance of Agriculture in Indian economy?
(i) Two third of population is engaged in agricultural activities.
(ii) Agriculture is a primary activity.
(iii) Providing raw material for various industries.
(iv) An age old economic activity of India.
(v) Over these years, cultivation method has changed significantly.
What do you know about Intensive subsistence farming?
It is a labour intensive farming, where high doses of biochemical inputs and irrigation are used for obtaining higher production.
What is Plantation Farming?
A type of commercial farming in which a single crop is grown on a large area using capital intensive inputs with the help of migrant labourers is known as Plantation Farming.
Important Terms on 10th Geography Chapter 4
1. In India Tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana etc. are the main plantation crops. Major crops grown are paddy, wheat, millets, pulses, tea, coffee, sugarcane, oilseeds, cotton and jute, etc.
2. The rice is the staple food crop of a majority of the people of India. We are the second largest producer of rice in world after China. Jowar, bajra and ragi are the important millets grown in India.
3. Crop rotation: Growing different crops on a piece of land to increase the productivity and fertility of land.
4. White Revolution-To improve the breeds of animals for the growth in milk production with the use of modern technology. It is also called Operation Flood.
5. Green Revolution is based on the package technology use of high yielding verity (HYV) seeds, fertilisers, modern technology etc. to increase the production especially wheat production.
One Mark Questions with Answers
1. Write the name of four Rabi and four Kharif crops of India?
2. Write four examples of oil seeds and pulses?
3. Write the two characteristics of subsistence farming?
4. With What is ‘Operation flood’ related to?
5. Which crop is called a golden fibre?
Answers of 1 Mark Questions
1. Rabi Crops: Wheat, gram, barley, peas, mustard etc. and Kharif Crops: Paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, arhar, moong etc.
2. Pulses-arhar, moong, urad, masur, peas, gram etc. Oil seeds-groundnut, mustard, linseed, sesamum (til), soyabean etc.
3. (i) Farming on small pieces of lands with traditional methods and tools. (ii) Often depends on monsoon, natural fertility of soil and the environmental circumstances of crop growing.
4. To increase the production of the milk.
Important Questions on Class 10 Geography Chapter 4
Post liberalisation, Indian farmers face new challenges in the form of competition from highly subsidised agriculture of developed nations. This prompts the need for making Indian agriculture successful and profitable by improving the conditions of small and marginal farmers, countering the negative effects of Green Revolution, developing and promoting organic farming, and diversifying cropping pattern from cereals to high-value crops.