NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development in PDF format to free download updated for new academic session 2020-2021 based on latest CBSE Curriculum and new NCERT Books for 2020-21.

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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1

Class:10
Subject:Social Science – Geography
Chapter 1:Resources and Development

10th Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development




NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 in PDF format updated for new academic session 2020-2021 is given here to free download. Download NCERT Solutions based Offline Apps for offline use. Contents are updated as per new NCERT Books following the latest CBSE Syllabus 2020-2021.

Class 10 Geography Important Questions for Exams

What is meant by Resources?

Everything available in our environment which can be used to satisfy our needs, provided, it is technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as ‘Resources’.

What are Biotic Resources?

Resources which are obtained from biosphere and have life known as Biotic Resources. Such as human beings, flora and fauna.

What are Abiotic Resources?

All those things which are composed of non-living things are called Abiotic Resources.
For example: Rocks and metals.

What are Renewable resources?

The Resources which can be renewed or reproduced by physical, chemical or mechanical processes are known as renewable resources. For example: Solar and Wind

What is meant by Non Renewable Resources?

These resources take millions of years in their formation. Some of the resources like metals are recyclable and some like fossil fuels cannot be recycled and get exhausted with their use.

What is Alluvial Soil?

Made of river deposits, consist of sand silt and clay, its types-Bangar and Khadar. Intensively cultivated, supports dense population.. Ideal for paddy, wheat, sugarcane. Northern Plains and deltas.

Reasons for Soil Erosion

It includes human activities like deforestation, over grazing, construction, mining, defective method of farming etc. Natural forces like wind, glacier and water flow.




Sustainable Development

Development should take place without damaging the environment.
Present development status should continue and grow in future.
Development in the present should not compromise with the needs of the future.

Solution for Sustainable Development

An equitable distribution of resources has become essential for a sustained quality of life and global peace. If the present trend of resource depletion by a few individuals and countries continues the future of our planet is in danger. Resource planning is essential for sustainable existence of all forms of life. Utilizing the resources in a judicial manner so as our future generation is not deprived of them.

Gully Erosion

The running water cuts through the clayey soils and makes deep channels known as gullies. This makes the land bad land and in the Chambal basin such land is known as ravines.



Important Questions on Class 10 Geography Chapter 1

Name three states having black soil and the crop which is mainly grown in it.
Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh are some states where black soil is found and cotton is the main crop grown on black soil.
What type of soil is found in the river deltas of the eastern coast? Give three main features of this type of soil.
Alluvial soil is found in the river deltas of the eastern coast. Alluvial soil is rich in potash, phosphoric acid and lime. It has a high water retention capacity and it is highly fertile soil.
What steps can be taken to control soil erosion in the hilly areas?
Terrace farming and shelter belt plantation can be done to prevent soil erosion in hilly areas.
What are the biotic and abiotic resources? Give some examples.
Biotic Resources:
All living organisms in our environment are called biotic resources. For example, trees, animals, insects, etc.
Abiotic Resources:
All non-living things present in our environment are termed as abiotic resources. For example – earth, air, water, metals, rocks, etc.
Explain land use pattern in India and why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960-61?
About 45% of land is used as net sown area, i.e. for farming. About 22% of the land is under forest and the rest of the land is used for various purposes; like housing, recreation and industrial activities. Increasing population and subsequent increase in demand for resources is the main reason that forested land has not increased much during this period.
How have technical and economic development led to more consumption of resources?
Economic development creates demand for various resources and technical development gives the knowhow to exploit those resources. Thus, technical and economic development; together lead to more consumption of resources.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 in PDF