NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Forests and Wildlife Resources in PDF format updated for new academic session 2020-2021 based on new CBSE Syllabus and latest CBSE Textbooks for new academic session.

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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2

Class:10
Subject:Social Science – Geography
Chapter 2:Forests and Wildlife Resources

10th Geography Chapter 2 Forests and Wildlife Resources




NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 in PDF format free to download updated for new academic year 2020-2021 for all boards who are using latest NCERT Books. All the contents and Offline and Online Apps are modified as per the latest CBSE Syllabus. If you have any doubt, please visit to Discussion Forum.

Class 10 Geography Important Questions for Exams

What is NFP?

National Forest Policy –that the claims of communities near forests should not override the national interests, It also stated that the forest area in the country is far lower than the desired 33 percent of geographical area.

What are the reasons for the launching of ‘Project Tiger’ in 1973?

The major threats to tiger population such as poaching for trade, shrinking habitat, depletion of prey base species, growing human population etc. The trade of tiger skins and the use of their bones in traditional medicines, especially in the Asian countries left the tiger population on the verge of extinction.

What are the important Tiger Reserves in India?

Some of the important Tiger Reserves are
SuderbansNaitonal Park in West Bengal,
Manas Tiger Reserve in Assam,
Periyar Tiger Reserve in Kerala.

What are the six categories to classify the existing planks and animal species based on IVCN?

(i) Normal Species
(ii) Endangered species
(iii) Vulnerable Species
(iv) Rare Species
(v) Endemic Species
(vi) Extinct species

What are the main factors that have contributed significantly to the loss of forest after Independence?

Agricultural expansion, large scale development projects, shifting cultivation or slash and burn cultivation have degraded forest in north-eastern and central belt, mining is another important factor.

What are the Steps taken by the government to conserve forest and wildlife?

Steps taken by the government to conserve forest and wildlife:
Indian Wildlife Protection Act implemented-1972.
Established National parks and Wild life sanctuaries.
Several projects introduced like project Tiger.

Administrative classification of forests

Unclassed Forest
Forests and waste lands that are common to Government, private individuals and communities
Reserved Forest
Half of the total forest, regarded as most valuable, also known as permanent forest.
Protected forest
One third of the total forest, areas which are protected from further depletion, also known as permanent forest.



One Mark Questions with Answers

1. Name the primary producers of the ecological system on which all other living beings depend?
2. What is afforestation
3. What is IUCN?
4. Write any one cause to damage the Indian forests during colonial period?
5. Name the nearest rives to you place? why it is not clean?
6. Why Fuel – Fodder demand is partially responsible for depletion of forest resources?
7. What is ecological imbalance?
8. Name a bird, disappeared from Delhi in recent years?
9. Write any one use of Forests and wildlife to us?
10. What is ecological system?

Answers of 1 Mark Questions

1. Plants / Forests.
2. Growing trees.
3. International Union for conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
4. Expanston of the railways / mining / agriculture / scientific forestry.
5. River Yamuna, Due to pollution. (Any one)
6. As a substantial part of the fuel-fodder demand is met by lopping, rather than by felling entire trees.
7. A danger to the ecological system due to the loss of plants and animal species.
8. Sparrow (cauriya)
9. Wood, backs, leaves, rubber, medicines, dyes, food, fuel, Foddes, manure etc. (Any one)
10. The complex Web made physical environment by the of inter relation and inter dependance of plants, animals and human beings.



Important Questions on Class 10 Geography Chapter 2

What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?
The variety of flora and fauna in a given geographical area is called biodiversity of that area. Each species on this earth lives in a system of interdependencies on various biotic and abiotic factors. Human beings also depend on several biotic and abiotic factors for their survival. We may be directly taking some resources from certain species, but we indirectly depend on many other species. Hence, biodiversity is important for human lives.
How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.
Various human activities have resulted in a decline of forest cover. Vast tracts of forest had been cleared to make way for farmland and for making new houses, factories and infrastructure. Mining is another human activity which has destroyed forest in a vast area. Thus, human activities have resulted in significant depletion of flora and fauna.
Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India?
Many local communities have recognized the significance of conservation for their long term survival. Local communities are contributing significantly in conservation at many places. For example; the Bishnois of Rajasthan protect black buck, Chinkara and Peacocks quite zealously. Nature worship is an age old tradition of many tribes. By doing so, they help in conservation of forest. Chipko movement is another example of community initiative in conservation. Joint Forest Management has been practiced in Orissa since 1988 and has bore fruits for conservation.
Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife.
All the good practices towards conservation of forest and wildlife should include an active participation from all the stakeholders. Government agencies, local inhabitants, industrialists and wildlife enthusiasts are the important stakeholders in forest management. The government should formulate rules and regulations and provide system and machinery to implement conservation programmes. The local inhabitants should always be included in the conservation programme, because their survival depends on it. Industrialists and wildlife enthusiasts should also be taken under the fold of conservation programmes. A coordinated effort by all the stakeholders will give better results.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Forests and Wildlife Resources
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 in PDF